Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
сделать стартовой добавить в избранное
Кефирный гриб на сайте www.za4et.net.ru

Иностранные языки Иностранные языки

The origin and history of the English language

Фонарь желаний бумажный, оранжевый.
В комплекте: фонарик, горелка. Оформление упаковки - 100% полностью на русском языке. Форма купола "перевёрнутая груша" как у
87 руб
Раздел: Небесные фонарики
Пакеты с замком "Extra зиплок" (гриппер), комплект 100 штук (150x200 мм).
Быстрозакрывающиеся пакеты с замком "зиплок" предназначены для упаковки мелких предметов, фотографий, медицинских препаратов и
148 руб
Раздел: Гермоупаковка
Фонарь садовый «Тюльпан».
Дачные фонари на солнечных батареях были сделаны с использованием технологии аккумулирования солнечной энергии. Уличные светильники для
106 руб
Раздел: Уличное освещение

Министерство образования Республики Беларусь Учреждение образования «Гомельский государственный университет им. Ф. Скорины» Филологический факультет Курсовая работа HE ORIGI A D HIS ORY OF HE E GLISH LA GUAGE Исполнитель: Студентка группы К-52 Ловренчук Т.Е. Гомель 2007 СодержаниеI roduc io 1. Origi of E glish la guage 2. His ory of E glish la guage 3. E glish li era ure Co clusio Li era ure I roduc io I order ha we may se a jus value upo he li erary labours of hose who, i former imes, gave par icular a e io o he cul ure of he E glish la guage, a d ha we may he be er judge of he credibili y of moder pre e sio s o fur her improveme s, i seems ecessary ha we should k ow some hi g of he course of eve s hrough which i s ack owledged meliora io i earlier days ook place. For, i his case, he ex e of a ma 's k owledge is he s re g h of his argume . As Baco quo es Aris o le, &quo ;Qui respiciu ad pauca, de facili pro u cia .&quo ; He ha akes a arrow view, easily makes up his mi d. Bu wha is a y opi io wor h, if fur her k owledge of fac s ca co fu e i ? Wha soever is successively varied, or has such a ma er of exis e ce as ime ca affec , mus have had bo h a origi a d a progress; a d may have also i s par icular his ory, if he oppor u i y for wri i g i be o eglec ed. Bu such is he levi y of ma ki d, ha hi gs of grea mome are of e lef wi hou memorial, while he ha d of Li era ure is busy o beguile he world wi h rifles or wi h fic io s, wi h fa cies or wi h lies. he rude a d cursory la guages of barbarous a io s, ill he ge ius of Grammar arise o heir rescue, are amo g hose ra si ory hi gs which u spari g ime is ever hurryi g away, irrecoverably, o oblivio . radi io k ows o wha hey were; for of heir cha ges she akes o accou . Philosophy ells us, hey are resolved i o he variable, flee i g brea h of he successive ge era io s of hose by whom hey were spoke ; whose ki dred fa e i was, o pass away u o iced a d ameless, los i he eleme s from which hey spru g. Upo he his ory of he E glish la guage, dark ess hicke s as we read back he course of ime. he subjec of our i quiry becomes, a every s ep, more difficul a d less wor hy. We have ow a rac of E glish li era ure, bo h ex e sive a d lumi ous; a d hough ma y moder wri ers, a d o few eve of our wri ers o grammar, are compara ively very deficie i s yle, i is safe o affirm ha he E glish la guage i ge eral has ever bee wri e or spoke wi h more proprie y a d elega ce, ha i is a he prese day. Moder E glish we read wi h facili y; a d ha which was good wo ce uries ago, hough co siderably a iqua ed, is s ill easily u ders ood. he bes way, herefore, o gai a prac ical k owledge of he cha ges which our la guage has u dergo e, is, o read some of our older au hors i re rograde order, ill he s yle employed a imes more a d more remo e, becomes i some degree familiar. Pursued i his ma er, he s udy will be less difficul , a d he labour of he curious i quirer, which may be suspe ded or resumed a pleasure, will be be er repaid, ha if he proceed i he order of his ory, a d a emp a firs he Saxo remai s. 1. Origi of E glish la guage he value of a la guage as a objec of s udy, depe ds chiefly o he charac er of he books which i co ai s; a d, seco darily, o i s co exio wi h o hers more wor hy o be horoughly k ow .

I his i s a ce, here are several circums a ces which are calcula ed soo o discourage research. As our la guage ook i s rise duri g he barbarism of he dark ages, he books hrough which i s early his ory mus be raced, are o o ly few a d meagre, bu , i respec o grammar, u se led a d diverse. I is o o be expec ed ha i quiries of his ki d will ever e gage he a e io of a y very co siderable umber of perso s. Over he mi ds of he readi g public, he a rac io s of ovel y hold a much grea er i flue ce, ha a y hi g ha is o be discovered i he dusk of a iqui y. All old books co ai a grea er or less umber of obsole e words, a d a iqua ed modes of expressio , which puzzle he reader, a d call him oo freque ly o his glossary. A d eve he mos commo erms, whe hey appear i heir a cie , u se led or hography, are of e so disguised as o o be readily recog ized. hese circums a ces ( he las of which should be a cau io o us agai s i ova io s i spelli g) re ard he progress of he reader, impose a labour oo grea for he ardour of his curiosi y, a d soo dispose him o res sa isfied wi h a ig ora ce, which, bei g ge eral, is o likely o expose him o ce sure. For hese reaso s, a cie au hors are li le read; a d he real a iquary is co sidered a ma of odd habi s, who, by a si gular prope si y, is led i o s udies bo h u fashio able a d frui less-- a ma who ough o have bee bor i he days of old, ha he migh have spoke he la guage he is so curious o k ow, a d have appeared i he cos ume of a age be er sui ed o his as e. Bu Lear i g is ever curious o explore he records of ime, as well as he regio s of space; a d wherever her i s i u io s flourish, she will amass her reasures, a d spread hem before her vo aries. Differe ce of la guages she easily overcomes; bu he leade reig of u le ered Ig ora ce defies her scru i y. He ce, of o e period of he world's his ory, she ever speaks wi h horror-- ha &quo ;lo g igh of apos asy,&quo ; duri g which, like a lo e Sibyl, she hid her precious relics i soli ary cells, a d fleei g from degraded Chris e dom, sough refuge wi h he eas er caliphs. &quo ; his awful decli e of rue religio i he world carried wi h i almos every ves ige of civil liber y, of classical li era ure, a d of scie ific k owledge; a d i will ge erally be fou d i experie ce ha hey mus all s a d or fall oge her.&quo ;--Hi s o olera io , p. 263. I he e h ce ury, beyo d which we fi d o hi g ha bears much resembla ce o he E glish la guage as ow wri e , his me al dark ess appears o have ga hered o i s deepes obscura io ; a d, a ha period, E gla d was su k as low i ig ora ce, supers i io , a d depravi y, as a y o her par of Europe. he E glish la guage gradually varies as we race i back, a d becomes a le g h ide ified wi h he A glo-Saxo ; ha is, wi h he dialec spoke by he Saxo s af er heir se leme i E gla d. hese Saxo s were a fierce, warlike, u le ered people from Germa y; whom he a cie Bri o s had i vi ed o heir assis a ce agai s he Pic s a d Sco s. Cruel a d ig ora , like heir Go hic ki dred, who had bu la ely overru he Roma empire, hey came, o for he good of o hers, bu o accommoda e hemselves.

hey accordi gly seized he cou ry; des royed or e slaved he a cie i habi a s; or, more probably, drove he rem a of hem i o he mou ai s of Wales. Of Welsh or a cie Bri ish words, Charles Bucke, who says i his grammar ha he ook grea pai s o be accura e i his scale of deriva io , e umera es bu o e hu dred a d eleve , as ow fou d i our la guage; a d Dr. Joh so , who makes hem bu i e y-five, argues from heir pauci y, or almos o al abse ce, ha he Saxo s could o have mi gled a all wi h hese people, or eve have re ai ed hem i vassalage. he a cie la guages of Fra ce a d of he Bri ish isles are said o have proceeded from a o her la guage ye more a cie , called he Cel ic ; so ha , from o e commo source, are supposed o have spru g he prese Welsh, he prese Irish, a d he prese Highla d Sco ch. he erm Cel ic Dr. Webs er defi es, as a ou , &quo ; he la guage of he Cel s;&quo ; a d, as a adjec ive, &quo ;Per ai i g o he primi ive i habi a s of he sou h a d wes of Europe, or o he early i habi a s of I aly, Gaul, Spai , a d Bri ai .&quo ; Wha u i y, accordi g o his, here was, or could have bee , i he a cie Cel ic o gue, does o appear from books, or is i easy o be co jec ured. Ma y a cie wri ers sus ai his broad applica io of he erm Cel ae or Cel s ; which, accordi g o S rabo's e ymology of i , mea s horseme , a d seems o have bee almos as ge eral asour word I dia s. Bu Casar i forms us ha he ame was more par icularly claimed by he people who, i his day, lived i Fra ce be wee he Sei e a d he Garo e, a d who by he Roma s were called Galli, or Gauls. 5. he Cel ic ribes are said o have bee he desce da s of Gomer, he so of Japhe . he E glish his oria s agree ha he firs i habi a s of heir isla d owed heir origi a d heir la guage o he Cel a , or Gauls, who se led o he opposi e shore. Julius Casar, who i vaded Bri ai abou half a ce ury before he Chris ia era, fou d he i habi a s ig ora of le ers, a d des i u e of a y his ory bu oral radi io . o his, however, hey paid grea a e io , eachi g every hi g i verse. Some of he Druids, i is said i Casar's Comme aries, spe we y years i lear i g o repea so gs a d hym s ha were ever commi ed o wri i g. hese a cie pries s, or divi ers, are represe ed as havi g grea power, a d as exercisi g i i some respec s be eficially; bu heir horrid ri es, wi h huma sacrifices, provoked he Roma s o des roy hem. Smolle says, &quo ; iberius suppressed hose huma sacrifices i Gaul; a d Claudius des royed he Druids of ha cou ry; bu hey subsis ed i Bri ai ill he reig of ero, whe Paulus Sue o ius reduced he isla d of A glesey, which was he place of heir re rea , a d overwhelmed hem wi h such u expec ed a d sudde des ruc io , ha all heir k owledge a d radi io , co veyed o hem i he so gs of heir predecessors, perished a o ce.&quo ;-- Smolle 's His . of E g. , 4 o, B. i, Ch. i. 2. His ory of E glish la guage he Roma s co sidered Bri ai a provi ce of heir empire, for a period of abou five hu dred years; bu he or her par of he isla d was ever e irely subdued by hem, a d o ill A o Domi i 78, a hu dred a d hir y- hree years af er heir firs i vasio of he cou ry, had hey comple ed heir co ques of E gla d.

Consent & Consensus. (New York: Praeger, 1971.) Pateman, Carole. Participation and Democtaric Theory. (Cambridge University Press, 1970.) Pitkin, Hanna Fenichel, ed. Representation. (New York: Atherton Press, 1969.) Schramm, F. K. ed. The Bundestag: Legislation in the Fed eral Republic of Germany. (Bonn: E. Beinhauer, 1973.) Spufford, Peter. Origins of the English Parliament. (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967.) POLITICS/Comparative Berkowitz, S. D., and Robert K. Logan, eds. Canada's Third Option. (Toronto: Macmillan of Canada, 1978.) Blondel, Jean. Comparing Political Systems. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1973.) Cohen, Ronald, and John Middleton, eds. Comparative Political Systems: Studies in the Politics of Preindustrial Societies. (Garden City, N.Y.: Natural History Press, 1967.) Finer, S. E. Comparative Government. (Harmondsworth, Middlessex: Penguin Books, 1970.) Gordon, Morton. Comparative Political Systems: Managing Conflict. (New York: Macmillan, 1972.) Hamilton, Alastair. The Appeal of Fascism: A Study of Intel lectuals and Fascism 19191945. (London: Anthony Blond, 1971.) Kennedy, Gavin, ed

1. The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places"

2. The history of Old English and its development

3. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

4. Changes and specimens of the English language

5. A Brief History of the Internet and Related Networks

6. History of the USA
History of the USA
7. The Life and Times of Shakespeare
The Life and Times of Shakespeare
8. The creation and activities of local organizations of the Bund Belarus
The creation and activities of local organizations of the Bund Belarus

9. Lectures in Contrastive Lexicology of the English and Ukrainian Languages

10. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language

11. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia

12. Сборник диалогов по английскому языку для развития устной речи старшеклассников (The collection of dialogues on English language)

13. The history of Germany and tourism

14. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

15. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

16. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

Кольцедержатель "Дерево с оленем", большой, черный.
Стильный аксессуар в виде фигурки оленя с ветвящимися рогами – держатель для украшений, - выполнен из прочного пластика двух классических
494 руб
Раздел: Подставки для украшений
Кукла "Принцесса Золушка" с развевающейся юбкой.
Кукла-принцесса Золушка с развевающейся юбкой - невероятно интересная и эффектная игрушка для всех поклонниц знаменитых Disney Princess!
673 руб
Раздел: Золушка
Набор детской складной мебели Ника "Азбука" (КУ2).
Для детей от 3-7 лет. Стол 580х600х450 мм. Стул мягкий: высота до сиденья 320 мм, высота со спинкой 570 мм. Сиденье: 300х280 мм. В наборе:
1444 руб
Раздел: Наборы детской мебели

17. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

18. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

19. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy

20. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

21. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

22. The English language
The English language
23. Historical Background of the Middle English Period
Historical Background of the Middle English Period
24. Survival of the Welsh Language
Survival of the Welsh Language

25. Survey of the British Geography and Life

26. The Restoration and After: The Tower and the Office of Ordnance

27. Famous journalist of the English-speaking country. Benjamin Franklin

28. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

29. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

30. French Borrowings in the Modern English Language

31. Stylistic Classification of the English Vocabulary

32. The history of Moscow

Письменные принадлежности "Набор первоклассника", 28 предметов.
В наборе: акварель, альбом для рисования, блокнот, доска для лепки, 2 карандаша чернографитных, карандаши цветные, картон цветной формата
551 руб
Раздел: Наборы канцелярские
Банка для сыпучих продуктов "Лавандовый букет", 9,5x13 см, 500 мл.
Банка для сыпучих продуктов прекрасно впишется в кухонный интерьер. Материал: доломит. Объем: 500 мл. Размер: 9,5x13 см.
307 руб
Раздел: Керамические
Циркуль металлический "Stop System" с грифелем 2 мм.
Эксклюзивная инновация. Кронцепция Stop System фиксирует штанги циркуля в нужном положении, предотвращая их нежелательное смещение, и
357 руб
Раздел: Циркули, чертежные инструменты

33. The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English

34. The War of the Roses: the Historical Facts of the Tudor Myth (Shakespeare’s Histories)

35. The models of atom’s nucleus and table of elements.

36. My modern image of the United States

37. The fastest computers of the world

38. The Irish and Australia
The Irish and Australia
39. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)
40. Lexicology. Different dialects and accents of English
Lexicology. Different dialects and accents of English

41. The Queen of the UK

42. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

43. The fastest computers of the world

44. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

45. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

46. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

47. The dark side of the moon

48. Customs and traditions of English speaking countries

Чайник со свистком из нержавеющей стали "Mayer & Boch", 2 л.
Корпус чайника выполнен из высококачественной нержавеющей стали, что обеспечивает долговечность использования. Корпус с зеркальной
695 руб
Раздел: Чайники из нержавеющей стали
Мельница для специй AK-7112K "Alpenkok", 16 см.
Размеры: Ø5х16 см. Корпус из дерева и акрила. Цвет: бежевый. Механизм мельницы с керамическими жерновами. Не впитывает влагу и запахи.
341 руб
Раздел: Измельчители, приспособления для резки
Стул ученический регулируемый (рост 2-4, серый каркас).
Сиденье и спинка изготовлены из гнутоклееной фанеры и покрыты бесцветным лаком. Металлокаркас окрашен износостойкой порошковой краской.
1618 руб
Раздел: Стульчики

49. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

50. Problems of the youth

51. The uniqueness of the British

52. The protection of the environment

53. Legal and linguistic aspects of translating english legal terminology

54. The Weather and Climate Fluctuations
The Weather and Climate Fluctuations
55. Washington is the capital of the USA
Washington is the capital of the USA
56. Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?
Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?

57. Art of the Edo Period

58. Kastus Kalinovsky the Fighter for Independence of Belarus

59. Dawn of the digital information era

60. The war of the roses

61. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Most Popular Poet of the Nineteenth Century

62. Problems of the youth (friendship, love, conflicts)

63. Some problems of the russian spelling

64. American Literature: An Overview Of The Development From The 17th To The 20th Centu-ries

Жаровня "Loraine", 1,5 л.
Материал: термостойкое стекло. Форма: прямоугольная. Объем: 1500 мл. Размер: 27х14х7,2 см. Информация об объеме изделия, указанная на
308 руб
Раздел: Формы для запекания
Детский велосипед Jaguar трехколесный (цвет: синий).
Детский трехколесный велосипед колясочного типа, для малышей от 10 месяцев до 3 лет. Модель с удлиненной рамой, что позволяет подобрать
1440 руб
Раздел: Трехколесные
Набор утолщенных фломастеров для декорирования (5 цветов).
Набор фломастеров для декорирования различных поверхностей с металлическим эффектом. Яркие цвета. Проветриваемый и защищенный от
522 руб
Раздел: До 6 цветов

65. The Sound and the Fury

66. Giza, Wonder of the World

67. The development of the Tower

68. The Taming of the Shrew

69. Population of the UK

70. Economy of the Republic of Ireland
Economy of the Republic of Ireland
71. The political method of the International Socialist Organisation
The political method of the International Socialist Organisation
72. Drug trafficking - a global challenge of the XXI century
Drug trafficking - a global challenge of the XXI century

73. Sport and recreation in the United States

74. Переклад інфінітивних конструкцій на матеріалі роману С. Моема "The Moon and Sixpence"

75. Comparative Analysis of the Compound Words

76. Economy of the United States

77. Industrial development of the African countries

78. Role of the interpreter in the modern world

79. Sport in different countries of the world

80. Syntax and semantics of verbals in English

Багетная рама " Violetta", 30x40 см, цвет: золотой.
Багетные рамы предназначены для оформления картин, вышивок и фотографий. Оформленное изделие всегда становится более выразительным и
651 руб
Раздел: Багетные рамы, для икон
Кольцеброс "Зайчики".
В наборе 8 колец. Диаметр колец: 12 см.
307 руб
Раздел: Кольцебросы, кегли
Настольная семейная игра "Crazy Белка".
Хитрая белка забралась в дупло, а задача участников - выманить ее из уютного убежища. Игроки должны по очереди класть желуди в специальные
609 руб
Раздел: Прочие

81. The emergence of the first Polish socialist parties

82. The Heraldic Symbolism of the Unicorn on the British Coat-of-Arms

83. The outline of the period

84. The theoretical basis for the international trade. The modern trends of the international trade development

85. Stylistic phonetics based on the examples of the works by P.B. Shelley

86. The impact of the French Revolution on the European system
The impact of the French Revolution on the European system
87. Working out of the search algorithm of failures of Air Conditioning System of TU-154
88. History of runic alphabets
History of runic alphabets

89. Why do we learn English language?

90. Interactive method of teaching English grammar

91. Реферат перевода с английского языка из книги “A History of England” by Keith Feiling

92. Quality of life and management of living resources

93. Advantages and disadvantages of TV

94. Climate and nature of Great Britain

95. History of Basketball

96. Customs and traditions of Great Britain

Подставка для ножей AK-208ST "Alpenkok", 10x10x22 см.
Размеры: 10х10х22 см. Материал корпуса: пластик. Внутренняя часть: полипропиленовое волокно. Предназначена для безопасного и гигиеничного
822 руб
Раздел: Подставки для ножей
Беговел "Funny Wheels Basic" (цвет: розовый).
Беговел - это современный аналог детского велосипеда без педалей для самых маленьких любителей спорта. Удобный и простой в
2550 руб
Раздел: Беговелы
Таз алюминиевый для варенья, 36 см / 10,6 л.
Легкая, прочная и практичная посуда, изготовлена из пищевого алюминия, имеет высокую стойкость к коррозии, равномерно нагревается за
648 руб
Раздел: Более 10 литров

97. History of Great Britain

98. Traditions and holidays of Great Britain

99. Advantages and disadvantages of TV


Поиск Рефератов на сайте za4eti.ru Вы студент, и у Вас нет времени на выполнение письменных работ (рефератов, курсовых и дипломов)? Мы сможем Вам в этом помочь. Возможно, Вам подойдет что-то из ПЕРЕЧНЯ ПРЕДМЕТОВ И ДИСЦИПЛИН, ПО КОТОРЫМ ВЫПОЛНЯЮТСЯ РЕФЕРАТЫ, КУРСОВЫЕ И ДИПЛОМНЫЕ РАБОТЫ. 
Вы можете поискать нужную Вам работу в КОЛЛЕКЦИИ ГОТОВЫХ РЕФЕРАТОВ, КУРСОВЫХ И ДИПЛОМНЫХ РАБОТ, выполненных преподавателями московских ВУЗов за период более чем 10-летней работы. Эти работы Вы можете бесплатно СКАЧАТЬ.