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The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places"

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Mi is ry of educa io a d scie ce of Ukrai e Kharkiv S a e Pedagogical U iversi y by G.S. Skovoroda Depar me : E glish Philology Course paper o he opic he selec io a d adap a io of he ma erial o he opic “ ow s a d places” Kharkiv 2003 Co e s I roduc io heore ical par he ways of i roduci g he opic “ ow s a d places” ypes of ac ivi ies Prac ical par he se of he exercises o he opic ow s of he USA ow s of Ukrai e he worki g ou of he lesso s for s ude s of he 10 h form Co clusio I. I roduc io his research paper is devo ed o he opic “ he selec io a d adap a io of he ma erial o he opic “ ow s a d places”. he opicali y of his subjec is brough abou ha ma y s ude s ravel o o her ci ies, ow s a d abroad, a d hey are eager o ell abou heir impressio s, adve ures. he opic is closely co ec ed wi h our life; i is easy for pupils o lear he words, o make up se e ces, dialogues. hey have discussio s, surveys, a d ques io aires. o our mi d, mos of s ude s ake par i he role-plays wi h grea pleasure. Such lesso s should be very various, i e sive, full of joy. A he firs lesso s ude s lear ew words, expressio s, e rich heir vocabulary s ock. La er hey ca bri g heir ow albums a d describe heir rips, ci ies, ow s hey’ve visi ed. here is a wide ra ge of ma erial for eachers, which helps hem i eachi g such a i eres i g opic. he aim of our paper is o work ou he sys em of exercises o he opic “ ow s a d places” for s ude s of i ermedia e level. Accordi g o he aim he followi g asks are o fulfill: Observe he ways of selec io s ma erial o he opic; Desig a se of ac ivi ies a d exercises, direc ed o developme of wri i g skills, speaki g, lis e i g, readi g, o he ma erial from course books adop ed by mi is ry of educa io a d scie ce of Ukrai e. II. heore ical par a) he ways of i roduci g he ew ma erial Wha ever he level of he pupils a d however la guage s udy is orga ized wi hi ESA eachi g seque ces, here are four hi gs ha eed o do wi h ew la guage: be exposed o i , u ders a d i s mea i g, u ders a d i s form (how i ’s co s ruc ed) a d prac ice i ). eachers use differe woode blocks of differe le g h a d colours here are differe visual possibili ies oo: cards, drawi gs, a d pic ures. opic “ ow s a d places” gives wide oppor u i y for usi g differe ki ds of ex s abou ci ies a d ow s of he USA, Grea Bri ai a d Ukrai e, abou he mos impor a places of i eres . ypes of ex s may be qui e differe , hey are e cyclopedia – ype ex s or shor s ories. he eacher mus ake he pupils read magazi es ar icles, le ers, s ories, me us, adver iseme s, repor s, play ex rac s, i s ruc io s, a d poems. here are very differe ki ds of work wi h ex s: S ude s are give a umber of words from he ex . hey mus guess wha ci y or ow i is; hey read he ex a d have o guess where people come from (ci y, ow ). Some places of i eres are me io ed here; S ude s read arra ive wi h he e d missi g. hey have o supply heir ow e di g. As we u ders a d he eacher mus choose he ma erial o he “ ow s a d places” so i eres i g a d useful, ha every pupil will work wi h pleasure, will be i eres ed i lear i g his opic.

he mai co di io of lear i g of he opic is k owi g words a d expressio s. I ’s basis. How ca pupils remember he ew words bes of all? hey repea he ew words af er he eacher. Repe i io ca be very useful. Chorus repe i io allows pupils o ry he ew words ou wi h everybody else ra her ha havi g o risk ge i g i wro g i fro of he class. he pupils repea he words i dividually. Choral a d i dividual repe i io s are useful for se e ces as well. Prac ice sessio s a his level are likely o be a combi a io of repe i io a d simple – maki g of he ki d he eacher is usi g i his example. Wi h differe words a d co s ruc io s he may o be able o hold up objec s or poi o hem, i s ead he ca use pic ures, drawi gs, mime, ges ure, words, e c. I ’s very useful o use i vi a io s. I ’s a good cha ce o make up good dialogues. For example: Would you like o visi he museum of wa er i Chuguyev o Su day? ha would be grea ! I’m sure I’ll be free a d we’ll go here. b) ypes of ac ivi ies S ude s eed o prac ice he ques io s a d a swer excha ge, hey work i pairs a d make as ma y i vi a io s a d replies as hey ca . I very large classes, i may be useful o divide he class i half: o e half is Sarah; he o her half is Joe. he eacher ca co duc he halves so ha hey ca prac ice he ques io s a d a swers. A much be er ki d of prac ice is o ask hem o make heir ow se e ces usi g he words correc ly if hey make some mis akes. he mai aim of he pupils is o perform some ki d of alk abou ow s a d places of i eres . here are differe ki ds of speaki g ac ivi ies from puzzle – like asks o more i volved role-playi g. O e ype of speaki g ac ivi y i volves he so-called “i forma io gap” – where wo speakers have differe par s of i forma io maki g up a whole. Because hey have differe i forma io here is a gap be wee hem. O e popular i forma io gap ac ivi y is called “Describe a d draw”. I his ac ivi y o e s ude has a pic ure which he or she mus o show his or her par er. All he par ers have o do is o draw he pic ure wi hou looki g a he origi al, so he o e wi h he pic ure will give i s ruc io s a d descrip io s a d he “ar is ” will ask ques io s. “Describe a d draw” has ma y of he eleme s of a ideal speaki g ac ivi y. I is highly mo iva i g; here is a real purpose for commu ica io . A fur her ex e sio of he i forma io gap idea occurs i he s ory – elli g ac ivi y. he eacher pu s he class i o four groups, calli g hem A, B, C, D. each group receives some pic ures of he places of i eres of some ci y or ow . he groups memorize every hi g hey ca abou he pic ures. he eacher collec s he pic ures a d asks for o e s ude from each group o form a ew four – perso group. He ells hem ha hey each see a differe pic ure, bu he pic ure ake oge her i some order or o her ell a s ory abou he ci y, may he pupils remember some fac s, de ails abou he mo ume s, museums, e c. he fi al s ories may be differe . he groups ell he whole class wha heir versio is, a d he eacher ca fi ally re-show he pic ures. heir s ory- elli g ca , of course be useful as a prelude o wri e arra ive work.

O e way of provoki g co versa io opi io excha ge is o ge s ude s o co duc ques io aires a d surveys. If he pupils pla hese ques io aires hemselves, he ac ivi y becomes eve more useful. he eacher wa s o ac iva e pupils’ k owledge. Wha ki d of ques io aire ca i be? Wha places of i eres do you always ry o visi ? Where do you s op? (a ho el, priva e fla or a house) Have you me a y i eres i g people duri g your excursio ? Have you ake a y pho os? If you a swer ‘yes’, describe he experie ce. he pupils go rou d he class ques io i g o her pupils o i g dow wha hey say. While hey are doi g his he eacher lis e s a d promp s where ecessary a d he he ge s hem o ell he class of a y i eres i g experie ce. E couragi g pupils o ge up a d walk arou d alki g o o her classma es has ma y adva ages. I varies he s ruc ure of classroom period, allows pupil a bi of physical moveme a d provides a welcome varie y of i erac io . Pupils ca desig a d use surveys a d ques io aires abou a y opic – ra spor , places where you ca res , services i he ci y, e c. he cha ge of opi io s provokes spo a eous flue la guage use. he firs hi g o remember is ha people eed ime o assemble heir hough s before discussio . he abili y o give spo a eous a d ar icula e opi io s is challe gi g i our ow la guage, le alo e he la guage we are s ruggli g o lear . he eacher s ar s by aski g i dividual s ude s o ame a y museums hey have visi ed. Did hey e joy he excursio ? Did hey lear a y i eres i g fac s abou he his ory? S ude s are broke up i o groups. hey have a cha ce o hi k of ideas. his ki d of discussio ca be formalized i o proper deba e-speakers o differe sides givi g speeches comme s. Role – play ac ivi ies are hose where s ude s are asked o imagi g ha hey are i differe si ua io s a d ac accordi gly. he eacher may ell hem o role-play bei g gues s from a o her ci y, ravel age s a sweri g cus omer ques io s, par icipa s i a public-buildi g projec , guides. For example, he co versa io a he ravel age cy. he eacher asks pupils o ask abou de ails of heir raveli g. Pupils mus s ick o he i forma io o heir origi al cards, bu ca i ve ew fac s, which fi wi h ha i forma io . he eacher ow ells he group o s ar , bu se s a ime limi for he chairperso o a ou ce he resul . While he ac ivi y is goi g o he eacher goes arou d he groups promp i g where ecessary a d maki g o es o examples of good a d bad E glish usage ha he hears. Whe he ime limi is up, he eacher asks he various chairpeople o say haw heir groups vo ed a d why. he role-game ca ow lead i o a umber of possible wri i g asks: a segme of he dialogue, a ewspaper repor , le ers o he ewspaper, pos ers, e c. We wa o describe some ma erial, which ca de used for eachi g pupils. I is divided i o wo aspec s: Ci ies of E glish-speaki g cou ries; Ci ies a d ow of Ukrai e; III. Prac ical par . he ci ies of E glish speaki g cou ries he se of he exercises Lis e i g. he four gues s from Ca ada have ow re ur ed from heir visi a d are bei g i erviewed o he local radio. Work i pairs. Before you lis e , ry o imagi e which par of your pla hey e joyed mos .

Only one guy turned me down. I guess he was queer, or something. "Did I ever have sex with another girl during that time? No. I just figured if I couldn't satisfy myself, another chick sure as hell couldn't. Besides, like I told you, I needed a cock-a nice, big, hard prick. "How did-the affair with my Uncle come about? Well, to start at the beginning, we were at the beach. That is, my folks, my Aunt Frieda and Uncle Henry. It was sort of a picnic. I was wearing a bikini that was really out of sight. The bra was a kind of see-thru and when I walked you could just about see my tits jiggling under the material. The panties were really small, the front just covering my pussy while the back showed off about half of my ass. My father asked me not to wear that one, but, like usual, I told him to get fucked. Not in so many words, of course, but I'm sure that he got the meaning. "As we walked onto the beach I could feel everyone's eyes staring at me. I really dug the feeling. Taking a deep breath, I stuck my chest way out, my boobs almost breaking out of my bra

1. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

2. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

3. The improvement of work on the rhythm in the classes of english on the materials of limericks

4. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

5. Essay on the article "Tobacco and Tolerance: Blowing smoke" (о вреде курения)

6. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
7. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)
8. Flora and Fauna of the USA
Flora and Fauna of the USA

9. Changes and specimens of the English language

10. The Life and Times of Shakespeare

11. Stylistic phonetics based on the examples of the works by P.B. Shelley

12. The impact of the French Revolution on the European system

13. The models of atom’s nucleus and table of elements.

14. Kastus Kalinovsky the Fighter for Independence of Belarus

15. The collection of French art in the Hermitage

16. Formation of group behaviour in the organisations

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17. Quality of life and management of living resources

18. Customs and traditions of English speaking countries

19. Advantages and disadvantages of television

20. Traditions and holidays of Great Britain

21. Colonization and Development of Pennsylvania

22. Life and creation of A.K. Tolstoy
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23. Syntax and semantics of verbals in English
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24. Costs and income of enterprises
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25. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

26. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

27. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

28. The history of Old English and its development

29. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

30. Апокатастасис и "Благое молчание" в эсхатологии св. Максима исповедника (Apokatastasis and «Honorable silence» in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)

31. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA

32. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements

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33. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

34. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

35. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

36. Survey of the British Geography and Life

37. The development of the drama. The theatres and actors

38. Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.)
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39. Incorporation of [2,3,4,5,6-2H5]Phenylalanine, [3,5-2H2]Tyrosine, and [2,4,5,6,7-2H5]Tryptophan into the Bacteriorhodopsin Molecule of Halobacterium halobium
40. The comparative typology of English, Russian and Uzbek languages
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41. The Infinitive Constructions and The Ways of Their Using

42. The political thinking of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau decisively shaped the western intellectual tradition

43. The Socialist-Revolutionaries and the labor movement (the beginning of the twentieth century)

44. The unions of artists - "THE BLUE ROSE" AND "THE JACK OF DIAMONDS"

45. Ghandi and the myth of non-violent action

46. The manager as a teacher: selected aspects of stimulation of scientsfsc thinking

47. The Tower of London

48. The Economy of Great Britain

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49. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

50. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)

51. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

52. The history of railways (История железных дорог)

53. How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/

54. Rome and the Roman Empire
Rome and the Roman Empire
55. Substance abuse: Alcohol Consumption and alcohol dependence among the youth (Социологическое исследование проблемы алкоголизма среди студентов)
56. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
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57. The Irish and Australia

58. The role of art in our life

59. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points

60. The Economy of Great Britain

61. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

62. The History of English

63. The profile of an effective manager

64. The Hero of Our Time

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65. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

66. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

67. The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars

68. Entertainment outside the home: Pubs and clubs Leisure and sports

69. The role of art in our life

70. Rome and the Roman Empire
Rome and the Roman Empire
71. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)
72. Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service Profiles
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73. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

74. Символ и таинство в богословии св. Максима исповедника (symbol and mystery in st.Maximus the confessor)

75. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

76. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

77. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

78. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

79. The Taming of the Shrew

80. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

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81. Hatfield and the North

82. The Problem of Holmelessness in Canada

83. History of the USA

84. A role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society

85. Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present

86. London - the capital of Great Britain
London - the capital of Great Britain
87. The History of Moscow
The History of Moscow
88. Review of Bill Gates’s book ”Business @ the Speed of Thought”

89. THE Growing Influence of English Mass Culture

90. Sports in Great Britain, the USA and Russia

91. The 8th of March

92. Discovery of the New World

93. The faculty of mathematics of Irkutsk State University

94. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

95. The United States of America

96. The lesson of English

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97. Cities of the USA

98. Robin Hood and the Butcher

99. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

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