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Ecological problems in big cities, particular in Moscow. How can a contradiction between the technological progress and ecology be solved from my point of view?

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Projec Ecological problems i big ci ies, par icular i Moscow. How ca a co radic io be wee he ech ological progress a d ecology be solved from my poi of view? By A o Li vi Moscow 2004. HE CO E : he i roduc io II. Pollu io of Moscow e viro me 1. Air pollu io . 2. Co di io of flora a d fau a. 3. hermal pollu io . III. Co di io of heal h of he Moscow ci ize . IV. Processi g of was e produc s V. How ca a co radic io be wee he ech ological progress a d ecology ca be solved? he i roduc io . We are livi g i he ce ury of he ech ological progress ryi g o ope all ew a d u k ow , each day bri gs us ew ideas, each mo h bri gs us ew ech ological solu io s, people go s rai i developme ew i ve s a d do o look back, do o s op, do o hi k of he ac All hey hi k abou is maki g heir life more co ve ie for hem self. ha is why he have forgo e o e of he mos valuable hi gs– he e viro me . You see we are livi g i he symbiosis wi h a ure a d we s ro gly depe d o i . I will ry o ell i my research work abou i s problems i my a ive ci y Moscow. I was fou ded i 1147by Jury Dolgoruky. Duri g i s his ory i was roughly all developed, a d became more beau iful. ow i is o e of he larges ci ies i he world wi h he popula io more ha 9’000’000 of people. I is obvious, ha i Moscow here are e viro me al problems as radioac ive pollu io , oxic pollu io , air pollu io , jus like i o her ci ies. I my research work I shall ry o mee you wi h he ecology of Moscow. A d I will also ell you my poi of view o i . All figures a d da a give i my work prese as i was ake from he official si e of Moscow admi is ra io . Pollu io of Moscow e viro me . 1 Air pollu io . he mai problem of Moscow is he pollu io of air. Each year a mosphere ge s 1.8 millio o s of harmful subs a ces 90% from hem is due o mo or ra spor , a d i is very clea because i my a ive ci y 35% of au omobiles are more ha 10 years old. here mo ors have fulfilled here erm. 94% of all machi es are o equipped wi h special fil ers o pro ec e viro me from harmful gases. he umber of au omobiles i Moscow is growi g from year o year, a d ecologis s predic ha i some years i will plu ge i smoke. Whe her here is a exi from his si ua io ? he Moscow gover me has developed he ew program. Accordi g o i i Moscow ew roads a d high ways will be co s ric ed. I should solve he problem of ra spor circula io . O public ra spor here will be fil ers pu ed. A d we will come o euro-1 euro-2 s a dards. I is also pla ed o develop he elec ric ra spor like mo orail rai s. I ovember of 2000 year he program “S ra egy of s ruggle agai s mo or ra spor emissio s i Moscow” was accep ed by Moscow gover me . Bu of course he process will o pass quickly. 2 Co di io of flora a d fau a. A major compo e of urba errai is he gree massive (parks, urba fores s a d garde s), birds a d a imals i habi i g hem. he gree ery as well as he e viro me al sys em, provide comfor of livi g co di io s for people i he ci y, adjus s o defi i e limi s he gas composi io of air a d he degree of i s pollu io , clima ic charac eris ics of urba erri ories, reduces he i flue ce of oise fac or a d is a source of aes he ic percep io .

Urba fores s. I he erri ory of Moscow here are o less ha 36 wood missives. he larges woods massive of Moscow are Лосиный остров – i he ci y limi s, Узкое a d Измайлово. I old par of he ci y, wi hi he bou daries of he Moscow Circular rail road, kep o ly wo releva ly large woods massive: Сокольники a d Останкино. he co di io of fores s as a whole ca be described as loose ed, ha firs of all de ermi ed by he si e of he ci y limi s a d, accordi gly, level of ech o ge e ic loads. Kep wi hi he Moscow bou dary o her a ural compo e s (moors a d rivers) are also i a bad co di io , as well as fores s hey have u dergo e defi i e cha ges as a resul of effec of he complex of a hropoge ic fac ors a d have los hose or divers quali ies a d proper ies, charac eris ic for a ural eco sys em. hese a ural compo e s more ha woods are subjec i g o hrea o a full degrada io because of heir u a e ded developme . he ci y of Moscow i cludes gree pla a io s parks (urba specialized), dis ric s a d childre ’s parks, squares a d boulevard. he garde i g of he s ree s akes he special place i improveme of a ecological co di io of he ci y. he gree pla a io s should execu e o e more fu c io pro ec io of errai s of a housi g es a e agai s a ra spor oise. Fau a. Si ce 1961 from a s ruc ure of a fau a of Moscow 23 ki ds have va ished, firs of all, by availabili y i borders of he ci y large fores s a d park of missives, bou d wi h fores s a d parks by a pro ec ive bel . hermal pollu io . he a alysis of hermal a omalies has show , ha he areas wi h posi ive highly a d medium co ras by hermal a omalies ( empera ure rise above backgrou d more ha 10єC) are co ec ed o i dus rial objec s a d i e sive hermal ou flow from u dergrou d of he wa er carryi g commu ica io s. Ou come of ou flow of arde wa er from u dergrou d wa er carryi gs of he commu ica io s, i par icular, is he cha ge of a empera ure schedule of u dergrou d wa ers. Co di io of heal h of he Moscow ci ize . he ecological a alyses have show ha 80% of ill esses have arise i a resul of he bad ecological si ua io i Moscow. ow days i big ci ies o cology dea h ra e i age grade 40 years; maximum ra i g he ra e of mor ali y gai s i a age-grade of 80-90 years, he o cology dea h ra e of me i age af er 45 years exceeds dea h ra e of he wome i he same group i 2 imes. he mos u favorable si ua io i he ci y o a childre ’s morbidi y was added up i ce ral, Eas er , or hwes a d Зеленоградском dis ric . he high level of ill esses of respira ory orga s is also rei era ed here. Processi g of was e produc s. A impor a problem of a big ci y is he recycli g of was e. Who e joy livi g i dump? his problem rece ly bega o ge huge values because he developme of his i dus ry is accompa ied by grow h of i dus rial was es, a d i is o possible o dump all was e produc s i o e big heap, ha is why his problem has o be solved somehow. For ha i Moscow special fac ories were buil . For example i 1998, fac ories o processi g dus was adva ced 423’000 o s of was e produc s, buried 980’000 o s of was e produc s. For processi g was e we use adva ced ech ologies.

he ew fac ory i Чертаново a d Котляково is co s ruc ed, hese fac ories ca process o 40’000 o s per o e year, he fac ory i Рудникого is co s ruc ed, bu he level of he processed was e is s ill very low. For example i 1998 a fac ories i was adva ced 6% of was e produc s, 35% were buried. O hers se o dumps of he Moscow area. I 1998 i was liquida ed 13’000 cases of illegal dumps of he Moscow area. As for me I ca see ha more a d more fac ories are buil a d we are o goi g o si k i a heap of was e produc s. How ca a co radic io be wee he ech ological progress a d ecology be solved? My survey research claimed ha 100% of Moscow ci ize wa here s ree s o be clea ed, bu o ly 29.8% of hem are ready o pay more axes o deal wi h he problem. ex problem is ha every hird perso i he s ree will hrough away differe ki d of li er jus i he s ree for differe reaso s. From ha fac he co clusio is ha we should o o ly hi k of clea ed s ree s, we mus work o savi g hem clea ed. ha is wha we mus each our childre if we are o goi g o live like pigs. he ex ki d of pollu io ha we ca easily feel o our self is he air pollu io . I is o a ew for a y o e ha cars, which all we like, are he mai cause for i . Some people say ha we should be er use bicycles, o o pollu e he e viro me ; I advise hem o live i caves wi h ou elec rici y a d o her ech ological co ve ie ces, o pro ec he e viro me . Bu here are much more useful ideas of savi g our pla e a d here is o e hi g which sums hem up: - he mai idea is ha ech ology mus help us o pro ec he e viro me which has already suffered from i . From ha idea recycli g fac ories were maid, differe fil ers i ve ed, people eve s ar ed o i ve al er a ive ki ds of fuel, which are early harm less o he pla e , a d a leas we hi k so a he mome . here are eve cars maid, which are worki g o ew fuel eleme s, his is how we have called hese ki d of fuel. Surely we will o be able o use hese cars omorrow a d eve i he ex 10 years, ha is why our gover me mus co i ue worki g o pollu io problems i our cou ry a real ime, a d we will have o come o euro-3 s a dard. We mus also use special fil ers i our cars a d o her las developme s i his area. Wha do you hi k mus be do e o make he ecological si ua io of Moscow be er? ha is he ques io which was old o people o li e. RESUL S (24 – 25march) 2004.   o al umber of people vo ed : 7178 ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: o ge he pla s a d fac ories ou of he ci y- 2439 (36%) ::::::::::::::::::::::::: here mus be much more gree pla s i he ci y- 1788 (24%) :::::::::::::::::::: he raffic mus be limi ed- 1463 (20%) ::::::::::::: We ca do o hi g already- 939 (13%) :::::::: I do o k ow- 549 (7%) Big ha ks o he RosBusi essCo sul i g by which he pool was maid i ’s si e- www.rbc ews.com I hi k ha i shows ha 80% of Moscow ci ize are i eres ed i maki g our e viro me clea er a d ha he mai hi gs hey are i eres ed is he air pollu io which was produced by he pla s a d fac ories ou of he ci y. I shoes ha people sees he problem, bu as I have already sad hey do o hi g o solve I , ha is why here mus be s ric gover me co rol o he pollu io i big ci ies like Moscow, gover me mus also hi k of he recycli g of he was e produc s, a d of course much more s ric ecological laws mus be maid.

The third thing is that, as far as I know in the gathering of scientific evidence, there doesnБЂ™t seem to be anywhere, anything that says whether the Golden Rule is a good one or not. I donБЂ™t have any evidence of it on the basis of scientific study. And finally I would like to make a little philosophical argumentБЂ”this IБЂ™m not very good at, but I would like to make a little philosophical argument to explain why theoretically I think that science and moral questions are independent. The common human problem, the big question, always is БЂњShould I do this?БЂ« It is a question of action. БЂњWhat should I do? Should I do this?БЂ« And how can we answer such a question? We can divide it into two parts. We can say, БЂњIf I do this what will happen?БЂ« That doesnБЂ™t tell me whether I should do this. We still have another part, which is БЂњWell, do I want that to happen?БЂ« In other words, the first questionБЂ”БЂ«If I do this what will happen?БЂ«БЂ”is at least susceptible to scientific investigation; in fact, it is a typical scientific question

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