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The War of the Roses: the Historical Facts of the Tudor Myth (Shakespeare’s Histories)

Крючки с поводками Mikado SSH Fudo "SB Chinu", №4BN, поводок 0,22 мм.
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FEDERAL AGE CY OF EDUCA IO OVOROSSIYSK BRA CH OF S A E EDUCA IO AL I S I U IO OF HIGHER PROFESSIO AL EDUCA IO “PYA IGORSK S A E LI GUIS IC U IVERSI Y” he E glish Facul y he Depar me of he E glish La guage Тheory a d eachi g Me hods of Foreig La guages a d Cul ure he War of he Roses: he His orical Fac s of he udor My h (Shakespeare’s His ories) he Course Paper i he His ory a d Cul ure of Grea Bri ai Moshikova Eka eri a Yuriev a u or: Pereyashki V.V. ovorossiysk 2006 Co e s I roduc io 1. he His orical Fac s of he udor My h 2. Shakespeare’s His ories Co clusio Refere ces Appe dix 1 Appe dix 2 I roduc io he a ago ism be wee he wo houses s ar ed wi h he over hrowi g of Ki g Richard II by his cousi , He ry Boli gbroke, Duke of La cas er, i 1399. Bei g he issue of Edward III's hird so Joh of Gau , Boli gbroke had a poor claim o he hro e. Accordi g o precede , he crow should have passed o he male desce da s of Lio el of A werp, duke of Clare ce (1338-1368), Edward III's seco d so , a d i fac , Richard II had amed Lio el's gra dso , Roger Mor imer, 4 h Earl of March as heir presump ive. However, Boli gbroke was crow ed as He ry IV. He was olera ed as ki g si ce Richard II's gover me had bee highly u popular. Boli gbroke died i 1413. His so a d successor, He ry V, was a grea soldier, a d his mili ary success agai s Fra ce i he Hu dred Years' War bols ered his e ormous populari y, e abli g him o s re g he he La cas ria hold o he hro e. He ry V's shor reig saw o e co spiracy agai s him, led by Richard, Earl of Cambridge, a so of Edmu d of La gley, he fif h so of Edward III. Cambridge was execu ed i 1415 for reaso a he s ar of he campaig leadi g up o he Ba le of Agi cour . Cambridge's wife A e Mor imer also had a claim o he hro e, bei g he daugh er of Roger Mor imer a d hus a desce da of Lio el of A werp. He ry V died i 1422, a d Richard, Duke of York, he so of Richard, Earl of Cambridge a d A e Mor imer, would grow up o challe ge his successor, he feeble Ki g He ry VI, for he crow . he choice of his heme for our course paper was mos ly co di io ed by he idea of lear i g his ory of Grea Bri ai . he objec ma er of he paper is he composi io s of W. Shakespeare mea while he subjec of our i ves iga io is he war of he roses which produced a grea effec o he fur her his ory of he U i ed Ki gdom i ge eral. he objec a d purposes of he course paper may be formula ed as follows: A aly ical s udy of he ma erial o he heme; Exposure of he da es a d impor a ce of some eve s for he La cas ria s a d he Yorkis s; Searchi g he peculiari ies i he backgrou d of differe hi gs a d eve s; Searchi g for he co di io s which i flue ced his eve ; Defi i g of he co seque ces of he eve . o achieve he se aims we looked hrough a lis of s udy books, various refere ces, pieces of press a d differe si es i I er e . Our paper co sis of he I roduc io , 2 Chap ers, Co clusio a d he lis of refere ces. 1. he His orical Fac s of he udor My h he Wars of he Roses were a series of civil wars fough i medieval E gla d from 1455 o 1487 be wee he House of La cas er a d he House of York.

he ame Wars of he Roses is based o he badges used by he wo sides, he red rose for he La cas ria s a d he whi e rose for he Yorkis s. Major causes of he co flic i clude: 1) bo h houses were direc desce de s of ki g Edward III; 2) he ruli g La cas ria ki g, He ry VI, surrou ded himself wi h u popular obles; 3) he civil u res of much of he popula io ; 4) he availabili y of ma y powerful lords wi h heir ow priva e armies; a d 5) he u imely episodes of me al ill ess by ki g He ry VI. Please see he origi s page for more i forma io o he s ar of he wars. He ry VI was roubled all his life by recurri g bou s of mad ess, duri g which he cou ry was ruled by rege s. he rege s did ' do a y be er for E gla d ha He ry did, a d he lo g Hu dred Years War wi h Fra ce spu ered o a e d wi h E gla d losi g all her possessio s i Fra ce excep for Calais. I E gla d i self a archy reig ed. obles ga hered heir ow priva e armies a d fough for local supremacy. he s ruggle o rule o behalf of a u fi ki g was o e of he surface reaso s for he ou break of hir y years of warfare ha we ow call he Wars of he Roses, fough be wee he Houses of York (whi e rose) a d La cas er (red rose). I reali y hese squabbles were a i dica io of he lawless ess ha ra rampa i he la d. More squalid ha roma ic, he Wars of he Roses decima ed bo h houses i a i ermi ably lo g, bloody s ruggle for he hro e. he rose symbols ha we ame he wars af er were o i ge eral use duri g he co flic . he House of La cas er did o eve adop he red rose as i s official symbol u il he ex ce ury. He ry VI was eve ually forced o abdica e i 1461 a d died e years la er i priso , possibly murdered. I his place ruled Edward IV of he house of York who ma aged o ge his dubious claim o he hro e legi imized by Parliame . Edward was he firs ki g o address he House of Commo s, bu his reig is o able mos ly for he co i ui g saga of he wars wi h he House of La cas er a d u successful wars i Fra ce. Whe Edward died i 1483 his so , Edward V, aged welve, followed him. I ligh of his you h Edward's u cle Richard, Duke of Glouces er, ac ed as rege . radi io al his ory, wri e by la er udor his oria s seeki g o legi imize heir mas ers' pas , has pai ed Richard as he arche ypal wicked u cle. he ru h may o be so clear cu . Some hi gs are k ow , or assumed, o be rue. Edward a d his you ger bro her were pu i he ower of Lo do , os e sibly for heir ow pro ec io . Richard had he &quo ;Pri ces i he ower&quo ; declared illegi ima e, which may possibly have bee rue. He he go himself declared ki g. He may have bee i he righ , a d cer ai ly E gla d eeded a s ro g a d able ki g. Bu he was u do e whe he pri ces disappeared a d were rumoured o have bee murdered by his orders. I he 17 h ce ury workme repairi g a s airwell a he ower fou d he bo es of wo boys of abou he righ ages. Were hese he Pri ces i he ower, a d were hey killed by heir wicked u cle? We will probably ever k ow. he perso wi h he mos o gai by killi g he pri ces was o Richard, however, bu He ry, Earl of Richmo d. He ry also claimed he hro e, seeki g &quo ;legi imacy&quo ; hrough desce from Joh of Gau a d his mis ress.

He ry defea ed a d killed Richard a he Ba le of Boswor h Field (1485), claimi g he crow which was fou d ha gi g upo a bush, a d placi g i upo his ow head. Boswor h marked he e d of he Wars of he Roses. here was o o e else lef o figh . I also marked he e d of he feudal period of E glish his ory. Wi h he dea h of Richard III he crow passed from he Pla age e li e o he ew House of udor, a d a ew era of his ory bega . Ki gs were gai i g he upper ha d i he s ruggle wi h he baro s. hey e couraged he grow h of ow s a d rade. hey ook more advisors a d officials from he ew mercha middle class. his eroded he power of he la d-based obili y. Fur her, ki gs es ablished royal cour s o replace local feudal cour s a d replaced feudal du ies (which had bee difficul o collec i a y case) wi h direc axa io . hey crea ed a io al s a di g armies i s ead of relyi g o feudal obliga io s of service from vassals. Feudal ki gdoms moved slowly owards becomi g a io s. I he la e 1400's he House of York fough he House of La cas er for he E glish crow . Because La cas er's heraldic badge was a red rose a d York's was a whi e rose, he lo g co flic came o be k ow as he Wars of he Roses (1455 - 1485). he wars s ar ed whe he obles of York rose agai s He ry VI of La cas er who was a feeble ruler. Edward IV, of York, replaced He ry as ki g. La er, He ry agai became ki g, bu los his crow o ce more o Edward af er he ba le of ewkesbury i 1471. he Yorkis s held power u il Richard III los his hro e o he La cas ria He ry udor. He ry udor married i o he House of York. his perso al u io e ded he co flic , a d a ew famous dy as y, he udors, emerged. &quo ;A d here I prophesy: his brawl oday, Grow o his fac io i he emple garde , Shall se d, be wee he Red Rose a d he Whi e, A housa d souls o dea h a d deadly igh .&quo ; — Warwick, He ry VI, Par O e he Wars of he Roses (1455–1485) is he ame ge erally give o he i ermi e civil war fough over he hro e of E gla d be wee adhere s of he House of La cas er a d he House of York. Bo h houses were bra ches of he Pla age e royal house, raci g heir desce from Ki g Edward III. he ame Wars of he Roses was o used a he ime, bu has i s origi s i he badges chose by he wo royal houses, he Red Rose of La cas er, whose re ai ers e ded o favour red coa s or red roses as heir symbol, a d he Whi e Rose of York, whose me of e spor ed whi e coa s, or whi e rose i sig ia. he Wars were fough largely by he la ded aris ocracy a d armies of feudal re ai ers. he House of La cas er fou d mos of i s suppor i he sou h a d wes of he cou ry, while suppor for he House of York came mai ly from he or h a d eas . he Wars of he Roses, wi h heir heavy casual ies amo g he obili y, would usher i a period of grea social upheaval i feudal E gla d a d iro ically lead o he fall of he Pla age e dy as y. he period would see he decli e of E glish i flue ce o he Co i e , a weake i g of he feudal power of he obles a d by defaul a s re g he i g of he mercha classes, a d he grow h of a s ro g, ce ralized mo archy u der he udors. I arguably heralded he e d of he medieval period i E gla d a d he moveme owards he Re aissa ce.

Why were the letters addressed in the first place to Hercule Poirot (почему письма были сначала адресованы Эркюлю Пуаро), a private detective (частному детективу), and not to the police (а не в полицию)?" "Erroneously (ошибочно) I imagined some personal reason (я вообразил некую личную причину)." praise [prez], intentionally [nxten3(Ќ)n(Ќ)l], erroneously [xrЌ;nЌsl] "We now come to murder No. 3 the important in fact, the real murder from your point of view." "And here a full measure of praise is due to Hastings, who made a simple and obvious remark to which no attention was paid." "He suggested that the third letter went astray intentionally. And he was right! ." "In that one simple fact lies the answer to the question that has puzzled me so all along. Why were the letters addressed in the first place to Hercule Poirot, a private detective, and not to the police?" "Erroneously I imagined some personal reason." "Not at all (вовсе нет)! The letters were sent to me (письма были отправлены мне) because the essence of your plan was (потому, что суть вашего плана была /такова/) that one of them should be wrongly addressed (что одно из них должно быть неверно адресовано) and go astray (и потеряться) but you cannot arrange for a letter (но вы не можете организовать, чтобы письмо) addressed to the Criminal Investigation Department of Scotland Yard (адресованное Отделению криминальных расследований Скотланд-Ярда) to go astray (потерялось)! It is necessary to have a private address (было необходимо иметь частный адрес)

1. The war of the roses

2. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

3. Historical measurement of the science of governing

4. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

5. The political thinking of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau decisively shaped the western intellectual tradition

6. The models of atom’s nucleus and table of elements.
7. Model of atom’s nucleus and table of elements
8. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers

9. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

10. The U.S. Army Campaigns of World War II

11. The Tower of London

12. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

13. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

14. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

15. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)

16. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

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17. Jealousy as the cause of internal self-destruction in "Kreutzer Sonata" by Leo Tolstoy (Ревность как причина внутреннего самоуничтожения в "Крейцеровой сонате" Льва Толстого)

18. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

19. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

20. How telecommunication change the defenition of work /Telework/

21. My modern image of the United States

22. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
23. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)
24. The Tower of London
The Tower of London

25. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

26. The Economy of Great Britain

27. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

28. The History of English

29. The profile of an effective manager

30. The Tower of London

31. The history of Old English and its development

32. The Queen of the UK

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33. The house of my dream

34. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

35. Ways of exploring the world

36. The role of art in our life

37. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

38. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)
39. The fastest computers of the world
The fastest computers of the world
40. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

41. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

42. Dark side of the monn - Жизнь после смерти

43. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

44. Финансовые инструменты ("Financial Instruments. Teaching materials of the course")

45. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA

46. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

47. The Taming of the Shrew

48. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

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49. The dark side of the moon

50. History of the USA

51. The United States of America

52. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

53. London - the capital of Great Britain

54. The History of Moscow
The History of Moscow
55. Review of Bill Gates’s book ”Business @ the Speed of Thought”
56. THE Growing Influence of English Mass Culture
THE Growing Influence of English Mass Culture

57. The United States Of America

58. The uniqueness of the British

59. The protection of the environment

60. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

61. The United States of America

62. The lesson of English

63. Cities of the USA

64. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

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65. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

66. Washington is the capital of the USA

67. Flora and Fauna of the USA

68. Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?

69. The political system of Ukraine

70. The cities of USA
The cities of USA
71. Eyck, Jan van: The Adoration of the Lamb
Eyck, Jan van: The Adoration of the Lamb
72. Art of the Edo Period
Art of the Edo Period

73. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR

74. Kastus Kalinovsky the Fighter for Independence of Belarus

75. Dawn of the digital information era

76. History of democracy of the USA

77. Political System of the USA

78. Survival of the Welsh Language

79. The House of Yorks

80. The declaration of independence

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81. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

82. The system of english tenses

83. A Brief History of the Internet and Related Networks

84. Survey of the British Geography and Life

85. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Most Popular Poet of the Nineteenth Century

86. Ways of exploring the world
Ways of exploring the world
87. Problems of the youth (friendship, love, conflicts)
Problems of the youth (friendship, love, conflicts)
88. The making of the collection
The making of the collection

89. Some problems of the russian spelling

90. Some problems of borrowing in the Russian language

91. London city - Capital of the United Kingdom

92. The Grapes of Wrath

93. Valley of the Kings

94. Establishment of the Federal judicial system

95. The Formation of Youth Subcultures

96. The Restoration and After: The Tower and the Office of Ordnance

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97. Second period of the Renaissance.

98. The Taming of the Shrew

99. The Society of Travelling Art Exhibitions

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