Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
сделать стартовой добавить в избранное
Кефирный гриб на сайте www.za4et.net.ru

Иностранные языки Иностранные языки

History of democracy of the USA

Чашка "Неваляшка".
Ваши дети во время приёма пищи вечно проливают что-то на ковёр и пол, пачкают руки, а Вы потом тратите уйму времени на выведение пятен с
222 руб
Раздел: Тарелки
Забавная пачка "5000 дублей".
Юмор – настоящее богатство! Купюры в пачке выглядят совсем как настоящие, к тому же и банковской лентой перехвачены... Но вглядитесь
60 руб
Раздел: Прочее
Наклейки для поощрения "Смайлики 2".
Набор для поощрения на самоклеящейся бумаге. Формат 95х160 мм.
19 руб
Раздел: Наклейки для оценивания, поощрения

HE WHA DO AMERICA S MEA WHE HEY USE HE WORD “DEMOCRACY”? Abraham Li col , o e of he bes -loved a d mos respec ed of America's preside s, said ha he US had a gover me “of he people, by he people a d for he people”. He called he U i ed Sla es &quo ;a a io co ceived i liber y a d dedica ed o he proposi io ha all me are crea ed equal.&quo ; o o e has formula ed a be er way of describi g he pri ciples of he America poli ical sys em, as America s u ders a d i . he Co s i u io , laws a d radi io s of he U i ed S a es give he people he righ o de ermi e who will be he leader of heir a io , who will make he laws a d wha he laws will be. he people have he power o cha ge he sys em. he Co s i u io guara ees i dividual freedom o all. HIS ORICAL BACKGROU D OF DEMOCRACY - Democracy as a form of gover me disappeared from a cie Greece a d, over he ce uries, he ra sla io of he pri ciples a d ideals of democracy i o prac ice has bee very rare hroughou he world. Mos people have bee ruled by ki gs, quee s, emperors or small eli e groups a d, excep for cer ai members of he obili y, he people have had o voice i heir gover me . ha was he si ua io i Europe i 1492. - By he 1700s, E gla d had es ablished 13 colo ies i he eas er par of wha is ow he U i ed S a es. - Some of he early Bri ish colo is s had come o he ew World i hopes of e richi g hemselves; o hers came because. Bri ai forced hem o leave – hey were roublemakers or people who could o pay heir deb s. Some came because of he oppor u i y, which did o exis for hem i Europe, o ow la d or prac ice a rade. - I he course of i s lo g his ory as a a io , Grea Bri ai had ake several s eps oward democracy. E gla d (i cludi g Wales) had a parliame wi ch made laws, a d mos people e joyed a degree of i dividual freedom. - William Pe , a member of he Religious Socie y of Frie ds, fou ded he colo y of Pe sylva ia, where he se up laws pro ec i g freedom of religio a d speech. hose laws also e abled he Pe sylva ia colo is s o have a voice i heir local gover me . - Life i he colo ies also helped s re g he democra ic ideas. hey had o work oge her o build shel er, provide food, clear he la d for farms a d i ge eral o make heir ew home la d livable for hem. his eed for coopera io a d shari g, combi ed wi h a belief i i dividualism, s re g he ed he idea ha i he ew World people were equal; ha o o e should have special righ s a d privileges. - Each colo y had i s ow gover me WAR A D I DEPE DE CE - he Bri ish gover me required people o pay axes, bu gave hem o voice i pausi g he ax laws. he Bri ish mo herla d de ermi ed wha he colo is s could produce a d wi h whom hey could rade. - I 1774, a group of leaders from he colo ies me a d formed he “Co i e al Co gress”, which i formed he ki g of he colo is s’ belief ha , as free E glishme , hey should have a voice i de ermi i g laws ha affec ed hem. he ki g a d he co serva ive gover me i Lo do paid o heed o he co cer s of he colo is s, a d ma y colo is s fel ha his was a i jus ice, which gave hem reaso o dema d i depe de ce from Bri ai .

I 1775, figh i g broke ou be wee ew E gla d mili ia a d Bri ish soldiers. - O July 4, 1776, Co i e al Co gress issued a Declara io of I depe de ce, primarily wri e by homas Jefferso , a farmer a d lawyer from he colo y of Virgi ia. he Declara io described hem as &quo ;free a d i depe de sla es&quo ; a d officially amed hem he U i ed S ales of America. he docume says ha all people are crea ed equal, ha all have he righ o “Life, Liber y, a d he Pursui of Happi ess. -Wi h help from Fra ce, E gla d's old e emy, a d from o her Europea s, he America armies, led by George Washi g o , a surveyor a d ge lema farmer from Virgi ia, wo he War of I depe de ce. he peace rea y sig ed i 1783. HE AMERICA POLI ICAL SYS EM CO S I U IO - Duri g he war, he s a es had agreed o work oge her by se di g represe a ives o a a io al co gress pa er ed af er he &quo ;Co gress of Delega es&quo ; ha co duc ed he war wi h E gla d. I would raise mo ey o pay off deb s of he war, es ablish a mo ey sys em a d deal wi h foreig a io s i maki g rea ies. he agreeme ha se up his pla of coopera io was called he Ar icles of Co federa io . - Ma y America s worried abou he fu ure. How could hey wi he respec of o her a io s if he s a es did o pay heir dep s? How could hey improve . he cou ry by buildi g roads or ca als if he s ales would o work oge her? hey believed ha he Co gress eeded more power. - he pla for he gover me was wri e i very simple la guage i a docume called he Co s i u io of he U i ed Sla es. he Co s i u io se up a federal sys em wi h a s ro g ce ral gover me . A federal sys em is o e i which power is shared be wee a ce ral au hori y a d i s co s i ue par s, wi h some righ s reserved o each. he Co s i u io also called for he elec io of a a io al leader, or preside . - wo mai fears shared by mos America s: o e fear was ha o e perso or group, i cludi g he majori y, migh become oo powerful or be able o seize co rol of he cou ry a d crea e a yra y, a o her fear was ha he ew ce ral gover me migh weake or ake away he power of he s a e gover me s o ru heir ow affairs. o deal wi h his he Co s i u io specified exac ly wha power ce ral gover me had a d which power was reserved for he s a es. - Represe a ives of various s a es o ed ha he Co s i u io did o have a y words guara eei g he freedoms or he basic righ s a d privileges of ci ize s. hough he Co ve io delega es did o hi k i ecessary o i clude such explici guara ees, ma y people fel ha hey eeded fur her wri e pro ec io agai s yra y. So, a &quo ;Bill of Righ s&quo ; was added o he Co s i u io . LEGISLA IVE BRU CH - ca make federal laws, levy federal axes, declare war or pu foreig rea ies i o effec . • he House of Represe a ives: wo-year erms, each member represe s a dis ric i his s a e accordi g o he popula io of i , 435 represe a ives i he U i ed S a es House of Represe a ives. • he Se a e: six-year erms each s a e has wo se a ors, o ly o e- hird of he Se a e is elec ed every wo years, experie ced se a ors i Co gress af er each elec io . - A bill is read, s udied i commi ees, comme ed o a d ame ded i he Se a e or House chamber i which i was i roduced.

I is he vo ed upo . If i passes, i is se o he o her house where a similar procedure occurs. Members of bo h houses work oge her i &quo ;co fere ce commi ees&quo ; if he chambers have passed differe versio s of he same bill. Groups who ry o persuade Co gressme o vo e for or agai s a bill are k ow as &quo ;lobbies&quo ;. Whe bo h houses of Co gress pass a bill o which hey agree, i is se o he preside for his sig a ure. O ly af er i is sig ed does he bill become a law. HE EXECU IVE BRA CH - he chief execu ive is he preside , who is elec ed o a wo-year erm. - he preside , as he chief formula or of public policy, ca ve o (forbid) a y bill passed by Co gress. he ve o ca be overridde by a wo- hirds vo e i bo h he Se a e a d House of Represe a ives. As head of his poli ical par y, wi h ready access o he ews media, he preside ca easily i flue ce public opi io regardi g issues a d legisla io ha he deems vi al. - he preside is comma der i chief of he armed forces. - he major depar me s of he gover me are headed by appoi ed secre aries who collec ively make up he preside 's cabi e . Each appoi me mus be co firmed by a vo e of he Se a e. oday hese 13 depar me s are: S a e, reasury, Defe se, Jus ice, I erior, Agricul ure, Commerce, Labor, Heal h a d Huma Services, Housi g a d Urba Developme , ra spor a io , E ergy a d Educa io . - he preside is primarily respo sible for foreig rela io s wi h o her a io s. he preside of e represe s he U i ed S a es abroad i co sul a io s wi h o her heads of s a e, a d, hrough his officials, he ego ia es rea ies wi h over cou ries. Such rea ies mus be approved by a wo- hirds vo e of he Se a e. Preside s also ego ia e wi h o her a io s less formal &quo ;execu ive agreeme s&quo ; ha are o subjec o Se a e approval. HE JUDICIAL BRA CH - he judicial bra ch is headed by he Supreme Cour , which is he o ly cour specifically crea ed by he Co s i u io . I addi io , he Co gress has es ablished 11 federal cour s of appeal a d, below hem, 91 federal dis ric cour s. Federal judges are appoi ed for life or volu ary re ireme , a d ca o ly be removed from office hrough he process of impeachme a d rial i he Co gress. - Federal cour s have jurisdic io over cases arisi g ou of he Co s i u io : laws a d rea ies of he U i ed S a es: mari ime cases; issues i volvi g foreig ci ize s or gover me s; a d cases i which he federal gover me i self is a par y. - he Supreme Cour oday co sis s of a chief jus ice a d eigh associa e jus ices. he Cour 's mos impor a fu c io co sis s of de ermi i g whe her co gressio al legisla io or execu ive ac io viola es he Co s i u io . his power of judicial review is o specifically provided for by he Co s i u io . CHECKS A D BALA CES • If Co gress proposes a law ha he preside hi ks is u wise, he preside ca ve o i . ha mea s he proposal does o become law. Co gress ca e ac he law despi e he preside 's views o ly if wo- hirds of he members of bo h houses vo e i favor of i . • If Co gress passes a law which is he challe ged i he cour s as u co s i u io al. he Supreme Cour has he power o declare he law u co s i u io al a d herefore o lo ger i effec .

Fukuyama, «The End of History and the LastMan», p. XVIII. 15. Из современных работ по демократическому миру см.: Michael W. Doyle, «Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs», Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 12, nos. 3 and 4 (Summer and Fall 1983), p. 205235, p. 323353; Bruce M. Russett, «Grasping the Democratic Peace: Principles for a PostCold War World» (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993); «Debating the Democratic Peace», ed. Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Steven E. Miller (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1996); and «Paths to Peace: Is Democracy the Answer?» ed. Miriam Fendius Elman (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1997). 16. Fukuyama, «The End of History and the Last Man», p. XX. 17. Ibid., p. 276. 18. Fukuyama, «The End of History?» p. 18. 19. Francis Fukuyama, «SecondThoughts: The Last Man in a Bottle», National Interest, no. 56 (Summer 1999), p. 1633. 20. Mearsheimer, «Back to the Future», p. 142. Хотя Миршеймер, составляя карту мира после «холодной войны», изначально рассматривал только Европу, впоследствии он включил в рассмотрение и Восточную Азию («The Tragedy of Great Power Politics», New York: Norton, 2001)

1. History of the USA

2. Cities of the USA

3. Flora and Fauna of the USA

4. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

5. Апокатастасис и "Благое молчание" в эсхатологии св. Максима исповедника (Apokatastasis and «Honorable silence» in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)

6. What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?
What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?
7. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements
Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements
8. Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England
Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England

9. Some problems of borrowing in the Russian language

10. General concepts of democracy

11. The manager as a teacher: selected aspects of stimulation of scientsfsc thinking

12. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA

13. Education in the USA

14. Internal Structure of a Proton and New Method of Receiving of Energy

15. Sports in the USA

16. Holidays in Russia, Britain and the USA

Набор для составления букета из мягких игрушек "LOVE", 3 зайки.
Яркий и нестандартный подарок - букет из мягких игрушек вызовет восторг у всех, независимо от возраста и положения. К тому же, этот букет
496 руб
Раздел: Дизайнерские игрушки
Именная кружка с надписью "Любимая бабушка".
Предлагаем вашему вниманию готовое решения для подарка по любому поводу – именная кружка. Кружка изготовлена из керамики, в нежной
434 руб
Раздел: Кружки
Ящик с крышкой Darel Box на колесах, 61x40x31 см.
Универсальные и герметичные боксы идеально подходят для хранения меха, одежды и домашнего текстиля. Герметичность конструкции обеспечивает
652 руб
Раздел: Более 10 литров

17. Facilities of placing of tourists

18. System of education of Great Britain

19. School education in the USA

20. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)

21. The History of English

22. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)
23. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
24. The history of Australia
The history of Australia

25. The History of Moscow

26. The cities of USA

27. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

28. The history of Ancient Egypt

29. A (Very) Brief History of the English Language

30. The history of English

31. The history of grammar theory

32. The history of Moscow

Письменные принадлежности "Набор первоклассника", 28 предметов.
В наборе: акварель, альбом для рисования, блокнот, доска для лепки, 2 карандаша чернографитных, карандаши цветные, картон цветной формата
551 руб
Раздел: Наборы канцелярские
Банка для сыпучих продуктов "Лавандовый букет", 9,5x13 см, 500 мл.
Банка для сыпучих продуктов прекрасно впишется в кухонный интерьер. Материал: доломит. Объем: 500 мл. Размер: 9,5x13 см.
307 руб
Раздел: Керамические
Циркуль металлический "Stop System" с грифелем 2 мм.
Эксклюзивная инновация. Кронцепция Stop System фиксирует штанги циркуля в нужном положении, предотвращая их нежелательное смещение, и
357 руб
Раздел: Циркули, чертежные инструменты

33. The War of the Roses: the Historical Facts of the Tudor Myth (Shakespeare’s Histories)

34. The Tower of London

35. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

36. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

37. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

38. The Church of England
The Church of England
39. History of runic alphabets
History of runic alphabets
40. Jealousy as the cause of internal self-destruction in "Kreutzer Sonata" by Leo Tolstoy (Ревность как причина внутреннего самоуничтожения в "Крейцеровой сонате" Льва Толстого)

41. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

42. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

43. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

44. The Castles of England

45. The fastest computers of the world

46. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)

47. The Tower of London

48. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

Фломастеры "631", 50 цветов.
Яркие фломастеры с коническим наконечником диаметром 5 мм, можно использовать для рисования тонких линий 0,75 мм или более толстых до 3
658 руб
Раздел: Более 24 цветов
Карандаши цветные "Colorino", двухсторонние, 48 цветов.
Карандаши для рисования. В наборе: 24 разноцветных, двусторонних карандашей (48 цветов). Мягкие, но при этом очень прочные карандаши,
455 руб
Раздел: Более 24 цветов
Бумага для струйных принтеров "Lomond", 140 г/м, 100 листов, матовая, односторонняя, А4.
Изображение отпечатанное на матовой бумаге, не бликует, линии высококонтрастные, чистые тона имеют характерную бархатистую
375 руб
Раздел: Фотобумага для цветной печати

49. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

50. The New-York City, Places of interest

51. The profile of an effective manager

52. The Tower of London

53. The Hero of Our Time

54. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
55. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”
56. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia
The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

57. Ways of exploring the world

58. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

59. Реферат перевода с английского языка из книги “A History of England” by Keith Feiling

60. The fastest computers of the world

61. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

62. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

63. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

64. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

Шторка антимоскитная "Кружево" с магнитными замками.
Размеры: 100х220 см. Препятствует проникновению насекомых. Не нарушает естественную циркуляцию воздуха. Подходит для любых типов дверных
424 руб
Раздел: Сетки противомоскитные
Игра "Зообильярд".
Главное достоинство этой игры в том, что в неё могут играть все от мала до велика. Причём не просто играть, а получать удовольствие от
1019 руб
Раздел: Игры на ловкость
Детский бинокль ночного видения "Секретный агент".
Каждый ребенок знаком с героями фильмов, мультфильмов и комиксов, выполняющими секретные задания. И, безусловно, у каждого суперагента
342 руб
Раздел: Шпионские штучки

65. The profile of an effective manager

66. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

67. The Taming of the Shrew

68. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

69. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada

70. The City of London and its role as a financial centre
The City of London and its role as a financial centre
71. Переведенная на английский лекция по теме Money and banking (деньги и банковское дело), the role of banks (роль банков), modern banking (современная банковская система)
72. A role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society
A role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society

73. London - the capital of Great Britain

74. Review of Bill Gates’s book ”Business @ the Speed of Thought”

75. THE Growing Influence of English Mass Culture

76. The United States Of America

77. The uniqueness of the British

78. Capitals of USA

79. The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease

80. The library of our institute

Поильник в комплекте с трубочкой "Малышарики", от 6 месяцев, 360 мл.
Поильник с трубочкой идеально подойдет для подросшего Малыша. Поильник удобно брать с собой на прогулку или в гости. Мягкая силиконовая
381 руб
Раздел: Поильники, непроливайки
Полотенце вафельное "Сластена полосатка", банное, пляжное, 100х150 см.
Вафельное полотенце "Сластена полосатка". Легкое и практичное полотенце удобно использовать на пляже, в бане и в бассейне.
304 руб
Раздел: Большие, ширина свыше 40 см
Средство для мытья посуды Finish "All in 1 Max", в посудомоечных машинах таблетки, 65 штук.
Таблетки идеальны для использования на коротких циклах - таблетки быстро растворяются. Таблетки не нужно разворачивать! Специальные
880 руб
Раздел: Для посудомоечных машин

81. The commonwealth of Australia

82. The Commonwealth of Australia

83. History of Basketball

84. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

85. The pride of the nation

86. The political system of Great Britain
The political system of Great Britain
87. The constitution of Ukraine
The constitution of Ukraine
88. Eyck, Jan van: The Adoration of the Lamb
Eyck, Jan van: The Adoration of the Lamb

89. Art of the Edo Period

90. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

91. Internet helps in development of education and democracy

92. Dawn of the digital information era

93. Historical Background of the Middle English Period

94. Lexicology of the English Language

95. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

96. The Snows of Mars

Набор цветных карандашей Trio, 12 цветов.
Тонкий карандаш с трехгранной формой корпуса. Грифель 2,5 мм. 12 цветов.
443 руб
Раздел: 7-12 цветов
Домик игровой с забором.
Дом предназначен для игры на свежем воздухе. Замечательный домик высокого качества, будет радовать ваших детей и вас на вашем садовом
10536 руб
Раздел: Домики и комплексы
Стиральный порошок с ферментами "Top Home", 900 г.
Порошок устраняет самые трудновыводимые и застарелые пищевые и технические пятна и убивает бактерии, делая белье идеально чистым.
353 руб
Раздел: Стиральные порошки

97. The political role of Great Britain in modern world

98. The war of the roses

99. History of runes

Поиск Рефератов на сайте za4eti.ru Вы студент, и у Вас нет времени на выполнение письменных работ (рефератов, курсовых и дипломов)? Мы сможем Вам в этом помочь. Возможно, Вам подойдет что-то из ПЕРЕЧНЯ ПРЕДМЕТОВ И ДИСЦИПЛИН, ПО КОТОРЫМ ВЫПОЛНЯЮТСЯ РЕФЕРАТЫ, КУРСОВЫЕ И ДИПЛОМНЫЕ РАБОТЫ. 
Вы можете поискать нужную Вам работу в КОЛЛЕКЦИИ ГОТОВЫХ РЕФЕРАТОВ, КУРСОВЫХ И ДИПЛОМНЫХ РАБОТ, выполненных преподавателями московских ВУЗов за период более чем 10-летней работы. Эти работы Вы можете бесплатно СКАЧАТЬ.