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Biopolitics in Russia: History and Prospects for the Future

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Раздел: Прочее

1. I roduc io Biopoli ics, a field of research employi g biological co cep s, da a, a d me hods i poli ical scie ce, ook shape i he Wes (origi ally i he USA) i he 60s a d 70s. o a co siderable ex e , his developme ca be regarded as a "respo se" o a co cep ual crisis i poli ical scie ce wi hi he U i ed S a es as some poli ical scie is s expressed heir co cer abou he i sufficie a e io give o huma a ure a d, more ge erally, i adequa e co cep ual fou da io s of poli ical scie ce (see Degler, 1991). For example, his co cer was voiced i a Preside ial Address o he America Poli ical Scie ce Associa io by Joh Wahlke (1979), who reproached his discipli e wi h "pre-behavioralism" despi e i s professed focus o a scie ce of behavior. I was also i respo se o a crisis ha biopoli ics ook roo i Russia (a d some o her cou ries i Eas er Europe). Bu i hese cou ries i was o jus a co cep ual crisis. I was a profou d poli ical, social, a d eco omic crisis, associa ed wi h a ge eral collapse of he pre-exis e social sys em. Ma y millio s of people have had o go hrough hard imes. Prices skyrocke ed, a d u employme soared. Ma y cer ai ies of Sovie life (e. g., free educa io a d medical care), formerly ake for gra ed, did o exis a y lo ger. E h ic s rife i e sified a d resul ed i fra ricidal co flic (e. g. i Moldavia) a d he collapse of he U.S.S.R. a d S ali 's empire (firs Afga is a , he Bal ic cou ries a d Eas er Europe, la er he disi egra io of he he C.I.S. a d Chech ya). he eco omic sys em became i creasi gly depe de o mafia s ruc ures. I his si ua io , Russia scholars, poli icia s, a d people a large ried o use a y available idea ( o ma er from wha field of scie ce) i a a emp o ge a i sigh i o he ex remely complex poli ical si ua io a d o fi d a way o improve i . "I shor , Russia a d Eas er Europe are i dus rialized socie ies charac erized by i e se social co flic s a d he abse ce of co cep ual maps (emphasis added—au hors) or i ellec ual doc ri es wi h which o u ders a d hem" (Mas ers, 1993, p.244). Biopoli ics co ce ra es o he biological dime sio of he huma bei g as "poli ical a imal" (Homo poli icus) a d emphasizes he commo behavioral re ds i huma s a d o her forms of life. Obviously, his subfield of poli ical scie ce is expec ed o gai i social impor a ce whe ever he poli ical si ua io favors biosocially de ermi ed huma behaviors, as dis i guished from hose ha are psychocul ural, o use he erm sugges ed by P. Meyer (1987). Such a si ua io is likely o arise i a period charac erized by he collapse of a formerly domi a value sys em. I his case, ormally suppressed or cul urally co rolled biosocial behavioral re ds may become more ma ifes ha usual. Ma y people i Russia were co cer ed abou u co rollable ou burs s of "bes ial" aggressivi y, occurri g duri g e h oco flic s or clashes be wee differe mafia "cla s". A o her i eres i g example is provided by preside ial (a d o her poli ically impor a ) elec io s i pos -commu is Russia, which are evide ly domi a ed by "gu feeli gs". Al hough poli ical campaig s i all moder socie ies are heavily i flue ced by o -verbal commu ica io a d prima e domi a ce-submissio rela io ships (cf.

Mas ers, 1989), hese effec s may seem especially pro ou ced where i s i u io s a d par isa a achme s are ew a d weak. U der such circums a ces, evolu io ary biology a d i s socially impor a ramifica io s such as biopoli ics acquire addi io al weigh , a d i s co cep s ca provide he heore ical fou da io s for a ew social "cog i ive map". Biopoli ics is also of special i eres for Russia s because heir poli ical life has a o her sig ifica "biological compo e ", which was he focus of he semi al paper by L. Caldwell (1964). I Russia, he e viro me has o ye bee adequa ely pro ec ed agai s i dus rial pollu io a d des ruc io . O e impor a issue is he overpopula io s ress (" he effec s of oise a d of crowdi g o huma popula io ", accordi g o Caldwell, 1964), a d much public co cer is also caused by he abor io issue as well as by o her bioehical a d bio-medical problems. He ce i ma y areas of public policy, biopoli ics offers ecessary subs a ive i forma io as well as a more ge eralized "cog i ive map" for u ders a di g huma a ure a d poli ics. 2. His orical he his ory of biopoli ics o he Russia soil has bee shor bu eve ful. I bega i he Augus of 1987, whe he 8 h I er a io al Co fere ce o Logic, Me hodology, a d Philosophy of Scie ce was held i Russia (par ly i Moscow a d par ly i he Pacific harbor ow of akhodka). A rela ively you g scholar i he field of philosophy of scie ce, Dr. A a oly . Zub, prese ed a alk o "Biopoli ics—Me hodology of Social Biologism i Poli ical Scie ce". hie prese a io , subseque ly published by he orga izers of he co fere ce, was he firs ex e sive Russia review ar icle o biopoli ics1, wi h refere ces o he works by L. Caldwell, A. Somi , . Wiegele, R. Mas ers, S. Pe erso , C. Bar er-Barry, P. Cor i g, G. Schuber , J. Schuber , J. Wahlke, J. Lapo ce, H. Flohr, W. o esma , a d o her promi e scholars. I his paper, A. Zub demo s ra ed his profou d k owledge a d exper ise i he field of biopoli ics, which he had bee s udyi g si ce he early 80s. ever heless, because scholars a his ime had o pay ribu e o he s ill powerful Marxis -Le i is heory, biopoli ics was described as a produc of bourgeouis hi ki g i his paper by him. Abou a year la er, Dr. Alexa der Oleski from he Biology Dep . of Moscow S a e U iversi y (MSU), i spired by he work by A. Zub he had jus browsed hrough, es ablished a semi ar o Biopoli ics wi h he help of his colleagues. Origi ally e i led "Semi ar o Bioe hics, Biopoli ics, a d Bio ech ology", his semi ar is s ill i opera io a he Biology Depar me of MSU. O ce a for igh , he Semi ar bri gs oge her a mixed collec ive composed of professio al biologis s (E. R. Kar ashova, I. V. Bo vi ko, . A. Kirovskaya, a d o hers) i cludi g mammal e hologis s ( . L. es erova) , poli ical scie is s such as O. V. Borisova (a pos gradua e s ude a he Poli ical Sociology Dep .2 of MSU), philosophers (E. . Shul'ga) as well as, i some cases, i vi ed poli icia s a d public ac ivis s. he Semi ar has bee repea edly a e ded by he Dea of he Biology Dep . of MSU, Prof. Mikhail V. Gusev. Dr. A. Zub gave a alk o biopoli ics a o e of he Semi ar mee i gs.

Some of hese mee i gs ook place i he prese ce of foreig gues s, such as Prof. G. eucher - ood , a eurologis from Bielefeld (Germa y) a d Mr. J. Briggs, a se ior s aff member of he Coca-Cola Compa y (USA). I 1989, A. Zub produced a comprehe sive paper deali g wi h biopoli ics a d sociobiology, which appeared i he collec io of ar icles e i led Wes er heore ical Sociology i he 80s (published by he I s i u e for I forma io i Social Scie ces, USSR Academy of Scie ces). Zub also sugges ed a biopoli ical research projec for his pos gradua e s ude . Sidyaki a. I 1990, she comple ed her Ph. D. disser a io , largely focusi g o he works by R. Mas ers, P. Cor i g, a d he Germa as ro omer a d biopoli icia E. Ja sch. P. Cor i g's a e io was a rac ed by Sidyaki a's brief co ribu io o he ma erials of a i er a io al co fere ce, a d he se her a le er. Shor ly hereaf er, Prof. Roger D. Mas ers bega o correspo d wi h Dr. A. Zub. I 1990, . Sidyaki a a d A. Oleski gave alks o biopoli ics a he A ual All-Russia Fyodorov Co fere ce (Moscow) deali g wi h gero ology, life spa prolo ga io , a d bioe hical issues. I 1991, he year of he failed hard-li ers' coup a d he collapse of he Commu is regime, a group i cludi g Prof. M. V. Gusev a d Prof. V. D. Samuilov (Direc or of he Bio ech ology Ce er) from he Biology Dep of MSU, as well as Prof. M. Ma akov made wo co secu ive visi s o A he s (Greece), where hey me wi h a charmi g lady, Dr. Ag i Vlavia os-Arva i is. She was he Preside of he Greece-based Biopoli ics I er a io al Orga isa io (B.I.O.) focusi g o he e hical, cul ural, legal, e viro me al, a d ech ological aspec s of biopoli ics. he seco d visi (i May, 1991) had a u pleasa surprise i s ore for he Russia gues s, who arrived by boa a he Piraeus Harbor. he Greek fro ier guards co sidered heir "shipma 's passpor s" as i valid, a d Profs. M. V. Gusev a d V. D. Samuilov spe hree days a d igh s i he ra si lou ge u der arres , havi g o ly 250 drachmas (= USD 1.25) wi h hem. O he four h day, he hapless visi ors were released wi h he perso al help of A. Vlavia os-Arva i is. hey were rewarded for heir rouble by he very frie dly, almos affec io a e, rea me hey received a he B.I.O. co fere ce. Prof. Samuilov burs i o ears o he day of heir re ur o Russia (o a o her occasio , Mrs. Vlavia os-Arva i is also shed some ears— his happe ed whe she received a le er from Prof. Samuilov). A lo g- erm co rac was co cluded be wee MSU a d B.I.O. O he basis of his co rac , A. Oleski was se o Greece for 4.5 mo hs. his projec resul ed i produci g he book (by A. Vlavia os-Arva i is a d him) e i led Biopoli ics - he Bio-E viro me . Bio-Syllabus, published i E glish (1992) a d Russia (1993). Dr. A. Vlavia os-Arva i is made a umber of visi s o Russia, a d she gave several alks a MSU, he I s i u e of Philosophy (Russai Academy of Scie ces), a d o her research ce ers. I December, 1991, a Helle ic-Russia Symposium o Bio-Diplomacy ook place i A he s, wi h par icipa io of Mr. Valery Grishi , o e of Preside Yel si 's aides. I 1994, B.I.O. orga ized a i er a io al fes ival commemora i g Academicia A.

The International Oil Exhibition in Baku gave Soviet specialists a good opportunity, based on its advanced experience in the world oil and gas business, for productive cooperation in the future, using advanced equipment and procedures for oil production. The first International Oil Exhibition in the USSR drew around 110,000 visitors, including numerous delegations from foreign countries and Soviet specialists from various regions, providing clear evidence of significant interest in both the achievements of the industry and in the trends for development of oil equipment and procedures. It is also gratifying that it was in this place, where the history of RussiaБЂ™s oil industry began, that the fine tradition started of Russia regularly hosting one of the largest international specialized exhibition events, the Moscow International Oil and Gas Exhibition, which today is one of the most significant events of its kind for the world business, scientific, and engineering community. Heading for a Crisis The Soviet Union entered a period of large-scale structural crisis at the start of the 1970s because its supermonopolized bureaucratic authoritarian industrial system was unable to develop any further or respond to the challenges of modern times

1. Banking services in Russia: theory and fact

2. My plans for the future

3. Presents in Russia and America

4. Sellers and buyers in Russia and in foreign countries

5. Missile Defense System - Buren for the United States

6. Democracy in Russia
Democracy in Russia
7. Missile Defense System - Buren for the United States
Missile Defense System - Buren for the United States
8. American Revolution and War for Independence
American Revolution and War for Independence

9. Russian political system, history and culture

10. My career in the future

11. Education in Russia

12. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

13. Demographic crisis in Russia

14. Education in Russia

15. Holiday in Russia

16. TV in Russia. My favorite TV programme

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Раздел: Прочие

17. For the Beauty of the Earth

18. Press in Russia

19. Civil marriage in Russia

20. Fanchising in Russia

21. The theoretical basis for the international trade. The modern trends of the international trade development

22. The life and work of the self-employed socialist intellectual, Humphrey McQueen
23. Choosing the future profession
Choosing the future profession
24. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia
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25. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

26. The Comparative Analysis Of The History Of The Computer Science And The Computer Engineering In The USA And Ukraine

27. Russia and the international economy

28. The history of Old English and its development

29. Апокатастасис и "Благое молчание" в эсхатологии св. Максима исповедника (Apokatastasis and «Honorable silence» in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)

30. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA

31. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

32. KOREA People and History in Harmony

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33. The USA: its history, geography and political system

34. The Medieval Tower: A refuge and a base for royal power

35. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

36. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

37. The Definite Article with Class Nouns in English and in French

38. The origin and history of the English language
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39. Lectures in Contrastive Lexicology of the English and Ukrainian Languages
40. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in “Cicer arietinum”

41. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

42. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)

43. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

44. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

45. The history of railways (История железных дорог)

46. Radio And TV In My Life

47. Higher Education in The U.K.

48. Regulation in telecommunications industries: Why, What and How to Regulate?

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49. Substance abuse: Alcohol Consumption and alcohol dependence among the youth (Социологическое исследование проблемы алкоголизма среди студентов)

50. The Irish and South America

51. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

52. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

53. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

54. Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries
Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries
55. Liaison between Board and CEO in Russian Oil Companies
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56. The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars
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57. Entertainment outside the home: Pubs and clubs Leisure and sports

58. Poland and Hungary are in Transition

59. Continuity and change in Stravinskiy`s ballets. Стравинский и его балеты

60. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

61. Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries

62. Rome and the Roman Empire

63. Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service Profiles

64. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

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65. Militant Islam’s Expansion in the Southern Philippines

66. Poland and Hungary are in Transition

67. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

68. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

69. Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind... Пастернак и нравственная дилемма послереволюционной интеллигенции

70. Huey Lewis and the News
Huey Lewis and the News
71. Education in the USA
Education in the USA
72. Social stratification in modern Russia
Social stratification in modern Russia

73. Under what conditions will the oligopolists agree to co-operate in their decisions

74. History of the USA

75. Accounting and Finance in AS Diena

76. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

77. Science in the 20th century

78. Europe in the Middle Ages

79. The weather in Great Britain

80. The Weather and Climate Fluctuations

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81. Zaporozhye: The city in which I live

82. Alcohol and the Workplace

83. Robin Hood and The Sheriff

84. Usa. Howard h. Aiken and the computer

85. Internet helps in development of education and democracy

86. The Higher school and the ways to science
The Higher school and the ways to science
87. Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine
Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine
88. Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England
Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England

89. Sports in the USA

90. The development of computers in the USA

91. Agriculture in the USA

92. Melville’s “The March into Virginia” and “The College Colonel”: The Broken Youth.

93. Find the right sports program for your kids

94. The Sound and the Fury

95. The Tower in Tudor Times: A royal prison

96. The Tower in the 19th Century: From fortress to ancient monument

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Раздел: Баки, канистры

97. Customs and Traditions in Britain

98. The history of Manhattan

99. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

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