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Examples of modern determinations of culture

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heme of abs rac : PLA E RY 1.Reaso i g of Roy of Da drad 2.Reaso i g of М. Segall 3.Reaso i g of Rober Levi 4.Reaso i g of Harry riadic 5.Reaso i g of Michael Koul 6.Reaso i g of Gus avo Jagod 7.Reaso i g R. Roh er 8.Reaso i g of Ke Richardso 9.Reaso i g of De yse Je ki s 10.Reaso i g of Jerome Barkow 11.Reaso i g of Sara Harki ’s 12.Reaso i g of Elisabe h homso 13.Reaso i g of Rober aylor 14.Reaso i g of Peggy Miller 15.Reaso i g of Alexa dra Jeffry 16.Reaso i g of Pier Rabardel 17.Reaso i g of Howard Harde er LIS OF LI ERA URE E RY Co se i wha cul ure i was o a d i is o ill oday. A deeper co sidera io of ques io a ye grea er varie y is revealed o ly. Model i ha behalf i is possible o cou he book of Kreber a d Klackho «Cul ure: cri ical review of co cep io s a d de ermi a io s». Co sideri g more ha 150 de ermi a io s of cul ure, au hors a alyzed he grea umber of differe ways of co cep io s of his erm. I fi al a alysis hey came o ex de ermi a io : &quo ;Cul ure co sis s of implici models of co duc , acquired a d ra sferrable by mea s of symbols, maki g dis i c ive achieveme of huma groups, i cludi g hem embodime i embodime s; he core of cul ure co sis s of radi io al ideas a d, especially, from he valued values added o hem; sys em cul ures ca be exami ed, from o e side, as deriva ives from ac ivi y, a d from o her - as eleme s, s ipula i g fur her ac ivi y&quo ; Bu &quo ; oday o ly o ma y from moder a hropologis s allude o his de ermi a io . I we ou from a fashio , as i seems o oo wide (a d ha is why, probably, oo u comfor able), used i research aims&quo ;. he k ow cul ural researcher Harry ria is wri es: «Cul ure is o e of hose de ermi a io s which always are i work of social researchers, bu which are de ermi ed by such amou of differe ways, ha a co se sus is o foresee » he same posi io remai s o da e. &quo ;O e co cep io which prevails i a moder social idea is co cep io of cul ure. Cul ural a hropologis s a d sociologis s agree o he whole, ha a huma cul ure is acquired by a ma as member of socie y a d she widely ra sforms by mea s of symbolism of la guage. However here is a co se i ha , how o de ermi e a cul ure a d wha fu c io s o add&quo ; her. I he classic review of de ermi a io s of cul ure of Kreber a d Klackho cul ures, mee i g i a hropological li era ure, dis i guish five classes of de ermi a io s: 1. Descrip ive de ermi a io s, whe aim o describe every hi g or some aspec s of huma life a d ac ivi y. 2. His orical de ermi a io s which do a acce o radi io of he pas s. 3. orma ive de ermi a io s do a acce o rules which ma age ac ivi y of group of people. I a differe ce from descrip ive a d his orical defi i io s which imply obvious expressio of cul ural life, orma ive de ermi a io s require, ha we scru i ized i ha ac ivi y which we ca look af er a d made a effor ope , ha s a ds af er her. 4. Psychological de ermi a io s u derli e mul iplici y of psychological aspec s, i cludi g such co cep s as adap a io , permissio of problems, eachi g, habi s. For example, a cul ure allows a group o adap o he perma e (repe i ive) problems, a cul ure is lear ed a d he resul of i eachi g is es ablishme i his group of cer ai habi s.

his de ermi a io is more wide a d i cludes o implici (for example, adap a io ) a d looked (af er for example, habi s) are he cul ural phe ome a. 5. S ruc ural de ermi a io s u derli e a model or orga iza io of cul ure. his look is rela ed o he firs (descrip ive) ca egory i ha does a acce o i egri y, o ali y of pic ure. Moder cul ural researchers add o a o her his lis , six h poi : &quo ;S ruc ural de ermi a io s are required from us, ha we gla ced for he visible cul ural phe ome a, o ope as a cul ure is arra ged. A cul ure is o he lis of cus oms, a d is a compu er-i egra ed model of associa e li es. Ge e ic de ermi a io s u derli e a source or ge esis of cul ure. hus a cul ure co sis s of adap a io , social co-opera io a d crea ive process, which is dis i c ive descrip io of huma family&quo ;. However i he moder heories of cul ure of such poi s cou ed co siderably a ymore. We will co sider a few separa e, bu au hori a ive oday u era ces or reaso i g abou he co cep of &quo ;cul ure&quo ;. 1.Reaso i g of Roy of Da drad «O e of he oldes ermi ology dispu es i a hropology is a dispu e abou a erm «cul ure». Some problems, seems, a d caused by a circums a ce ha his erm has wo se ses: cul ure as process ( ha is passed, o be s udied by subseque ge era io s) a d cul ure as he special class of he phe ome a (id es he orga ized cog i io ). I is possible o hi k ha hese wo aspec s of erm ca coexis , if a process u der akes for de ermi a io of mai e a ce. I such de ermi a io a cul ure here will be all ha is passed o he subseque ge era io s hrough a s udy. Difficul y i his de ermi a io co sis s of ha ma y hi gs are passed a d o all heir a hropologis s wish o exami e as a cul ure. For example, Adipow a complex is rai ed a d widely widespread, bu his mos a hropologis s usually do o exami e him as a cul ure, so his complex is i direc , u i e io al, u realized i ves iga io of eachi g o o her hi gs. he seco d s ra egy is de ermi a io of cul ure as ideas of he special mai e a ce. Problem wi h his de ermi a io i ha differe bir hs of mai e a ce are - wha from hem o co sider a cul ure». «Prese ly here are hree basic looks o a ure of cul ure. Firs is de ermi a io of cul ure as cog i io s, as accumula io s of i forma io . Accordi g o his look, a cul ure accumula es a d does o eed ha , o be divided, if dis ribu io of cog i io is such, ha he ow i corpora ed cog i io is suppor ed. I forma io co e i he cul ural pool of cog i io is very grea - eve i simple socie ies. Accordi g o his look, a cul ure is o highly compu er-i egra ed, cog i io s abou ha , how o rea ill esses u co ec ed wi h cog i io ecessary for buildi g of house. Accordi g o he seco d look - a cul ure co sis s of co cep ual s ruc ures which crea e ce ral reali y of people, so ha he &quo ;lives i he ha world which imagi es o i self» or accordi g o de ermi a io of Sh eydor, a cul ure co sis s of «eleme s which are cer ai a d разделяемы i co cre e socie y as prese i g reali y - o simply social reali y, a d i egral reali y of life i which huma crea ures live a d opera e». Accordi g o his approach, a cul ure is o simply divided, she subjec ively is divided, so ha everybody supposes ha o her see he same hi gs which he sees.

I his approach a cul ure is o especially accumula ed, o more, ha grammar is accumula ed. he hird look o a ure of cul ure s a ds be wee posi io s &quo ;cul ure as cog i io &quo ; a d &quo ;cul ure as he co s ruc ed reali y&quo ;. his approach i erpre s a cul ure a d socie y almos as co soli g reali ies, some hi g, co sis i g of i s i u es, such as family, marke , eco omy, church, he cou ry e c., id es sys ems of orms, qualifica ory roles, rela ed o differe s a uses. For eydla, for example, a accumula io akes place, bu rela ively poorly; he volume of i forma io which mus be rai ed is very wide, he degree of i egra io is impor a , bu problema ic. Dis i c io be wee hese looks co sis s of acce i g of differe fu c io s of values : direc ive fu c io for approach ce ered o &quo ;cog i io &quo ;, po e ial of he sys ems of values for approach ca ered o &quo ;co s ruc i g of reali y&quo ;. Al hough here is differe ia io be wee symbols a d values - some seem foremos prese i g, some - foremos by a direc ive, some - foremos co s ruc i g reali y. hese dis i c io s are i dis i c a d a imes exis o ly i co cep ual scopes. 2.Reaso i g of М. Segall I obedie ce o Segall, a cul ure is he fac or of high order, which ca o have s a us of i depe de varia io ; he is oo difficul , o measure him. Ra her a cul ure mus be divided i o separa e co ex ual fac ors. hey i clude social i s i u es, such as school, la guage, gover ed, qualifica ory i erperso ally rela io s, fea ures of physical surrou di gs. Ge eral for cul ural researchers is ha ha hey push off from impor a dis i c io s i a co duc a d aim o fi d precedi g dis i c io s which ca explai hese dis i c io s. We mus fi d he phe ome a which are impor a a d i eres i g a d o ly he o search expla a io o hem. Look o he cul ure as o he k o of erms has wo i ves iga io s. he firs co sis s of ha de ermi a io of cul ure is o more, ha ge eral label a d ca o have s a us of heore ical co cep io . alked o abou a cul ure o he whole, a d o ly abou specific varia io s which explai specific cul ural dis i c io s. he seco d i ves iga io co sis s of ha psychological laws a d co cep io s o de ermi a io mus be u iversal. If cer ai heore ical s a eme s have warra s i o e cul ure, bu does o have i o her, hese s a eme s are false a d a heory mus be rejec ed. I his approach a acce is do e o cul ural rela io s i heir differe aspec s i o a group. A cul ure appears as he orga ized u i . he s udy of he isola ed varia io s, ake from a i egral complex by he represe a ives of his direc io , is exami ed as very doub ful prac ice. A cul ure is perceived as a sys em, i which a cul ural co ex is i separable from a ha me hod which psychological li es a d fu c io s are orga ized. he sys ems as such ca o be compared, compared here ca be o ly par s a d proper ies of he sys ems. Gus avo Jagod preferred goi g ear a cul ure as o he sys em, bu asser ed ha cul ural psychology did o have a me hod o ra sform his co cep io of cul ure so ha she was sui able for empiric researches. We also co sider so. ill o defi e he objec of cul ural researches, we mus decide, wha from de ermi a io s of cul ure more accep able o us.

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1. Ten reasons for a tradition of modernity

2. Decline of ukrainian statehood and culture (1712-1783)

3. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

4. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

5. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements

6. On a decomposition of an element of a free metabelian group as a productof primitive elements
On a decomposition of an element of a free metabelian group as a productof primitive elements
7. Economy of the Republic of Ireland
Economy of the Republic of Ireland
8. Roman Catholic labor movement in Grodno province (last third of XIX - beginning of XX century.)

9. The explaining of the meaning of neologism

10. Historical measurement of the science of governing

11. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society

12. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

13. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

14. Переведенная на английский лекция по теме Money and banking (деньги и банковское дело), the role of banks (роль банков), modern banking (современная банковская система)

15. Culture of the youth

16. Socio-cultural foundations of east-european&Russian geopolitics english

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Раздел: Для посудомоечных машин

17. The political role of Great Britain in modern world

18. Stylistic potential of tense-aspect verbal forms in modern English

19. The Tower of London

20. Impact of Evolution on Human Thought. Testosterone

21. Humane approches to toxicological evaluations of industrial chemicals

22. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
Consequence of building the National Missile Defense
23. The Economy of Great Britain
The Economy of Great Britain
24. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

25. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

26. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)

27. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

28. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

29. Jealousy as the cause of internal self-destruction in "Kreutzer Sonata" by Leo Tolstoy (Ревность как причина внутреннего самоуничтожения в "Крейцеровой сонате" Льва Толстого)

30. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

31. The history of railways (История железных дорог)

32. Economic and sociological analysis of suicide

Конструктор "Цветной городок" большой (41 деталь).
Это настоящий, красочный город, состоящий из множества деревянных деталей (их 41). В нем много домов, построенных из деталей, в виде
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Раздел: Деревянные конструкторы
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391 руб
Раздел: Портфолио
Маска для сна с "памятью" "Морфей".
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473 руб
Раздел: Дорожные наборы

33. Подготовка к TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language

34. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

35. Impact of Evolution on Human Thought Evolution

36. Lexico-sementic chartersticcs of business letter correspondence

37. Socionical approach in studding of nations

38. The fastest computers of the world
The fastest computers of the world
39. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)
40. The Tower of London
The Tower of London

41. Лингвистический фон деловой корреспонденции (Linguistic Background of Business Correspondence)

42. Britney Spears - princess of pop

43. The Economy of Great Britain

44. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

45. The New-York City, Places of interest

46. Translatioin of Political Literature

47. The profile of an effective manager

48. Сравнительные степени прилагательных и наречий (Comparison) Модальные глаголы (Modal Verbs) Цепочки существительных (Атрибутивная, номинативная группа) (Chains of nouns)

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Раздел: 13-24 цвета
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Раздел: Электронные и звуковые плакаты
Настольная семейная игра "Усачи".
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Раздел: Игры на ловкость

49. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life

50. The Hero of Our Time

51. California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest

52. Types of tests used in English Language Teaching Bachelor Paper

53. Evolution of Christianity

54. Critical Review of Daniel Sprick’s “Release Your Plans”
55. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”
56. Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan
Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan

57. Interactive method of teaching English grammar

58. How do I like unusual methods of teaching? (DEAD POETS SOCIETY)

59. Socrates` conception of philosophy

60. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

61. The role of art in our life

62. California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest

63. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

64. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

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Раздел: Каталки
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548 руб
Раздел: Пазлы (54-99 элементов)
Подгузники-трусики "Pampers. Pants. Джамбо", Maxi (9-15 кг), 52 штуки.
Для активных и любознательных мальчиков и девочек так важен комфорт, поэтому Pampers разработал универсальные подгузники-трусики Pampers
1117 руб
Раздел: Более 11 кг

65. Biography of Che Guevara (Биография Че Гевары)

66. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

67. The fastest computers of the world

68. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

69. Interactive method of teaching English grammar

70. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)
71. Evolution of Christianity
Evolution of Christianity
72. Socrates` conception of philosophy
Socrates` conception of philosophy

73. Финская маркетинговая фирма Kotka-Hamina Region of Finland Ltd.

74. The profile of an effective manager

75. Финансовые инструменты ("Financial Instruments. Teaching materials of the course")

76. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

77. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

78. Мальтийский еврей (The Jew of Malta)

79. The Taming of the Shrew

80. Proposal of joint european project CHAIN-E

Форма разъемная Regent "Easy" круглая, 22x7 см.
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Раздел: Игры на ассоциации, воображение
Стиральный порошок "Burti Color" для цветных вещей, 1,5 килограмм.
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Раздел: Стиральные порошки

81. Out Of Crisis

82. House of Lords

83. Edge of Sanity

84. Children of Bodom

85. Corrosion of Conformity

86. Art of noise
Art of noise
87. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada
The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada
88. Art of adviting
Art of adviting

89. Special fields of psychology

90. Theory of metal passivation

91. The City of London and its role as a financial centre

92. Environmental impacts of renewable energy technologies

93. Advantages and disadvantages of TV

94. Значение слова (Meaning of words)

95. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

96. Art galleries of London

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Необычный набор Орто-пазлов Микс «Море» включает 8 модулей, выполненных под различный морской рельеф. В комплекте коврики, предназначенные
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Раздел: Прочие
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Раздел: Копилки

97. London - the capital of Great Britain

98. The History of Moscow

99. A Family of Scientists


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