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American Literature: An Overview Of The Development From The 17th To The 20th Centu-ries

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350 руб
Раздел: Ночники

Like o her a io al li era ures, America li era ure was shaped by he his ory of he cou ry ha produced i . For almos a ce ury a d a half, America was merely a group of colo ies sca ered alo g he eas er seaboard of he or h America co i e --colo ies from which a few hardy souls e a ively ve ured wes ward. Af er a successful rebellio agai s he mo herla d, America became he U i ed S a es, a a io . By he e d of he 19 h ce ury his a io ex e ded sou hward o he Gulf of Mexico, or hward o he 49 h parallel, a d wes ward o he Pacific. By he e d of he 19 h ce ury, oo, i had ake i s place amo g he powers of he world--i s for u es so i errela ed wi h hose of o her a io s ha i evi ably i became i volved i wo world wars a d, followi g hese co flic s, wi h he problems of Europe a d Eas Asia. Mea while, he rise of scie ce a d i dus ry, as well as cha ges i ways of hi ki g a d feeli g, wrough ma y modifica io s i people's lives. All hese fac ors i he developme of he U i ed S a es molded he li era ure of he cou ry. he 17 h ce ury America li era ure a firs was a urally a colo ial li era ure, by au hors who were E glishme a d who hough a d wro e as such. Joh Smi h, a soldier of for u e, is credi ed wi h i i ia i g America li era ure. His chief books i cluded A rue Rela io of . . . Virgi ia . . . (1608) a d he ge erall His orie of Virgi ia, ew E gla d, a d he Summer Isles (1624). Al hough hese volumes of e glorified heir au hor, hey were avowedly wri e o explai colo izi g oppor u i ies o E glishme . I ime, each colo y was similarly described: Da iel De o 's Brief Descrip io of ew York (1670), William Pe 's Brief Accou of he Provi ce of Pe sylva ia (1682), a d homas Ashe's Caroli a (1682) were o ly a few of ma y works praisi g America as a la d of eco omic promise.Such wri ers ack owledged Bri ish allegia ce, bu o hers s ressed he differe ces of opi io ha spurred he colo is s o leave heir homela d. More impor a , hey argued ques io s of gover me i volvi g he rela io ship be wee church a d s a e. he a i ude ha mos au hors a acked was jau ily se for h by a ha iel Ward of Massachuse s Bay i he Simple Cobler of Aggawam i America (1647). Ward amusi gly defe ded he s a us quo a d railed a colo is s who spo sored ewfa gled o io s. A varie y of cou erargume s o such a co serva ive view were published. Joh Wi hrop's Jour al (wri e 1630-49) old sympa he ically of he a emp of Massachuse s Bay Colo y o form a heocracy--a s a e wi h God a i s head a d wi h i s laws based upo he Bible. La er defe ders of he heocra ic ideal were I crease Ma her a d his so Co o . William Bradford's His ory of Plymou h Pla a io ( hrough 1646) showed how his pilgrim Separa is s broke comple ely wi h A glica ism. Eve more radical ha Bradford was Roger Williams, who, i a series of co roversial pamphle s, advoca ed o o ly he separa io of church a d s a e bu also he ves i g of power i he people a d he olera ce of differe religious beliefs. he u ili aria wri i gs of he 17 h ce ury i cluded biographies, rea ises, accou s of voyages, a d sermo s. here were few achieveme s i drama or fic io , si ce here was a widespread prejudice agai s hese forms.

Bad bu popular poe ry appeared i he Bay Psalm Book of 1640 a d i Michael Wiggleswor h's summary i doggerel verse of Calvi is ic belief, he Day of Doom (1662). here was some poe ry, a leas , of a higher order. A e Brads ree of Massachuse s wro e some lyrics published i he e h Muse (1650), which movi gly co veyed her feeli gs co cer i g religio a d her family. Ra ked s ill higher by moder cri ics is a poe whose works were o discovered a d published u il 1939: Edward aylor, a E glish-bor mi is er a d physicia who lived i Bos o a d Wes field, Massachuse s. Less ouched by gloom ha he ypical Puri a , aylor wro e lyrics ha showed his deligh i Chris ia belief a d experie ce.All 17 h-ce ury America wri i gs were i he ma er of Bri ish wri i gs of he same period. Joh Smi h wro e i he radi io of geographic li era ure, Bradford echoed he cade ces of he Ki g James Bible, while he Ma hers a d Roger Williams wro e bejeweled prose ypical of he day. A e Brads ree 's poe ic s yle derived from a lo g li e of Bri ish poe s, i cludi g Spe ser a d Sid ey, while aylor was i he radi io of such Me aphysical poe s as George Herber a d Joh Do e. Bo h he co e a d form of he li era ure of his firs ce ury i America were hus markedly E glish. he 18 h ce ury I America i he early years of he 18 h ce ury, some wri ers, such as Co o Ma her, carried o he older radi io s. His huge his ory a d biography of Puri a ew E gla d, Mag alia Chris i America a, i 1702, a d his vigorous Ma uduc io ad Mi is erium, or i roduc io o he mi is ry, i 1726, were defe ses of a cie Puri a co vic io s. Jo a ha Edwards, i i ia or of he Grea Awake i g, a religious revival ha s irred he eas er seacoas for ma y years, eloque ly defe ded his bur i g belief i Calvi is ic doc ri e--of he co cep ha ma , bor o ally depraved, could a ai vir ue a d salva io o ly hrough God's grace--i his powerful sermo s a d mos o ably i he philosophical rea ise Freedom of Will (1754). He suppor ed his claims by rela i g hem o a complex me aphysical sys em a d by reaso i g brillia ly i clear a d of e beau iful prose.Bu Ma her a d Edwards were defe di g a doomed cause. Liberal ew E gla d mi is ers such as Joh Wise a d Jo a ha Mayhew moved oward a less rigid religio . Samuel Sewall heralded o her cha ges i his amusi g Diary, coveri g he years 1673-1729. hough si cerely religious, he showed i daily records how commercial life i ew E gla d replaced rigid Puri a ism wi h more worldly a i udes. he Jour al of Mme Sara K igh comically de ailed a jour ey ha lady ook o ew York i 1704. She wro e vividly of wha she saw a d comme ed upo i from he s a dpoi of a or hodox believer, bu a quali y of levi y i her wi y wri i gs showed ha she was much less ferve ha he Pilgrim fou ders had bee . I he Sou h, William Byrd of Virgi ia, a aris ocra ic pla a io ow er, co ras ed sharply wi h gloomier predecessors. His record of a surveyi g rip i 1728, he His ory of he Dividi g Li e, a d his accou of a visi o his fro ier proper ies i 1733, A Jour ey o he La d of Ede , were his chief works. Years i E gla d, o he Co i e , a d amo g he ge ry of he Sou h had crea ed gaie y a d grace of expressio , a d, al hough a devou A glica , Byrd was as playful as he Res ora io wi s whose works he clearly admired.

he wre ch of he America Revolu io emphasized differe ces ha had bee growi g be wee America a d Bri ish poli ical co cep s. As he colo is s moved o he belief ha rebellio was i evi able, fough he bi er war, a d worked o fou d he ew a io 's gover me , hey were i flue ced by a umber of very effec ive poli ical wri ers, such as Samuel Adams a d Joh Dicki so , bo h of whom favoured he colo is s, a d Loyalis Joseph Galloway. Bu wo figures loomed above hese--Be jami Fra kli a d homas Pai e.Fra kli , bor i 1706, had s ar ed o publish his wri i gs i his bro her's ewspaper, he ew E gla d Coura , as early as 1722. his ewspaper champio ed he cause of he "Lea her Apro " ma a d he farmer a d appealed by usi g easily u ders ood la guage a d prac ical argume s. he idea ha commo se se was a good guide was clear i bo h he popular Poor Richard's alma ac, which Fra kli edi ed be wee 1732 a d 1757 a d filled wi h prude a d wi y aphorisms purpor edly wri e by u educa ed bu experie ced Richard Sau ders, a d i he au hor's Au obiography, wri e be wee 1771 a d 1788, a record of his rise from humble circums a ces ha offered worldly wise sugges io s for fu ure success.Fra kli 's self-a ai ed cul ure, deep a d wide, gave subs a ce a d skill o varied ar icles, pamphle s, a d repor s ha he wro e co cer i g he dispu e wi h Grea Bri ai , ma y of hem ex remely effec ive i s a i g a d shapi g he colo is s' cause. homas Pai e we from his a ive E gla d o Philadelphia a d became a magazi e edi or a d he , abou 14 mo hs la er, he mos effec ive propaga dis for he colo ial cause. His pamphle "Commo Se se" (Ja uary 1776) did much o i flue ce he colo is s o declare heir i depe de ce. " he America Crisis" papers (December 1776-December 1783) spurred America s o figh o hrough he blackes years of he war. Based upo Pai e's simple deis ic beliefs, hey showed he co flic as a s irri g melodrama wi h he a gelic colo is s agai s he forces of evil. Such whi e a d black pic uri gs were highly effec ive propaga da. A o her reaso for Pai e's success was his poe ic fervour, which fou d expressio i impassio ed words a d phrases lo g o be remembered a d quo ed. he 19 h ce ury Early 19 h-ce ury li era ure Af er he America Revolu io , a d i creasi gly af er he War of 1812, America wri ers were exhor ed o produce a li era ure ha was ruly a ive. As if i respo se, four au hors of very respec able s a ure appeared. William Culle Brya , Washi g o Irvi g, James Fe imore Cooper, a d Edgar Alla Poe i i ia ed a grea half ce ury of li erary developme .Brya , a ew E gla der by bir h, a rac ed a e io i his 23rd year whe he firs versio of his poem " ha a opsis" (1817) appeared. his, as well as some la er poems, was wri e u der he i flue ce of E glish 18 h-ce ury poe s. S ill la er, however, u der he i flue ce of Wordswor h a d o her Roma ics, he wro e a ure lyrics ha vividly represe ed he ew E gla d sce e. ur i g o jour alism, he had a lo g career as a figh i g liberal edi or of he Eve i g Pos . He himself was overshadowed, i re ow a leas , by a a ive-bor ew Yorker, Washi g o Irvi g.Irvi g, you ges member of a prosperous mercha family, joi ed wi h ebullie you g me of he ow i produci g he Salmagu di papers (1807-08), which ook off he foibles of Ma ha a 's ci ize ry.

Isaac Asimov Of Time and Space and Other Things Introduction As we trace the development of man over the ages, it seems in many respects a tale of glory and victory; of the develop ment of the brain; of the discovery of fire; of the building of cities and of civilizations; of the triumph of reason; of the fimng of the Earth and of the reaching out to sea and space. But increasing knowledge leads not to conquest only, but to utter defeat as well, for one learns not only of new po tentialities, but also of new limitations. An explorer may discover a new continent, but he may also stumble over the world's end. And it is so with mankind. We are distinguished from all other living species by our power over the inanimate universe; and we are distinguished from them also by our abject defeat by the inanimate universe, for we alone have learned of defeat. Consider that no other species (as far as we know) can possess our concept of time. An animal may remember, but surely it can have no notion of "past" and certainly not of "future." No non-human creature lives in anything but the present moment

1. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

2. The development of computers in the USA

3. The development of the drama. The theatres and actors

4. History of American Literature

5. Short Overview of African Countries

6. American Literature books summary
American Literature books summary
7. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”
8. The economy of KOREA - Looking Ahead to the 21st Century
The economy of KOREA - Looking Ahead to the 21st Century

9. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

10. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

11. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

12. The profile of an effective manager

13. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)


15. Ecological problems in big cities, particular in Moscow. How can a contradiction between the technological progress and ecology be solved from my point of view?

16. American Poetry of the Seventeenth Century as a Reflection of Puritan’s Character

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Раздел: Без наполнения
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Раздел: Кружки

17. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

18. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

19. Reminiscences of Janet A. Mattei, former director of the American Associations of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO)

20. The theoretical basis for the international trade. The modern trends of the international trade development

21. The Tower of London

22. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
23. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.
The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.
24. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)

25. The Church of England

26. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

27. Pogroms in Azerbaijan and Armenia of 1988-89 As Historical Echo of the 1915 Armenian Genocide (Погромы в Азербайджане и Армении 1988-89 как историческое эхо 1915 Армянского Геноцида)

28. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

29. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

30. How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/

31. My modern image of the United States

32. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society

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Раздел: Короба, чехлы для обуви
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Раздел: Перчатки
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1448 руб
Раздел: Обычные

33. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers

34. The role of art in our life

35. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points

36. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

37. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

38. The History of English
The History of English
39. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)
40. The Tower of London
The Tower of London

41. The Hero of Our Time

42. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

43. The house of my dream

44. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

45. Ways of exploring the world

46. The role of art in our life

47. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

48. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

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Раздел: Акварельные
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324 руб
Раздел: Ростомеры
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2452 руб
Раздел: Шкатулки для рукоделия

49. The fastest computers of the world

50. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

51. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

52. Апокатастасис и "Благое молчание" в эсхатологии св. Максима исповедника (Apokatastasis and «Honorable silence» in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)

53. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

54. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China
Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China
55. The history of Australia
The history of Australia
56. Мальтийский еврей (The Jew of Malta)

57. The practice of modern medicine

58. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada

59. The City of London and its role as a financial centre

60. Переведенная на английский лекция по теме Money and banking (деньги и банковское дело), the role of banks (роль банков), modern banking (современная банковская система)

61. A role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society

62. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

63. The United States of America

64. What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?

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Раздел: Головоломки
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314 руб
Раздел: Классические игры

65. Culture of the youth

66. Problems of the youth

67. The 8th of March

68. Discovery of the New World

69. The faculty of mathematics of Irkutsk State University

70. The United States of America
The United States of America
71. The lesson of English
The lesson of English
72. Cities of the USA
Cities of the USA

73. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

74. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

75. Washington is the capital of the USA

76. Flora and Fauna of the USA

77. From the land called Beringia

78. Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?

79. The political system of Ukraine

80. The cities of USA

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Раздел: Размер 50x60 и более
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Раздел: Шахматы
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431 руб
Раздел: Размер 30x40

81. Eyck, Jan van: The Adoration of the Lamb

82. Art of the Edo Period

83. Internet helps in development of education and democracy

84. Category of number of the noun

85. Historical Background of the Middle English Period

86. Lexicology of the English Language
Lexicology of the English Language
87. Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England
Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England
88. The Comparative Analysis Of The History Of The Computer Science And The Computer Engineering In The USA And Ukraine
The Comparative Analysis Of The History Of The Computer Science And The Computer Engineering In The USA And Ukraine

89. The Snows of Mars

90. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

91. The system of english tenses

92. Word-formation of the English language. Conversion

93. A Brief History of the Internet and Related Networks

94. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Most Popular Poet of the Nineteenth Century

95. Ways of exploring the world

96. Problems of the youth (friendship, love, conflicts)

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Раздел: Автомобильные щетки, скребки
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317 руб
Раздел: Пепельницы
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1402 руб
Раздел: Без наполнения

97. The making of the collection

98. Some problems of the russian spelling

99. Some problems of borrowing in the Russian language

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