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Педагогика Педагогика

Education in the USA

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66 руб
Раздел: Прочее

Ge eral Pa er of Educa io i he USA he ge eral pa er of educa io i he USA is a eigh -year eleme ary school, followed by a four-year high school. his has bee called 8—4 pla orga iza io . I is proceeded, i ma y locali ies, by ursery schools a d ki dergar e s. I is followed by a four-year college a d professio al schools. his radi io al pa er , however, has bee varied i ma y differe ways. he 6—3— 3 pla co sis s of a six-year eleme ary school, a hree-year ju ior high school, a d a hree-year se ior high school. A o her varia io is a 6—6 pla orga iza io , wi h a six-year eleme ary school followed by a six-year seco dary school. America educa io provides a program for childre , begi i g a he age of 6 a d co i ui g up o he age of 16 i some of he s a es, a d o 18 i o hers. he eleme ary school i he U i ed S a es is ge erally co sidered o i clude he firs six or eigh grades of he commo -school sys em, depe di g upo he orga iza io ha has bee accep ed for he seco dary school. I has bee called he "grade school" or he "grammar school". here is o si gle gover me al age cy o prescribe for he America school sys em, differe ypes of orga iza io a d of curriculum are ried ou . he le g h of he school year varies amo g he s a es. Wide varia io exis s also i he le g h of he school day. A commo prac ice is o have school i sessio from 9:00 o 12:00 i he mor i g a d from 1:00 o 3:30 i he af er oo , Mo day hrough Friday. he school day for he lower grades is of e from 30 mi u es o a hour shor er. Mos schools require some homework o be do e by eleme ary pupils. Eleme ary Schools, High Schools a d I s i u io s of Higher Lear i g Eleme ary Schools, High Schools a d I s i u io s of Higher Lear i g here are eigh years of eleme ary schooli g. he eleme ary school is followed by four years of seco dary school, or high school. Of e he las wo years of eleme ary a d he firs years of seco dary school are combi ed i o a ju ior high school. he school year is i e mo hs i le g h, begi i g early i Sep ember a d some imes a shor er o e i spri g. here are sligh varia io s from place o place. S ude s e er he firs grade a he age of six a d a e da ce is compulsory i mos s a es u il he age of six ee or u il he s ude has fi ished he eigh h grade. he eleme ary schools e d o be small. he high schools are ge erally larger a d accommoda e pupils from four or five eleme ary schools. A small ow ge erally has several eleme ary schools a d o e high school. I some rural commu i ies he o e-room cou ry school house s ill exis s. Here may be fou d from five o we y-five pupils i grades o e hrough eigh , all augh by he same eacher. Admissio o he America high school is au oma ic o comple io of he eleme ary school. Duri g he four-year high school program he s ude s udies four or five major subjec s per year, a d classes i each of hese subjec s mee for a hour a day, five days a week. I addi io , he s ude usually has classes i physical educa io , music, a d ar several imes a week. If he fails a course, he repea s o ly ha course a d o he work of he e ire year. S ude s mus comple e a cer ai umber of courses i order o receive a diploma, or a cer ifica e of gradua io .

I s i u io s of higher lear i g suppor ed by public fu ds are o absolu ely free. he s a e colleges a d u iversi ies charge a fee for ui io or regis ra io . his fee is higher for hose who come from ou side he s a e. Worki g o e's way hrough college is commo place. Usually here is o admissio exami a io required by a s a e u iversi y for hose who have fi ished high school wi hi he s a e. Some imes a cer ai pa er of high school s udies is ecessary, however, a d some s a e u iversi ies require a cer ai scholas ic average, or average of high school grades. Priva e colleges a d u iversi ies, especially he larger, well-k ow o es such as Harvard, Pri ce o , a d Yale, have rigid scholas ic requireme s for e ra ce, i cludi g a exami a io . I usually akes four years o mee he requireme s for a Bachelor of Ar s or Bachelor of Scie ce degree.A Mas er of Ar s or Mas er of Scie ce degree may be ob ai ed i o e or wo addi io al years. he highes academic degree is he Doc or of Philosophy.I may ake a y umber of years o comple e he origi al research work ecessary o ob ai his degree. Higher Educa io I s i u io s I has become commo for he college program o be divided i o broad fields,such as la guages a d li era ure, he social scie ces, he scie ces a d ma hema ics, a d he fi e ar s.Ma y colleges require all freshme a d sophomores o ake o e or wo full-year courses i each of hree fields.Cer ai Courses,such as E glish or his ory,may be required for all,wi h some elec io permi ed i he o her fields. Higher educa io al i s i u io s usually are gover ed by a board of rege s or a board of rus ees. he execu ive head of a college or a u iversi y is usually called he preside . he various colleges or schools which ake up a u iversi y are headed by dea s. Wi hi a school or college here may be depar me s accordi g o subjec ma er fields, each of which may be headed by a professor who is desig a ed as depar me head or chairma . O her members of he facul y hold academic ra ks, such as i s ruc or, assis a professor, associa e professor, a d professor. Gradua e s ude s who give some par - ime service may be desig a ed as gradua e assis a s or fellows. Professio al educa io i fields such as agricul ure, de is ry, law, e gi eeri g, medici e, pharmacy, eachi g, e c. is pursued i professio al schools which may be par of a u iversi y or may be separa e i s i u io s which co fi e heir i s ruc io o a si gle professio . Of e wo, hree, or four years of pre-professio al liberal ar s educa io are required before admissio o a professio al school. hree o five years of specialized rai i g lead o professio al degrees such as Doc or of Medici e, Bachelor of Law, e c. Priva e a d S a e Colleges a d U iversi ies Harvard College was es ablished i 1636, wi h he pri cipal purpose of providi g a li era e mi is ry1 for colo ial churches. I was a small i s i u io , e rolli g o ly 20 s ude s i 1642 a d 60 i 1660. I soo became more ha a heological rai i g school2 a d es ablished i self as a liberal ar s college. he ex i s i u io of higher lear i g es ablished i he America colo ies was he College of William a d Mary, which ope ed i 1693 a Williamsburg, Virgi ia.

O her colleges were fou ded i he ex ce ury, bu all of hem remai ed small schools for lo g periods. S ude s e ered a he age of 14 a d remai ed u il hey were 18, a d he curriculum, while rigidly academic a d classic was by moder s a dards ra her seco dary i a ure. Priva e colleges a d u iversi ies were es ablished i various s a es. he firs s a e u iversi y was he U iversi y of Virgi ia, fou ded i 1819. Some s a e u iversi ies have large e dowme fu ds1 which provide a subs a ial por io of heir suppor . O her sources of i come are s ude fees, gif s a d e dowme s. I ge eral, higher educa io i he USA may be divided i o wo broad fields: liberal ar s a d professio al. Each of hese fields may be fur her subdivided i o u dergradua e a d gradua e levels. he liberal ar s program, o he u dergradua e level, may be a wo-year ju ior college course, or a four-year course leadi g o a degree of Bachelor of Ar s or Bachelor of Scie ce. he four-year course is usually subdivided i o a lower divisio (which may be called he ju ior college), co sis i g of he wo firs years, a d he upper divisio , which is he las wo years. he firs wo years co i ue he ge eral educa io a d specializa io begi s i he hird year. eachi g Professio i he USA Requireme s for eachers' cer ifica e vary amo g 50 s a es. Usually he s a e depar me of educa io , or a s a e cer ifica io board, issues cer ifica es which permi eachers o be employed wi hi he s a e. For y- four of he 50 s a es require a leas he comple io of a four-year course, wi h he bachelor's degree, as a mi imum for high school eachi g: he e de cy o require a fif h year beyo d he bachelor's degree is i creasi g. Gradua io from a wo-year ormal school or a leas wo years of college educa io is he mi imum requireme for eleme ary eachi g i 36 s a es; o hers dema d he comple io of a four-year course a d he bachelor's degree. Because of he dece raliza io of school co rol i he USA eachers are employed by local dis ric s ra her ha by he a io al gover me . he America eacher does o have he absolu e securi y of e ure which he Fre ch or Aus ralia eacher e joys. A higher propor io of he eachi g force are wome ha i some o her cou ries. he eacher- rai i g i s i u io s have o bee able o provide sufficie umbers of fully rai ed eachers o replace hose re iri g a d droppi g ou of he professio a d a he same ime o mee he requireme s for ew classes each year. he problem of recrui i g a d suply of eachers remai s a serious o e. I ge eral he problem of shor age of eachers has o bee me by loweri g cer ifica io s a dards.

CEOs, with some justification, became guilty until proven innocent of boardroom shenanigans, and even the slavishly probusiness, pro-CEO Bush administration was wary of appearing-in public-to be overly solicitous of the concerns of big business. In the spring of 2004,1 met with the head of one of America's biggest technology companies, who had come to Washington to lobby for more federal funding for the National Science Foundation to help nurture a stronger industrial base for American industry. I asked him why the administration wasn't convening a summit of CEOs to highlight this issue, and he just shook his head and said one word: “Enron.” The result: At the precise moment when the world was being flattened, and the triple convergence was reshaping the whole global business environment-requiring some very important adjustments in our own society and that of many other Western developed nations-American politicians not only were not educating the American public, they were actively working to make it stupid. During the 2004 election campaign we saw the Democrats debating whether NAFTA was a good idea and the Bush White House putting duct tape over the mouth of N

1. Higher Education in The U.K.

2. Education in the Middle Ages

3. Sports in the USA

4. The development of computers in the USA

5. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

6. Sports in Great Britain, the USA and Russia
Sports in Great Britain, the USA and Russia
7. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)
8. Education in Moscow school
Education in Moscow school

9. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

10. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

11. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

12. Militant Islam’s Expansion in the Southern Philippines

13. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

14. The government role in the market economy

15. History of the USA

16. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

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Раздел: Горки, приспособления для купания

17. Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present

18. Europe in the Middle Ages

19. High education in Great Britain

20. Education in Russia

21. Education in Russia

22. Education in Russia
Education in Russia
23. Washington is the capital of the USA
Washington is the capital of the USA
24. Many strange children were found in the world
Many strange children were found in the world

25. Education in Russia

26. Political System of the USA

27. Sport in the UK

28. Some problems of borrowing in the Russian language

29. The Tower in the 19th Century: From fortress to ancient monument

30. The improvement of work on the rhythm in the classes of english on the materials of limericks

31. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

32. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

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Раздел: Антистрессы
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Раздел: Сумки для обуви

33. Multiple Intelligences in the structure of a new English syllabus for secondary school

34. Role of the interpreter in the modern world

35. What strategy are most effective in the conditions of globalization

36. The collection of French art in the Hermitage

37. Advertising in the world of art

38. Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine
Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine
39. Jealousy as the cause of internal self-destruction in "Kreutzer Sonata" by Leo Tolstoy (Ревность как причина внутреннего самоуничтожения в "Крейцеровой сонате" Льва Толстого)
40. The cinema in Russia today
The cinema in Russia today

41. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

42. The role of art in our life

43. Символ и таинство в богословии св. Максима исповедника (symbol and mystery in st.Maximus the confessor)

44. Why was the United States unsuccessful in Vietnam?

45. Under what conditions will the oligopolists agree to co-operate in their decisions

46. The British Educational System

47. The weather in Great Britain

48. Zaporozhye: The city in which I live

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Раздел: Гирлянды с мини-лампами
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Раздел: Однотонная, голография

49. The sights of USA.

50. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

51. Biopolitics in Russia: History and Prospects for the Future

52. Ecological problems in big cities, particular in Moscow. How can a contradiction between the technological progress and ecology be solved from my point of view?

53. The political role of Great Britain in modern world

54. New trends in higher education
New trends in higher education
55. Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.)
Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.)
56. Rise of sociology as an intellectual tradition. Classical tradition in sociology of the XIX century
Rise of sociology as an intellectual tradition. Classical tradition in sociology of the XIX century

57. Education System In Honduras

58. History of Homeschooling in USA

59. The Borrowed Words Process Development in English

60. The development of sustainable tourism in Turkey

61. The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English

62. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism

63. The Tower of London

64. Спецподразделения Армии Израиля: "Голани" (Special forces in Army of Israel Golani)

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Раздел: Продукты

65. The great Britain

66. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

67. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

68. Luther Martin in krestjanskoy voyne w Germanii

69. Two approches to the scientific management

70. Democracy in Russia
Democracy in Russia
71. The Church of England
The Church of England
72. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns
The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

73. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

74. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

75. Radio And TV In My Life

76. The enviromental problems which concern the Mankind

77. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

78. Banking services in Russia: theory and fact

79. Does the crime pay or not ?

80. How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/

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Раздел: Сетки противомоскитные
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Раздел: Пелёнки
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Раздел: Шкатулки для рукоделия

81. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

82. Regulation in telecommunications industries: Why, What and How to Regulate?

83. Russia and the international economy

84. Substance abuse: Alcohol Consumption and alcohol dependence among the youth (Социологическое исследование проблемы алкоголизма среди студентов)

85. The basical macroeconomics indicators

86. The Castles of England
The Castles of England
87. The fastest computers of the world
The fastest computers of the world
88. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers

89. The Irish and South America

90. The People Trade

91. The Renaissance

92. The Tower of London

93. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points

94. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

95. Traditional Meals in Mexico

96. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

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97. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

98. The New-York City, Places of interest

99. Excursion in old Riga

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