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История История

Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

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I he early we ie h-ce ury i Czaris Russia, as well as o i s a io al border regio s, i cludi g i Belarus ( he so-called or h-Wes provi ce), here was a series of democra ic processes. here was a massive s ruggle for social ema cipa io , which resul ed i he Revolu io 1905 - 1907 period, resul i g from he saris mo archy was forced o ra sform i self i o a co s i u io al (lau ched Duma). O he ou skir s of he a io al s ruggle for social ema cipa io a d rei forced by a ba le for a io al i eres s. saris gover me o make cer ai co cessio s. So, December 25, 1904 was repealed a ba o he Belarusia word i pri , which opera ed si ce 1867. hey bega o legally leave heir a ive la guage Belarusia books, ewspapers a d magazi es. I e sified hea rical musical life. U equivocal a io al colori g acquired pai i gs. I ge eral, his was he period of he Belarusia a io al revival. O he cul ural-his orical are a here are such gia s as Ya ka Kupala a d Yakub Kolas i he li era ure, Ih a Buj icki i he hea rical sphere, Eu hymios Kars i philology a d bibliography, Euge e Hleb sevich i Libraria ship. I 1902, he formed he firs Belarusia a io al Par y AAH (Belarusia Socialis Gromada) - Leadi g par y of s ude s, officials a d wri ers. I 1903, delega es of he Co gress I ook AAH program aimed a achievi g au o omy of Belarus. I 1906 a he II Co gress of he AAH hesis au o omy was deepe ed a d assig ed, suppleme ed by he idea of co ve i g he Die . he mos impor a ce ers of he Belarusia a io al revival were he Vil a, Mi sk, Grod o a d Pe ersburg, which uchilos ma y you g people from Belarus, especially i he Grod o regio . I he wake of he a io al libera io moveme arose Belarusia scie ific-li erary circle of s ude s of S . Pe ersburg U iversi y. Members of he circle, a d he firs k ow la er library ac ivis Euge e Hleb sevich, who i i ia ed he es ablishme of free public libraries i Belarus. As he his oria of libraria ship MI Bye, &quo ;was crea ed 11 public libraries: i e i he Grod o provi ce a d wo i Mi sk. hey dis ribu ed li era ure amo g he reside s of more ha 100 villages &quo ;. he basis of hese libraries were progressive book publisher FF Pavle kov. Bro her Euge e Hleb sevicha Vladimir wro e ha &quo ;a well-k ow publisher Pavle kov do a ed as a beques capi al o he device of public libraries&quo ; . Ac ive par icipa io i he selec io of li era ure for public libraries a d heir supply has democra ic i ellige sia of Belarus. For example, Ya ka Kupala, who was a ha ime i S . Pe ersburg, e sure people's library of publica io s of Belarusia publishi g house &quo ;Look so ce і ® our ako sa. Members of he Belarusia scie ific a d li erary circles of S . Pe ersburg U iversi y bus led abou ge i g books from publishers &quo ;K owledge&quo ;, &quo ;media or&quo ; a d o hers, orga ized eve i gs a d co cer s, par of he collec io of which was o purchase books for public libraries. A he reques of members of he group Pe ersburg Academy of Scie ces as a excep io o free alloca ed libraries works of Russia classical li era ure, se heir books ols oy, Gorky, Serafimovich. Due o public libraries Belarusia peasa s firs oppor u i y o ge acquai ed wi h he works of heir a io al wri ers Ya ka Kupala, Yakub Kolas, au s, F.

Bahu&scaro ;evič a d o hers, wi h he firs Belarusia ewspaper &quo ;Our share&quo ; a d &quo ; asha iva&quo ;. he idea of free public libraries, he desire o make he book accessible o he masses orga ically fi i o he socialis ideology, which had bee commi ed a d Euge e Hleb sevich, a ac ive worker masses. A he i vi a io of au s, he ook par i he II Co gress of AAH . He was perso ally acquai ed wi h ma y members of his par y: he same au , K. la er s, A. Burbisom a d o hers. he idea of socialism i he bes se se of he word is qui e close o he Belarusia me ali y, our charac er. Si ce a cie imes Belarus has i s peculiar dis ribu io of popular socialism - oloka. Duri g he agricul ural works provided free collec ive assis a ce o hose i eed: widows, soldiers' wives, lo ely elderly people. Do o accide ally press orga s of he Belarusia Socialis masses of he ewspaper &quo ;Our share&quo ; a d especially &quo ; asha iva&quo ; were ruly all-cou ry ewspapers. A he Library Scie ce a d li erary hemes i hem ac ively published Euge e Hleb sevich. Socialis ideology, i i s ideal, i he correc , u dis or ed form a d is close o u iversal values, he Chris ia religio . Fa her Euge e Hleb sevicha had direc releva ce o he spiri ual service. Iva Hleb sevich augh ari hme ic, a cie Greek a d La i la guages, geography i Zhirovichi a religious school a d also headed he library Zhirovichi mo as ery. &quo ;I he library very of e visi ed his so , Euge e. He s udied wi h his fa her, as o e mus be able o read he book, o k ow i &quo ;, - o es he moder e h ographer S Chigri . A y library appears o us as a ki d of emple, especially he mo as ic library - his is all we ca say, a emple i he emple. hus, si ce early childhood Euge e Hleb sevich had he oppor u i y o par ake of God's grea gif book, dreami g of maki g i socially mea i gful, accessible o all people. While s udyi g Zhirovichi boy i a religious school a d Vil a Or hodox semi ary o ly s re g he ed his desire. he , whe Euge e Hleb sevich was already a s ude a S . Pe ersburg U iversi y, pla s o &quo ;Library of socialism&quo ; were ra sla ed i o real life. Co ec ed o his work a d fa her Euge e. I he village of he dis ric Kle iki Belsky Grod o provi ce, he headed he free public library, readi g room amed af er FF Pavle kova, ope ed i 1907 hrough he effor s of his so Euge e. A he same ime here i Kle ikah, Iva Hleb sevich served i he local church Or hodox pries . I 1911, Euge e Hleb sevich a e ded he Firs All-Russia Co gress of Libraria ship, where a prese a io o &quo ;Library Developme i Belarus&quo ;, i which grea a e io paid o he ac ivi y of free public libraries. I 1912, s ude ’s circle has issued a pamphle i Kov o E. Hleb sevicha “Libraries a d coopera io &quo ;, o e of he firs works o he heory a d he orga iza io of library scie ce. a urally, he basis for he orga iza io of library work by he au hor o he pri ciple of he socialis forma io a d fu c io i g of a io al libraries. How researcher of library scie ce he wro e a o her book &quo ; he mass reader a d a i-religious propaga da&quo ;, &quo ;ge eral reader, a d work wi h he book, he firs of which was published i Moscow a d Le i grad i 1928, he seco d - i Moscow i 1936.

he works were wri e i he spiri of socialism, i he spiri of social jus ice, equali y a d democracy reader. E. Hleb sevich s ill very co cer ed abou mee i g he readi g eeds of he commo ma , a d a i-religious propaga da was o impose he Sovie socio-poli ical model is a raves y a d dis or s he rue socialism. As li erary cri ic E. Hleb sevich published i S . Pe ersburg i 1914 he book &quo ;Revival of he Belarusia populis li era ure&quo ;, repri ed i 1917 u der he i le &quo ;Populis Poe ry Belarusia s. Domes ic cul ural s udies a d li erary AM Pe kevich wi h regre ha Euge e Hleb sevich &quo ;i 1930 was forced o flee from he Belarusia i ellec uals fleei g pogroms i Russia&quo ; . I ge eral, Euge e Hleb sevich we dow i his ory as he famous Belarusia , a d he he Russia researcher of library scie ce as he bes ma of his ime, he i i ia or of crea io i Belarus e work of free public libraries. Ideas Hleb sevicha accessible books, k owledge a d educa io lives i our cou ry oday.

This was the first of at least thirty major award nominations she would eventually receive. Nobody would argue with the statement that she is the greatest American actress of the last fifty years. A moment of history? Of course. It was the last time Meryl Streep had to audition for anything. Photograph by Van Williams. Courtesy Billy Rose Theatre Division, The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, Astor. Nichols, Quintero, Fosse, and Streep may stand out, but they are only four out of scores of extraordinary figures that dropped in and out of my life during the 1970s. New York was a stricken city in that decade. It was destitute, filthy, and dangerous. Actors, hookers, and muggers peopled the theater district in equal numbers. Dark theaters outnumbered the ones with running shows. Most of my theater friends spent far more time unemployed than employed. Life was not easy for any of us. And yet we all belonged to an intensely active, optimistic, and interdependent community. My tight-knit gang gathered for potluck supper parties, diligently trooped off to see each othersБЂ™ shows, sang Irish ballads in crowded taverns, and biked furiously through Manhattan traffic as if we owned the town

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3. Поиск культурных корней Американцев (Looking for cultural roots of Americans)

4. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

5. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

6. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation
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7. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание
8. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
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9. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

10. Апокатастасис и "Благое молчание" в эсхатологии св. Максима исповедника (Apokatastasis and «Honorable silence» in the eschatology of st. Maximus the confessor)

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12. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

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14. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

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16. Survey of the British Geography and Life

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18. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

19. Bilateral relations between countries and the complexity of newspaper editorials

20. Incorporation of [2,3,4,5,6-2H5]Phenylalanine, [3,5-2H2]Tyrosine, and [2,4,5,6,7-2H5]Tryptophan into the Bacteriorhodopsin Molecule of Halobacterium halobium

21. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

22. The history of Germany and tourism
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23. The Life and Times of Shakespeare
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24. The Participation of American and British Youth in Political Life of Their Countries.
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25. The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places"

26. The unions of artists - "THE BLUE ROSE" AND "THE JACK OF DIAMONDS"

27. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism

28. The life and work of the self-employed socialist intellectual, Humphrey McQueen

29. The Tower of London

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35. The history of railways (История железных дорог)

36. Economic and sociological analysis of suicide

37. Essay on the article "Tobacco and Tolerance: Blowing smoke" (о вреде курения)

38. My modern image of the United States
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39. Russia and the international economy
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40. The Castles of England
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41. The fastest computers of the world

42. The Irish and Australia

43. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)

44. The Tower of London

45. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

46. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

47. Lexicology. Different dialects and accents of English

48. The History of English

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52. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

53. The house of my dream

54. The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars
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55. Entertainment outside the home: Pubs and clubs Leisure and sports
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56. Ways of exploring the world
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57. The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars

58. Rome and the Roman Empire

59. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

60. Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service Profiles

61. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

62. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

63. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

64. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

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65. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

66. Корпоративный имидж (Advertising and public relations)

67. A Country Report and Profile - Republic of Uzbekistan

68. The history of Australia

69. The Taming of the Shrew

70. The teaching of Hugo Gratius
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71. Huey Lewis and the News
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73. The dark side of the moon

74. Advantages and disadvantages of TV

75. The United States of America

76. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

77. Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present

78. London - the capital of Great Britain

79. The History of Moscow

80. What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?

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82. Problems of the youth

83. Advantages and disadvantages of television

84. The 8th of March

85. Problems of city and country life

86. The protection of the environment
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87. The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease
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88. Decline of ukrainian statehood and culture (1712-1783)

89. Period of lithuanian and polish rule (1360-1599)

90. The United States of America

91. The lesson of English

92. Cities of the USA

93. Robin Hood and the Butcher

94. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

95. Washington is the capital of the USA

96. Alcohol and the Workplace

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97. The pride of the nation

98. Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?

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