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Ghandi and the myth of non-violent action

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GH DI D H MY H F -VIL C I (ssy) h ids f Mh m G dhi hv jyd rsurg c. h -vil -cpr i c ics usd i h s ruggls gi s h Fr kli Dm i sm i d h Gr hm Cmm missil bs i gl d wd hir i spir i dirc ly him. Richrd brugh’s cdmy wrd wi i g film “G dhi” fur hr rvivd h my h h his pcifis c ics w I di i s i dp d c. Y scilis s hv lwys b qui sc hi g bu G dhi. Rd fr xmpl, wh Grg rwll hd sy bu him: G dhi hs b rgrdd fr w y yrs by h Gvr m f I di s f i s righ h d m . I k w wh I’m lki g bu I usd b fficr i h I di plic. I ws lwys dmi d i h ms cy icl wy h G dhi md i sir fr h Bri ish rul I di, bcus his i flu c ws lwys gi s ki g y c i h wuld mk y diffr c. h rs why G dhi wh i pris is lwys r d wi h such l i c d smll c cssi s sm ims md wh h hs prl gd f his fs s d grus x , is h h Bri ish fficils r i rrr h h my di d b rplcd by sm wh blivs lss i “sul frc “ d mr i bmbs.1 I his pmphl , w will u li G dhi’s I di cmpig s shw jus wh rwll m . W will rgu h G dhi fild lu ch y -vil cmpig s h rmi d -vil , ls his rms. W will rgu h wh hs cmpig s s r d hr h i rs s f h I di cpi lis clss, G dhi lwys clld hm ff. d w will rgu h h Bri ish lf I di fr rs s f hir w , y hi g h G dhi c k crdi fr. rly dys G dhi’s scil viws wr lwys rc i ry, i h ms li rl s s f h wrd. I 1909 h xprssd hm s fllws: I is h Bri ish ppl wh r ruli g I di, bu i is mdr civilis i , hrugh i s rilwys, lgrphs, lph , d lms vry hr i v i hs b climd b riumph f civilis i Mdicl sci c is h c c r d ss c f blck mgic Hspi ls r h i s rum s h h Dvil hs b usi g fr his w purps, i rdr kp his hld his ki gdm If hr wr hspi ls fr v rl disss r v fr c sump ivs, w wuld hv lss c sump i , d lss sxul vic m gs us. I di’s slv i c sis s i u lr i g wh sh hs lr duri g h ps fif y yrs r s. h rilwys, lgrphs, hspi ls, lwyrs, dc rs d such lik ll hv g.2 Bu i is G dhi’s pli icl s r gy h w r mi ly c cr d wi h hr. G dhi dvlpd his m hds f -vil -cpr i , r “s ygrh” (li rlly “wy f h righ us hr ”) figh fr civil righ s fr I di s i Su h fric. I his firs cmpig , h m wi h sm succss lrgly fr w rs s. H md c sidrbl us f s rik c i by I di wrkrs, d h I di s, bi g smwh priphrl mi ri y i Su h fric, culd b ffrdd c cssi s by h whi ruli g clss h culd vr b gr d h blcks. v duri g his cmpig G dhi’s ms crdi bl ffr h limi i s f his pcifism bcm bvius.

I pisd pssd vr by brugh’s film, G dhi rcu s hw h clld ff h s ruggl s g, r hr h ji cus wi h “vil ” g rl s rik by urp wrkrs, d his w h gr i ud f h Su h fric ruli g clss: I h curs f h s ygrh s ruggl i Su h fric, svrl hus ds f i d urd I di s hd s ruck wrk. his ws s ygrh s rik, d hrfr irly pcful d vlu ry. Whils h s rik ws gi g h s rik f h urp mi rs, rilwy mplys, c. ws dclrd. vr urs wr md m mk cmm cus wi h h urp s rikrs. s s ygrh, I did rquir mm ’s c sidr i dcli d s. I w fur hr, d fr fr f ur s rik bi g clssd wi h h s rik f h urp s i which m hds f vil c d us f rms fu d prmi plc, urs ws susp dd, d s ygrh frm h mm cm b rcg isd by h urp s f Su h fric s h urbl d h s mvm , i h wrds f G rl Smu s, “ c s i u i l mvm ”.3 Rcrui i g fr h Bri ish Wh G dhi r ur d I di i 1915, his qulms bu vil c sudd ly dispprd. H w u rcrui i g vlu rs fr h Bri ish rmy frm h I di ppul i , u dr h slg “20 rcrui s fr vry villg”. G dhi ppr ly blivd h by rcrui i g c fddr df d h mpir, h culd imprss h Bri ish wi h I di s’ lyl y d hus r i dp d c. H smd hv rgrdd i s vic ry h h md rcrui i g spchs i Hi dus i! G dhi xpli d his c i s, which w gi s much f h rs f h i dp d c mvm s hi ki g, by syi g. “I discvrd h Bri ish mpir hd cr i idls wi h which I hv fll i lv.” L r, df drs f G dhi wr jus ify his rcrui i g driv by syi g h h “ ly” risd rps fr h mdicl crps. Bu f curs, mdicl crps r vi l pr f y mili ry mchi , d G dhi’s c i s frd hr rcrui s fr h fr li figh i g. H cr i ly md mp ris mdicl crps fr h Grm s r urks, s v if hr wr lm s f misguidd hum i ri ism i G dhi’s hi ki g, i ws vry c v i ly -yd. Duri g h yrs 1917 1920, G dhi md sm vry impr fri ds m gs h wl hy busi ss fmilis f Ws I di. hs i cludd h Srbhis, x il mg s i his hm s f Gujr , d h Birls, h sc d lrgs i dus ril grup i I di. Fr h rs f his crr, G dhi rgulrly c sul d wi h hm, d hy md sur h h vr lckd m y. his is sy h I di cpi lis s cr d G dhi. Bu his cmmi m h pcifis c i sui d hir i rs s prfc ly. hy w d limi d mbilis i f h msss driv u h Bri ish s h hy culd ru I di i s d. hy hd s h Russi rvlu i jus h r h, d hy rlisd hw impr i ws s p h wrkrs d ps s g i g rms, r mbilisi g gi s hir lcl xpli rs s wll s h Bri ish. G dhi ws ls cmmi d cpi lis I di. H rgrdd I di s s big fmily, xpli rs d xpli d lik.

“I d rgrd cpi l b h my f lbur,” h sid. “I hld hir c-rdi i b prfc ly pssibl.” G dhi cm up wi h jus ific i f h cpi lis ’s rl h m y cpi lis s hmslvs wuld smil s i g ius. H clld hm “ rus s” fr h ppl, d urgd h wrkrs d ps s pcfully prsud “ h l d-w rs d mplyrs bhv hiclly s rus s f h prpr y hy hld fr h cmm gd”. Why did G dhi s quickly gi mss fllwi g i I di? h ppulr imprssi , ri frcd by brugh’s film, is h i ws du his simpl, humbl lif-s yl, cmbi d wi h h wrk h did wi h h ps s’ d millh ds’ griv cs. hs my hv hlpd, bu hr wr fr dpr rs s s wll. Bfr G dhi, h I di i dp d c mvm hd suffrd frm w mjr wk sss. I s ldrs dd b s r gly id ifid wi h pr iculr rgi s, d i s c ivi y ws hplssly li is . wi g busid i slf wi h rrrism, h hr wi h s ril m i -pssi g, G dhi hd s blishd i l rpu i fr himslf hrugh his Su h fric cmpig , d hus ws bl giv h mvm i l figurhd h r sc dd p y rgi l divisi s. d his crdi , h ls gv h mvm mss ri i im wh , i spird by h Russi Rvlu i h r h d h urkish i lis mvm h ws , h msss wr rdy g i c i . Bu why shuld G dhi’s “ -vil c” hv hd such pr iculr mss ppl? L r sky prvids shrwd i sigh . r sky bsrvd xc ly h sm ph m i h rly s gs f h Russi Rvlu i . -vil c, r sky rgud, rflc d h lw dvlpm f clss s ruggl i h cu rysid d h ps s’ rsul i g lck f c fid c: If h ps s duri g h firs prid hrdly vr rsr p vil c, d r s ill ryi g giv hir c ivi is h frm f lgl prssur, his is xpli d by hir i suffici rus i hir w pwrs h mp disguis i s firs rbl s ps wi h lgli y, b h scrd d sculr, hs frm im im immmril chrc risd h s ruggl f vry rvlu i ry clss, bfr i g hrd suffici s r g h d c fid c brk h umbilicl crd which bu d i h ld sci y. his is mr cmpl ly ru f h ps ry h y hr clss Frm h miliu f h bili y i slf hr ris prchrs f c cili i . L ls y ( h vlis ) lkd dpr i h sul f h muzhik h ybdy ls. His philsphy f -vil rsis c ws g rlis i f h firs s gs f h ps rvlu i . Mh m G dhi is w fulfilli g h sm missi i I di h 1919 hr l I 1919 h Bri ish pssd h Rwl c s, which x dd wr im pwrs f rbi rry rrs , kp h i dp d c mvm i chck. hr ws mssiv rs m hrughu I di, d i Fbrury G dhi frmd S ygrh Lgu d u cd “hr l” (dy f g rl susp si f busi ss) fr pril 6. h rsp s mzd vry . hrugh Mrch d pril, hr ws wv f mss mrchs, s riks, sm ri i g d vil rprssi by h Bri ish.

People may start out with an initial prejudice against tyrants; but when tyrants or would-be tyrants treat them to adrenalin-releasing propaganda about the wickedness of their enemies particularly of enemies weak enough to be persecuted they are ready to fol]low him with enthusiasm. In his speeches Hitler kept repeating such words as "hatred," "force," "ruthless," "crush," "smash"; and he would accompany these vio]lent words with even more violent gestures. He would yell, he would scream, his veins would swell, his face would turn purple. Strong emotion (as every actor and dramatist knows) is in the highest degree contagious. Infected by the malignant frenzy of the orator, the audience would groan and sob and scream in an orgy of uninhibited passion. And these orgies were so en]joyable that most of those who had experienced them eagerly came back for more. Almost all of us long for peace and freedom; but very few of us have much enthusiasm for the thoughts, feelings and actions that make for peace and freedom

1. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements

2. The Restoration and After: The Tower and the Office of Ordnance

3. The Infinitive Constructions and The Ways of Their Using

4. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

5. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

6. The history of Old English and its development
The history of Old English and its development
7. " " . (Apokatastasis and Honorable silence in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)
8. Money and banking ( ), the role of banks ( ), modern banking ( )

9. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

10. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

11. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

12. The history of Germany and tourism

13. The Socialist-Revolutionaries and the labor movement (the beginning of the twentieth century)

14. The models of atoms nucleus and table of elements.

15. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in Cicer arietinum

16. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

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17. The Church of England

18. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

19. Economic and sociological analysis of suicide

20. How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/

21. Russia and the international economy

22. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
23. The role of art in our life
The role of art in our life
24. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry
Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

25. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

26. The History of English

27. The profile of an effective manager

28. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life

29. Myth of managment

30. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

31. The house of my dream

32. The History of Alaska ( )

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33. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

34. (essay the house of Tudor)

35. The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries Facts or a Political Arithmetick?

36. Alaskas Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction ( )

37. . (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

38. Russia and the international economy
Russia and the international economy
39. The profile of an effective manager
The profile of an effective manager
40. A Country Report and Profile - Republic of Uzbekistan
A Country Report and Profile - Republic of Uzbekistan

41. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

42. The Taming of the Shrew

43. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

44. Hatfield and the North

45. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada

46. London - the capital of Great Britain

47. Review of Bill Gatess book Business @ the Speed of Thought

48. The uniqueness of the British

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49. The faculty of mathematics of Irkutsk State University

50. Legal and linguistic aspects of translating english legal terminology

51. The commonwealth of Australia

52. The Commonwealth of Australia

53. The climate of Great Britain

54. The Doctrine of the "Mysterious Female" in Taoism
55. The sights of USA.
The sights of USA.
56. Judaism and the Jewish People
Judaism and the Jewish People

57. Robin Hood and The Sheriff

58. The constitution of Ukraine

59. The history of Christmas

60. Bosch, Hieronymus: The Temptation of St Anthony

61. Usa. Howard h. Aiken and the computer

62. Ireland and the Continent

63. The Higher school and the ways to science

64. The House of Yorks

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65. The declaration of independence

66. The system of english tenses

67. The Future of American Youths

68. The Feather of Finist the Falcon

69. The making of the collection

70. For the Beauty of the Earth
For the Beauty of the Earth
71. The Grapes of Wrath
The Grapes of Wrath
72. The history of Ancient Egypt
The history of Ancient Egypt

73. The Formation of Youth Subcultures

74. The Taming of the Shrew

75. The map of England

76. The history of Manhattan

77. World War I and the Armenian Genocide

78. The improvement of work on the rhythm in the classes of english on the materials of limericks

79. The production of 2H-labeled amino acids by a new mutant of RuMP fucultative methylotroph revibacterium methylicum

80. (The collection of dialogues on English language)

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81. Lexical and grammatical peculiarities of scientific-technical texts

82. Oscar Wilde "The picture of Dorian Gray"

83. Stylistic analysis of the part of the novel "Rebecca" by Daphne Du Maurier

84. The development of sustainable tourism in Turkey

85. The explaining of the meaning of neologism

86. The history of grammar theory
The history of grammar theory
87. The history of Moscow
The history of Moscow
88. The marking of the Russian Revolution
The marking of the Russian Revolution

89. The origins of the International Socialists

90. The philosophy should meet the challenge of the new millennium

91. The problem of violence

92. The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English

93. The system of English verbs

94. What strategy are most effective in the conditions of globalization

95. Stylistic phonetics based on the examples of the works by P.B. Shelley

96. The impact of the French Revolution on the European system

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97. Great Britain: the Land of Traditions

98. The Killing of Percy Casserley

99. The Clash of Civilizations


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