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Culture of the youth

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- Wha is implied u der cul ure? - Cul ure is k ow o have ma y mea i gs. O e of hem refers o he spiri ual a d ma erial achieveme s of huma i y. O he whole i is possible o dis i guish hree ki ds of cul ure. hey are eli e cul ure, folk cul ure a d popular cul ure. hese cul ures are closely co ec ed wi h o e a o her a d o e cul ure is par of he o hers. Eli e cul ure is a highly developed sphere, i is comprised of pai i g, sculp ure, archi ec ure, li era ure, music. Folk cul ure is he cul ure of everyday life a d rou i e rela io s of social life. Folk cul ure co sis s of radi io al k owledge a d prac ice. I is like a habi of people, hus his cul ure does o cha ge very quickly Popular cul ure is mass cul ure. I is a professio ally orga ized sphere ha works for a large mass of people. Popular cul ure gives people, especially you g, s a dards o be wha hey like. - Wha ca you say abou he cul ure of he you h? - oday he life of ma y you g people i Russia as well as i o her cou ries of he world is i flue ced by popular cul ure. he you h follow cer ai s ereo ypes ha are imposed o hem hrough V, movies, a d music. I heir lifes yles hey ry o imi a e he images of heir idols. O her you g people are spor s a d music fa s. hey freque s adiums a d huge co cer halls. hey follow heir idols i heir ours hroughou he cou ry a d suppor hem. U for u a ely hey are i olera o hose who do o share heir view. I is a specific aspec of he you h sub-cul ure ha ca o be ig ored. - Do ma y you g people follow his pa er ? - o, hey do ' . Ma y you g people have o her i eres s. For some of hem ge i g k owledge is of primary impor a ce. hey are fo d of readi g serious books, lis e i g o serious music. hey go o he co serva ory a d hea res. hey are e gaged i Hi- ech hrough he I er e . - Wha do you a d your frie ds prefer? - We prefer music. I plays a very impor a par i he life of you g me . as es differ, a d he music sce e is cha gi g. You g people like differe ki ds of music. Some like disco music hey ca da ce o. Some like loud, heavy rock music. Some like he popular reggae sou d. Some like Sou h America rhy hm. Ma y of hem are fo d of jazz. Mado a a d Bruce Sprigs ee from he USA a d George Michael from Bri ai also have huge umbers of fa s. As for me, my frie ds a d I e joy Cel ic folk music. My favouri e groups ha perform Cel ic music are "Chief ai s" a d "River da ce". - Is Cel ic folk music popular i Russia? - Yes, i is. I is very popular. For example, S . Pa rick's Day, he major Irish holiday, is celebra ed hroughou Moscow. You ca hear Cel ic music everywhere o his day. I should be said ha fes ivals of Irish music are regularly held i Russia, hos i g groups performi g Cel ic music from Irela d, Grea Bri ai , he USA a d Russia. - Do you mea ha here are groups i Russia ha play Cel ic music? - Yes, here are. I such groups as "Slua Si", "Pucke ' Piper", a d "Reelroads" Russia you g me perform Irish a d Sco ish music. - Wha ca you say abou Russia rock music? - I am o a fa of Russia rock. Bu here are a lo of rock musicia s i our cou ry. Such groups as "Alisa", "DD " a d "Mumiy roll" are very popular amo g Russia you g people.

I is i eres i g o o e ha ma y you g people s ill lis e o he music of he groups ha do o exis a y more. I mea "Ki o" a d " au ilus Pompilius". - Wha books do Russia you g people read? - Ma y you g people are fo d of s ories a d ovels wri e by Vic or Pelevi a d Boris Aku i . heir works are examples of such li erary re ds as pos moder ism a d pos Co s ruc ivism. Besides, ma y you g people like o read scie ce fic io li era ure. he ovels by he S rougu skys's are bes read eve oday. Amo g he you g scie ce fic io wri ers he ovels by Serge Lukja e ko are very popular. A lo of you g people are fo d of are scie ce fic io a d fa asy. - Why are scie ce fic io a d fa asy so popular i Russia? - hese li erary re ds are poplar o o ly i Russia bu all over he world. he bes read foreig fa asy wri er is J.R.R. olkie . His books really ushered i a ew era i li era ure. J.R.R. olkie wo fame due o his origi al epic rilogy " he Lord of he Ri gs". his ou s a di g work by he mid-1960s became a sociocul ural phe ome o . While worki g o his rilogy J.R.R. olkie crea ed " he Hobbi " which was a i roduc io o i . Bo h " he Hobbi " a d " he Lord of he Ri gs" are se i a my hical pas . " he Lord of he Ri gs" chro icles he s ruggle be wee various good a d evil ki gdoms for possessio of a magical ri g ha ca shif he bala ce of power i he world. he rilogy is remarkable for i s fa asy ypes - elves, dwarves, hobbi s - a d i s sus ai ed imagi a ive s ory elli g. I is regarded as a rare, successful moder versio of he heroic epic. - Do you k ow a y hi g abou urba sub-cul ures of he you h? - I is ge erally held ha sub-cul ure is he cul ure of hose who are dissa isfied wi h heir place i socie y. O he whole eds, Mods, Rockers, Bikers, Ski heads a d Pu ks are he sub-cul ures of he poli ically or eco omically weak segme s of he socie y. - Wha do rece sub-cul ures pro es agai s ? - As is k ow , rece sub-cul ures reflec a refusal o co form i pos -1945 socie y. For example, he sub-cul ure of Ras afairia s was based o os algia for a los world. hey idealized Africa. - Who were Ras afairia s? - Ras afairia s were Afro-Caribbea immigra s i Bri ai . hey dreamed of golde age i Africa before he slave raders came. hey viewed Bri ai as par of he Biblical 'Babylo ', he la d of slavery, a d Africa especially E hiopia as he 'Promised La d'. hese Ras afairia s bega o wear dis i c ive clo hes, camouflage jacke s, large ha s i he red, gold a d gree colours of E hiopia a d pu heir lo g, u cu hair i 'dreadlocks'. hey ook o speaki g i a special 'pa ois' or dialec . Ras afairia s were defia u il hey became a recog ized a d legi ima e mi ori y group i Grea Bri ai a he e d of he 1980s. - Wha made he grea es impac o he developme of urba sub-cul ures? - Black music which came o Bri ai hrough he Ras afairia s made i s impac o urba sub-cul ures. Such ypes as ska, reggae a d 'Hip-hop' evolved i he Caribbea a d he U i ed S a es, developed i Bri ai duri g he 1970s, came o Russia i he 1990s I Bri ai reggae music is held as powerful expressio of disside s. I our cou ry reggae is he music of he ee agers.

Ma y sub-cul ures developed as a resul of music fusio of black a d whi e cul ures. - Ca you give a example of such fusio ? - Ski heads developed i he 1970s i E gla d ou of a older cul , he Mods. hey imi a ed black ma erism a d fashio a d da ced o reggae. A he same ime he whi e ee agers who loved he music a d copied he clo hes of he Afro-Asia immigra s were viole o hem. hey wore heavy boo s, jea s a d braces, a d shave heir hair or cu i very shor . hey aggressively sough o recover a crude worki g-class ide i y which heir pare s' ge era io had largely aba do ed. I he mai , Ski heads dreamed abou he revival of he radi io al worki g-class cul ure. ow his moveme is i decli e i Bri ai bu i flourishes i Eas Europea cou ries a d Russia. he Ski heads i Grea Bri ai were ide ified wi h ex reme righ wi g views. - Wha ca you say abou Hippies? - Hippies belo ged o he opposi g you g people of he la e 1960s. heir forms of pro es correspo ded o he s a dards of heir co empora eous socie y. Comi g agai s he war i Vie am he you g America s, who associa ed hemselves wi h Hippies, es ablished heir commu es. he moveme spread hroughou Europe. Hippies led a primi ive life i heir ow cou ries a d he moved o he Eas . hey rebelled agai s he values of heir socie y. heir idol was J.R.R. olkie , who crea ed he fairy ale of he we ie h ce ury. His epic rilogy " he Lord of he Ri gs" became he guideli es for Hippies. - Wha do you k ow abou Pu ks? - As far as I k ow, Pu ks appeared i Bri ai i he 1970s as a reac io o he glamour of he pop s ar world of he 1960s. Pu ks, like he Ski heads, are regressive, bu i ac ive a d poli ically i differe . heir real a rac io o he you g has bee heir abili y o i sul middle-aged opi io , especially amo g he guardia s of social values. hey have do e i by usi g vulgar la guage, wearyi g gree a d pi k hair, dressi g i or clo hes, mu ila i g heir bodies wi h safe y pi s. ow Pu ks are i decli e i Bri ai bu are popular i our cou ry. Pu ks, Ski heads a d Ras afairia s, each i heir ow way asser ed ha hey resided i a world, as hey u ders ood i , alie a ed by class a d race. Ge erally hey were you g people wi h low self-respec , who did poorly a school. Joi i g a ga g was a mea s of fi di g a s a us. hey opposed he radi io al world i which hey were se led as fiasco eleme s. - Are here o her cul s wi hi urba sub-cul ure? - Yes, here are. "Heavy me al" is o e of hem. his music of failure is widely despised by hose who e joy pop, reggae or soul. U like o her rebel cul s he followers of heavy me al behave hem selves as vic ims. hey wear go hic scrip a d gri i g sculls, expressio of dishear e ed i eres s. I is k ow ha cul s arise a d disappear over periods of a decade or wo. Ragga a d Go hic arose i he 1980s. Raggas are America -i spired. hey are clo hed i baseball caps, racksui s rousers a d chu ky rai ers. Go hic is a ble d of 1970s Pu k a d 1960s Hippies. "Go hs" wear heir hair very lo g a d dyed black, a d dress i cheap, loose clo hes. hey pu o make-up, looki g very pale wi h cosme ics arou d he eyes. hey are o aggressive, a d seem o feel os algia for he you h cul ure a d music of he 1960s.

Science, Philosophy and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987. Greene, D. "Male and Female in The Snail on the Slope by the Strugatsky Brothers." // Modern Fiction Studies 32, no. 1 (Spring 1986): 97-107. Heisserbuttel, H. "Spielregein des Kriminalromans." // Trivialliteratur, 162-175. Berlin: Schmidt-Henkel, 1964. Holquist, M. "The Philosophical Bases of Soviet Space Exploraion" // The Key Reporter 51, no. 2 (Winter 1985-6). Jameson, F. "Generic Discontinuities in Science Fiction: Brian Aldiss' Starship." // Science Fiction Studies 1: 1973. Jonas, H. The Gnostic Religion. Sd ed. Boston: Beacon Press, 1963. Каганская М. "Роковые яйца (Раздумья о научной фантастике вообще и братьях Стругацких в особенности)" // Двадцать два. №№ 43, 44, 55. - 1985-7. Канчуков Е. "Детство в прозе Стругацких" // Детская литература, 57, № 3 (1988): 29-33. Ляпунов Б. В мире фантастики. - М. 1975. Lieu, S. N. C. Manichaeism in the later Roman Empire and Medieval China: a historical survey. Manchester and Dover, N.H.: Manchester University Press, 1985. Lotman, Iu. M. and Uspenskii, B. A. "Binary Models in the Dynamics of Russian Culture." // The Semiotics of Russian Cultural History

1. Problems of the youth (friendship, love, conflicts)

2. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

3. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

4. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

5. My modern image of the United States

6. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
7. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
8. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry
Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

9. The Queen of the UK

10. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

11. The fastest computers of the world

12. Dark side of the monn - Жизнь после смерти

13. Финансовые инструменты ("Financial Instruments. Teaching materials of the course")

14. The Taming of the Shrew

15. History of the USA

16. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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17. Discovery of the New World

18. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

19. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements

20. Washington is the capital of the USA

21. The pride of the nation

22. Eyck, Jan van: The Adoration of the Lamb
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23. The main fault of The 70s or the years of “might-have-been hopes”
24. Dawn of the digital information era
Dawn of the digital information era

25. History of democracy of the USA

26. Lexicology of the English Language

27. Survival of the Welsh Language

28. The war of the roses

29. A Brief History of the Internet and Related Networks

30. American Poetry of the Seventeenth Century as a Reflection of Puritan’s Character

31. Prominent People of the Belarus

32. Some problems of the russian spelling

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33. American Literature: An Overview Of The Development From The 17th To The 20th Centu-ries

34. Valley of the Kings

35. Establishment of the Federal judicial system

36. The development of the drama. The theatres and actors

37. Famous journalist of the English-speaking country. Benjamin Franklin

38. Relief of the UK
Relief of the UK
39. Why the crystal structure of the element is such lattice but not another?
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40. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art
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41. Islam in the eyes of the West

42. The political method of the International Socialist Organisation

43. Drug trafficking - a global challenge of the XXI century

44. Перевод реферата "Acquaintance with geometry as one of the main goals of teaching mathematics to preschool children"

45. Changes and specimens of the English language

46. Constellations of the star sky

47. Emblems of the UK

48. Reminiscences of Janet A. Mattei, former director of the American Associations of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO)

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49. Social structure of the society

50. Stylistic analysis of the part of the novel "Rebecca" by Daphne Du Maurier

51. The emergence of the first Polish socialist parties

52. The Heraldic Symbolism of the Unicorn on the British Coat-of-Arms

53. The marking of the Russian Revolution

54. The origins of the International Socialists
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55. The philosophy should meet the challenge of the new millennium
The philosophy should meet the challenge of the new millennium
56. The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places"

57. The theoretical basis for the international trade. The modern trends of the international trade development

58. Historical measurement of the science of governing

59. Stylistic phonetics based on the examples of the works by P.B. Shelley

60. Intellectual history of the Europe

61. The impact of the French Revolution on the European system

62. The Radicalism of the American Revolution

63. The Tax System of the United States

64. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

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65. The Concept of Youth Subcultures

66. The Participation of American and British Youth in Political Life of Their Countries.

67. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in “Cicer arietinum”

68. The Economy of Great Britain

69. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

70. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)
71. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns
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72. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements
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73. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

74. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

75. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)

76. The Tower of London

77. Поиск культурных корней Американцев (Looking for cultural roots of Americans)

78. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

79. The New-York City, Places of interest

80. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

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81. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

82. The history of Old English and its development

83. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

84. The house of my dream

85. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

86. The role of art in our life
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87. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)
88. Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service Profiles
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89. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

90. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

91. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

92. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

93. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

94. The practice of modern medicine


96. The City of London and its role as a financial centre

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97. The United States of America

98. London - the capital of Great Britain

99. The History of Moscow

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