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Искусство, Культура, Литература Искусство, Культура, Литература

Great Britain: the Land of Traditions

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Министерство Образования Саратовской области Муниципальное общеобразовательное Учреждение Лицей № 37 Фрунзенского района г. Саратова Выпускная работа Grea Bri ai : he La d of radi io s Саратов, 2009 г. Co e s I roduc io 1. Roo s of s ereo ypes 2. Parliame a d he Royal Family 3. Clo hes 4. Food a d Ea i g Habi s Co clusio Lis of Li era ure I roduc io Every a io has a s ereo yped repu a io of some ki d or o her, par ly good, par ly bad. he Fre ch are supposed o be cheerful, sophis ica ed, i ellige people, fo d of good food a d he opposi e sex. A he same ime i is of e said ha hey are i olera , exci able a d somewha u predic able. he America s are said o be e erge ic, hospi able, mobile a d sociable, bu ra her boas ful a d showy. Accordi g o he resul s of he survey co duc ed amo g se ior s ude s of Lyceum 37 85 per ce fi d he Bri ish eve - empered, modes , olera , 60 per ce believe ypical Bri s o be cheerful a d ge erous while 5 per ce call hem calcula i g a d prude . We do ’ mea ha a io al repu a io s are simply a ma er of prejudice a d false ge eraliza io . here is o de yi g ha a io al differe ces i ma ers a d ou looks do exis . here is o de yi g ei her ha si ce hese differe ces arise ou of he specific developme of each cou ry hey e d o cha ge over ime while s ereo yped images remai u cha ged. As James O’Driscoll pu s i , “Socie ies cha ge over ime while heir repu a io s lag behi d”. We decided o s udy some s ereo yped images of he U i ed Ki gdom a d ry o u ders a d whe her hey are rue o life or have comple ely or par ially cha ged. Si ce i is impossible o exami e all aspec s of public life i he cou ry all cul ural a d socio cul ural peculiari ies, we have chose o ly 3 areas: as he poli ical sys em of he cou ry, food a d clo hes. As poli ical sys em of Grea Bri ai seems o be ra her complica ed a d deserves special s udies we have o ly ouched i upo focusi g o a few cha ges. Besides he lis ed below our research is based o he s udies by James O’Driscoll a d David MCDowal. 1. Roo s of s ereo ypes Before we s ar exami i g s ereo yped a i udes o he Bri ish poli ical sys em, food a d clo hi g we fi d i o ly logical o ouch upo he mos ypical assump io s a d make a a emp o race heir origi . I he i roduc io we me io ed a survey of se ior s ude s of Lyceum 37. hey were asked wha Grea Bri ai is associa ed wi h. here were also required o make a lis of 5 ou s a di g Bri s a d ame 3 Lo do ouris a rac io s. he majori y of respo de s call he cou ry he la d of radi io s a d say ha i is mos ly associa ed wi h rai y wea her, he Quee , radi io al ceremo ies, music a d foo ball. Amo g he umerous Lo do sigh s Big Be , he ower a d rafalgar square occur mos of e . A couple of s ude s me io he Lo do Eye. All he sigh s which appeared i he Bri ish capi al i he 20ie h ce ury remai obscure. Such resul s do o seem as o ishi g (do o raise he eyebrow) because “socie ies cha ge over ime while heir repu a io s lag behi d”. For example, he image of Bri ai as he cou ry where i rai s all he ime is simply o rue. I fac Lo do ge s o more rai i a year ha mos o her major Europea ci ies, a d eve less ha some.

A o her example is a ope fire-place which is called he focus of a radi io al Bri ish home eve i some rece ly published school course books. I is wor h me io i g ha ope fire places were forbidde i Lo do i he previous ce ury which helped Lo do reside s ge rid of pea-soup fogs described by E glish classical au hors. Eve he popular belief ha Bri ai is he la d of radi io should be co sidered wi h a grai of sal . I is based o wha ca be see i public life a d o ce uries of poli ical co i ui y. A he same ime o e should o forge ha mos of he formalized ri uals , for example he S a e Ope i g of Parliame a d roopi g he Colour, were i ve ed duri g he reig of Quee Vic oria ( o earlier) o ge era e a feeli g of imeless radi io as a cou erweigh o he social shock waves of he i dus rial Revolu io . ever heless a he level of public life i is rue. However, i heir priva e everyday lives he Bri ish as i dividuals, are probably less i cli ed o follow radi io ha are he people of mos o her cou ries. here are very few a cie cus oms ha are followed by he majori y of families o special occasio s. he cou ry has fewer local parades a d ceremo ies wi h ge ui e folk roo s ha mos o her cou ries have. he E glish la guage has fewer sayi gs a d proverbs ha are i commo everyday use ha ma y o her la guages do. o wo der he mos popular well-a e d fes ival i he whole Bri ai is he a ual o i g Hill Car ival i Lo do a he e d of Augus which is of Caribbea origi . Eve whe a Bri ish habi co forms o he s ereo ype, he wro g co clusio s ca some imes be draw from i . Le us ake queui g, for example. he au hors of he “How o be Bri ish” collec io Mar y Ford a d Pe er Lego wri e, “I is o rue ha queui g i Bri ai has died ou . O ly he bus queue seems o have dissolved more or less i o co i e al free-for-all. For o a pos office, or ba k, or supermarke check-ou a d you will fi d he cus om is hrivi g, wi h special rails a d apes o keep he li e s raigh . Queue jumpi g is a low a d mea offe ce. o fame or weal h, o meri or urge cy will ge you o he fro of he queue” All his, however, does o mea ha Bri ish people e joy queui g. Ma y of hem refer o i as a problem. Some ba ks promise o reduce he ime hey serve heir cus omers from 2 mi u es a d 3 seco ds o o ly 2 mi u es. I fac he Bri ish ha e havi g o wai a d are less pa ie ha people i ma y o her cou ries, Like ma y o her s ereo yped images a d false assump io s (for example hose of Russia people dri ki g vodka from samovars a d ea i g caviar wi h woode spoo s) he Bri ish o es derive from books , so gs or plays which were wri e a lo g ime ago a d which are o lo ger represe a ive of moder life. Ma y of hem are preserved i order o draw more ouris s o he cou ry. he Bri ish hemselves hi k ha people from o her cou ries should be cau ious abou ge eraliza io s as wha is of e regarded as ypically Bri ish may i fac be o ly ypically E glish or ypically Welsh. A o her reaso for cau io rela es o he large-scale immigra io o Bri ai from he cou ries-members of he Commo weal h. he ew Bri ish have made heir ow co ribu io o Bri ish life a d a i udes.

hey have probably helped o make people more i formal, hey have cha ged he a ure of he “cor er shop”. he a ual o i g Hill Car ival, me io ed above, is a o her co vi ci g argume . All he above me io ed does o mea he Bri ish are o wha hey have always bee . hey are. hey may o behave i radi io al ways, bu s ill hey apprecia e symbols of radi io a d s abili y. hey value co i ui y over moder i y a d ca be par icularly a d s ubbor ly co serva ive abou a y hi g which is perceived as a oke of Bri ish ess. I hese ma ers heir co serva ism ca combi e wi h heir i dividualism a d resul i grea pride of bei g differe . Si ce he mai objec ive of our research is o prove ha ma y s ereo yped images of Bri ai are o rue o life a y lo ger we are goi g o focus o a few ou of da e assump io s a d ge eraliza io i cludi g he poli ical sys em, food a d clo hi g. 2. Parliame a d he Royal Family Wha mos school s ude s k ow abou he poli ical sys em of he U i ed Ki gdom is ha he mo arch is he official head of s a e a d a i egral par of Parliame i her co s i u io al role, who, i fac , has o real power bu plays a ceremo ial role a d represe s he cou ry abroad. Bri ish Parliame , he lawmaki g body, co sis s of wo chambers- he House of Commo s, he members of which are elec ed, a d he House of Lords, he members of which are perma e . However Bri ish Parliame is o lo ger wha i used o be eve 30 years ago. I 1988 a group of dis i guished poli icia s, lawyers, academics, wri ers a d jour alis s bega o campaig u der he i le Char er 88 for wide ra gi g reforms. hey called for Bill of Righ s, o pro ec i dividual liber ies, a d for a wri e co s i u io o defi e a d limi he powers of Parliame . his call could be explai ed by umerous fac s of viola io s of huma righ s a d perso al liber ies duri g he1980ies.As a resul of his campaig i 1990 he Europea Cour of Jus ice made a his oric decisio ha Bri ish cour s mus suspe d a y ac of Parliame which breaches he righ s of ci ize s guara eed by Europea Commu i y Law. Parliame ary sovereig y is, herefore, already limi ed by Europea U io membership. he House of Lords has also u dergo e drama ic cha ges. Al hough i co sis s of more ha o e housa d peers, average daily a e da ce is o ly abou 300 a d mos of hese are life peers who re ai a s ro g i eres i he affairs of s a e. he idea of life peerage was i roduced i 1958 o eleva e o he peerage cer ai people who have re dered poli ical or public service o he a io i order o e ha ce he quali y of busi ess do e i he Lords. Amo g he umerous cha ges i roduced o he ac ivi ies of he House of Commo s is “selec ed commi ee” sys em which was crea ed o exami e a d mo i or gover me depar me s a d policies, a d he ma er i which mi is ers discharge heir respo sibili ies. he selec commi ee sys em co sis s of 17 i dividual commi ees “shadowi g” he expe di ure, admi is ra io a d policy of he mai gover me depar me s. Each commi ee has a more or less perma e cross par y membership, all of whom have acquired co siderable exper ise i heir respec ive fields. hey give a oppor u i y for MPs o ac more i depe de ly of heir par y ha hey are able o do i he deba i g chamber.

Its seminal value is easily seen when read in conjunction with fictional novels about childhood such as Michael Anthony's The Year in San Fernando (1965), Ian McDonald's The Hummingbird Tree (1969), Merle Hodge's Crick Crack Monkey (1970), Erna Brodber's Jane and Louisa Will Soon Come Home (1980), and Jamaica Kincaid's Annie John (1985). Season of Adventure is a much-celebrated novel of emergence interwoven with the breakdown of postcolonial society and the process of psychic and social reconstruction. Lamming's central character is a strong heroine in the tradition of McKay's Bita Plant, but Lamming's highly refined sense of historical process is quite distinct from McKay's cyclicity. Lamming's heroine is actively engaged in the political process of national reconstruction. The Emigrants and Water with Berries are novels of emigration and exile. In The Emigrants Lamming delineates the cultural dynamics of the massive West Indian immigration to Great Britain after World War II. In Water with Berries he examines the immigration of three West Indian artists to London and the effect this has on their development as men and as artists

1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

2. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

3. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life

4. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

5. London - the capital of Great Britain

6. The climate of Great Britain
The climate of Great Britain
7. Customs and traditions of Great Britain
Customs and traditions of Great Britain
8. Traditions and holidays of Great Britain
Traditions and holidays of Great Britain

9. The United Kingdom of Great Britain

10. The great Britain

11. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

12. Climate and nature of Great Britain

13. Climate of Great Britain

14. 4 capitals of Great Britain

15. The political thinking of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau decisively shaped the western intellectual tradition

16. Great Britain during and after the Napoleonic wars

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17. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in “Cicer arietinum”

18. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

19. The Church of England

20. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

21. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

22. How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/
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23. The Castles of England
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24. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers

25. The Tower of London

26. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

27. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

28. Education in Great Britain

29. The profile of an effective manager

30. The Tower of London

31. The Hero of Our Time

32. Great Britain (Великобритания)

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34. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

35. The role of art in our life

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37. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

38. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)
39. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)
40. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry
Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

41. The profile of an effective manager

42. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

43. The Taming of the Shrew

44. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

45. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada

46. Переведенная на английский лекция по теме Money and banking (деньги и банковское дело), the role of banks (роль банков), modern banking (современная банковская система)

47. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

48. Review of Bill Gates’s book ”Business @ the Speed of Thought”

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49. The uniqueness of the British

50. The faculty of mathematics of Irkutsk State University

51. School in Great Britain

52. Great Britain

53. The commonwealth of Australia

54. The Commonwealth of Australia
The Commonwealth of Australia
55. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements
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56. Culture in Great Britain
Culture in Great Britain

57. The Doctrine of the "Mysterious Female" in Taoism

58. The sights of USA.

59. The pride of the nation

60. The constitution of Ukraine

61. The history of Christmas

62. Bosch, Hieronymus: The Temptation of St Anthony

63. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

64. Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine

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65. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

66. The House of Yorks

67. The declaration of independence

68. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

69. The war of the roses

70. The Feather of Finist the Falcon
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71. Is the nature of quantum chaos classical?
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72. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
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73. The history of Ancient Egypt

74. The Formation of Youth Subcultures

75. The Restoration and After: The Tower and the Office of Ordnance

76. The Taming of the Shrew

77. The map of England

78. The history of Manhattan

79. Youth organizations in Great Britain


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81. Islam in the eyes of the West

82. Bilateral relations between countries and the complexity of newspaper editorials

83. The role of deuterium in molecular evolution

84. Communication The Exchange of Information

85. Multiple Intelligences in the structure of a new English syllabus for secondary school

86. Schooling in Great Britain
Schooling in Great Britain
87. The category of Mood
The category of Mood
88. The emergence of the first Polish socialist parties
The emergence of the first Polish socialist parties

89. The history of English

90. The history of grammar theory

91. The history of Moscow

92. The Language of Narrative Writing

93. The origin of language

94. The outline of the period

95. The philosophy should meet the challenge of the new millennium

96. The problem of violence

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97. The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English

98. The Socialist-Revolutionaries and the labor movement (the beginning of the twentieth century)

99. The War of the Roses: the Historical Facts of the Tudor Myth (Shakespeare’s Histories)

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