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A Country Report and Profile - Republic of Uzbekistan

Ночник-проектор "Звездное небо, планеты", черный.
Оригинальный светильник-ночник-проектор. Корпус поворачивается от руки. Источник света: 1) Лампочка (от карманных фанариков); 2) Три
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A Cou ry Repor a d Profile Prese ed By: Alfiya G. Mirzagalamova amirz@i dia a.edu Jaso C. Holma jholma @i di a aedu Dmi ri Masli che ko dmi ri@mailroom.com he co cep of ra si io of he Republic of Uzbekis a o he marke eco omy co sis s of five pri ciples formula ed by i s Preside Islam Karimov:1. Eco omy should have priori y over poli ics. Eco omic reforms should o follow he lead of poli ical processes.2. he S a e is he mai reformer. he represe a ives of legally elec ed au hori ies have o de ermi e priori ies a d pursue bala ced policy of o social shocks.3. Alo g wi h eco omic reforms i is ecessary o crea e a sys em of social pro ec io of he Republic popula io especially of mos vul erable groups.4. Superiori y of Law a d Co s i u io .5. S age by s age moveme o he marke eco omy. he ra si io o ex s age o ly af er he curre s age arge s have bee me .I. Poli ical a d Eco omic Backgrou d Poli ics o u ders a d he poli ics of Uzbekis a i is impor a o delve i o i ’s mos rece his ory. he leader from 1959-1983 was Sharaf Rashidov, who ruled i a quasi-feudal fashio , much like he ewly elec ed leader. Rashidov kep he USSR co e hrough a combi a io of pa ro age, corrup io , a d repressive behavior. O ce Mikhail Gorbachev was elec ed, Rashidov was he prime arge for his drive o elimi a e corrup io . Al hough here was a upsurge of a io al ide i y amo g he Uzbeks a d a feeli g of vic imiza io by he housa ds of corrup officials who where soo impriso ed, i credibly hrough more repressio he elec io s for ew leaders would go u opposed. he Republic of Uzbekis a declared i s i depe de ce from he former Sovie U io o Augus 31, 1991. Al hough i was o recog ized by he U i ed S a es u il December 25, 1992. Uzbekis a is a member of he U i ed a io s a d he Commo weal h of I depe de S a es (CIS). Al hough Glas os led o ma y ope media discussio s of he e viro me a d e h ic issues, he elec io s held i 1990 were o e-sided. he mai opposi io par y was o allowed o s a d, herefore leavi g ma y commu is ca dida es o be elec ed. Islam Karimov was firs elec ed Preside i 1990 by he Supreme Sovie a d la er was reelec ed by a popular vo e i 1991. I 1995 Karimov held a a io al refere dum which would ex e d his erm i o he year 2000. He had 99% of he elec ora e’s suppor . Karimov proclaims he is a suppor er of “Eas er Democracy.” He s resses he impor a ce of s abili y of eas er democracy over i ’s wes er cou erpar . he s abili y ha Karimov sugges s ma y believe is jus a ploy for Karimov o use his dic a orship power o cli g o he old world s a us. Karimov is o e of he s ro ges suppor ers of co i ued coopera io amo g he Sovie Republics. Karimov suppor ed he ew U io rea y i spri g of 1991 a d did o oppose he Augus 1991 coup i Moscow. O ce he coup collapsed Uzbekis a declared i depe de ce. Karimov proclaims Uzbekis a is a mul ipar y sys em, ye he Erk (Freedom) Democra ic Par y, he Birlik (U i y) People’s Moveme (BPM) a d he Islamic rebir h Par y (IRP) have bee ba ed. Policy makers s ill remai suspicious of u regula ed marke mecha isms, al hough Karimov officially commi s o a marke -orie ed reform.

Prices were slowly liberalized a d he ew rade policies are less harmful oward expor s. he impor ariffs proposed i 1993 are prefere ial oward CIS commu i ies a d ex ra low ariffs oward Ce ral Asia cou ries. I is goi g o be very difficul for him o explai why ma y of he eighbori g Ce ral Asia cou ries are becomi g richer hrough liberaliza io a d priva iza io while Uzbekis a co i ues o s ay s able, bu poorer he he o her a io s. Karimov s resses s abili y as a reaso why Uzbekis a has o see he high i fla io ra es charac eris ic o o her CIS commu i ies i ra si io . 2Karimov gives li le me io o huma righ s. He believes ha eco omic s abili y is ecessary for socio-poli ical s abili y. I his ew book, Alo g he Road of Deepe i g Eco omic Reform, Karimov s a es, “prepara io , discussio a d adop io of fu dame al laws regula i g a d providi g guara ees of huma righ s a d freedoms, righ s a d freedoms of public orga iza io s a d freedom of co scie ce a d religio have bee some hi g pri cipally ew i prac ical law maki g i his cou ry.” He also briefly me io s he wome ’s righ s a d ack owledges heir special role as “wome -mo hers” a d presses for be er child care provisio s. Eco omy 3A i depe de ce, he eco omy was domi a ed by co o produc io . Uzbekis a hoped o be efi from his by selli g he co o o he i er a io al marke , bu he early 1990s were a ime of depressed prices o world co o marke s. his crea ed a dispu e wi h Russia, which respo ded by seeki g o purchase co o o he world marke . Uzbekis a los a co siderable amou of reve ue due o his co flic wi h Russia. Eve ually he wo cou ries reached a agreeme o bar er Uzbek co o for Russia pe roleum produc s. O her impor a agricul ural produc s i clude grai , frui , vege ables a d a ural silk from cocoo s. he mai problem of Uzbekis a is ha abou hree-fif hs of he cou ry is deser or semi-arid deser : almos all cul iva ed la d mus be irriga ed. his has resul ed i he gradual dryi g up of he Aral Sea. By he 90's he available wa er supply had bee exhaus ed o he poi ha here was o possibili y of i creasi g he amou of la d used for agricul ural purposes. Grai produc io o ly covers a quar er of Uzbekis a ’s o al co sump io . herefore Uzbekis a relies heavily o impor s from cou ries such as he U i ed S a es o suppor heir supply of grai . Uzbekis a complai s ha he USSR des royed i ’s grai -growi g capaci y i order o crea e he co o mo ocul ure. his has remai ed a very difficul obs acle for Uzbekis a a d grai co i ues o be a major impor . 4Uzbekis a ’s o her primary produc expor s i clude gas a d mi erals. Uzbekis a has few e ergy sources besides gas a d u apped hydro power. Al hough a major oil field was rece ly discovered i he Ferga a Valley i 1992. Uzbekis a is he larges impor er of oil by all he CARs. he mos accessible mi eral expor is gold, of which Uzbekis a was he USSR’s seco d-larges producer. Joi ve ures are bri gi g foreig ech ology o exploi Uzbekis a gold mi es. O her mi eral deposi s i clude silver, lead, copper, zi c, a d u gs e . Uzbekis a ’s mi erals have a low ore co e , which sugges s ha i would o be as valuable o he world marke .

5Af er World War II, Sovie resources were co ce ra ed o rebuildi g i dus rial e erprises i Europea areas. Wi h less i ves me he grow h ra e of Uzbekis a s i dus ry decli ed. here was a lo g re d of falli g i dus rial grow h ra es. Ma ufac uri g i dus ry i Uzbekis a was origi ally developed i close rela io o i s primary produc base which of course was co o a d frui s a d vege ables. Machi ery for he co o sec or was a major ou pu a d food processi g i dus ries were also impor a . hese are he o ly wo subs a ial forms of ma ufac uri g i Uzbekis a . his is somewha dis urbi g co sideri g he large amou s of resources ha are available. 6 he ge eral problem was of lack ech ical abili y a d low s a dards of quali y. he mai approach o correc his problem was o e courage joi ve ures. Ma y joi ve ure agreeme s were sig ed i 1992 a d 1993, bu here was li le ac ual foreig i ves me . here was also a problem wi h Uzbekis a ’s commu ica io capabili ies. I 1993 a joi ve ure was formed wi h he urkish compa y, ele as, o i s all seve y housa d li es. Uzbekis a also would like o become he hub of Ce ral Asia. Whe he Aeroflo flee was shared ou af er he dismemberme of he USSR, Uzbekis a u ilized i s share of he pla es produc ively o ear vas amou s of hard curre cy. I crea ed a i er a io al e work i he spri g of 1993 wi h he goal of maki g ashke a hub for budge a d ravel be wee Europe a d Asia. Fligh s would be es ablished o Karachi, Delhi, Kuala, Lumpur, Ba gkok, Beiji g, Fra kfor , a d Lo do . Israel provided rai i g assis a ce o Uzbekis a Airways, a d he airli e raised i s credibili y by purchasi g several Airbuses. Eco omic reform i Uzbekis a has bee very slow. U il 1994 Mr. Karimov opposed reform. Si ce he he has had o s ar some reforms o ob ai IMF backi g for his s abiliza io program a d o ge World Ba k fi a ci g. Uzbekis a has bee officially commi ed o eco omic reform si ce i depe de ce. he gover me has favored gradual cha ge, a d he pace has become i creasi gly slower as he years have we o . Labor marke a d e erprise reform have bee limi ed, a d i deed he ul ima e reaso behi d Uzbekis a s slow price liberaliza io has bee o mai ai he value of real wages a d subsidies. he gover me has promised o keep wage a d be efi i creases ahead of fu ure price rises. 7Priva iza io i Uzbekis a has progressed ex remely slow. Karimov domi a es eco omic policy; he has issued a raf of decrees ha are o occasio co radic ory, bu aim o co vi ce he mul ila eral i s i u io s ha reform is aki g place. he firs form of priva iza io ook place i 1994. he process lacked ra spare cy, was corrup a d resul ed i Mr Karimov’s allies ow i g he viable firms. O her obs acles are ha la d liberaliza io ahead of es ablishi g a guara eed wa er supply would be mea i gless for he irriga io -based agricul ural sec or. I i dus ry, o o ly has priva iza io of s a e e erprises bee slow bu here was also very li le priva iza io crea ed from ma y small-scale e repre eurs.8II. Budge ary a d Mo e ary Co di io s Uzbekis a ’s s a is ics are o oriously i accura e a d i small qua i ies. he gover me views eco omic da a as a s a e secre , a d circula io of he more i forma ive da a is res ric ed.

It was impossible not to approve of such a law. The only problem for Felipe and me was that it was an awfully inconveniently timed law, given that our case would now take at least four extra months to process, as the FBI back home did their due diligence investigations to confirm that I was neither a convicted rapist nor a serial murderer of unfortunate women, despite the fact that I totally matched the profile. Every few days I would send another e-БЂ‹mail to our immigration lawyer back in Philadelphia, checking in for progress reports, for time-БЂ‹lines, for hope. БЂњNo news,БЂ« the lawyer would always report. Sometimes he would remind me, just in case I had forgotten: БЂњMake no plans. Nothing is promised.БЂ« So while all that played out (or rather, while all that didnБЂ™t play out) Felipe and I entered the country of Laos. We took a flight out of northern Thailand to the ancient city of Luang Prabang, passing over a continuous emerald expanse of mountains that poked out of the verdant jungle, steep and striking, one after another, like choppy frozen green waves

1. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

2. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

3. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

4. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements

5. The Algorithm of a Start and the Development of International Conflicts and Possible Ways of Their Solution

6. Economy of the Republic of Ireland
Economy of the Republic of Ireland
7. Structural and semantic Characteristics of Nouns
Structural and semantic Characteristics of Nouns
8. Theoretical and methodological aspects of translation
Theoretical and methodological aspects of translation

9. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

10. Speeches workers Grodno province in 1905-1907 and the emergence of trade unionism

11. Problems of city and country life

12. Short Overview of African Countries

13. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

14. Pogroms in Azerbaijan and Armenia of 1988-89 As Historical Echo of the 1915 Armenian Genocide (Погромы в Азербайджане и Армении 1988-89 как историческое эхо 1915 Армянского Геноцида)

15. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

16. Lexicology. Different dialects and accents of English

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Раздел: Карточные игры
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Раздел: Копилки

17. Countries and cities

18. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

19. Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan

20. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english

21. Holidays and traditions in english-speaking countries

22. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание
23. Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service Profiles
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24. The profile of an effective manager
The profile of an effective manager

25. Quality of life and management of living resources

26. Advantages and disadvantages of TV

27. Climate and nature of Great Britain

28. Decline of ukrainian statehood and culture (1712-1783)

29. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland. The land and the people.

30. Relations between Ukraine and English-speaking countries

31. Allocation of powers between directors and shareholders

32. Customs and traditions of Great Britain

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Раздел: Дорожные наборы
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Раздел: Сиденья

33. The Comparative Analysis Of The History Of The Computer Science And The Computer Engineering In The USA And Ukraine

34. Traditions and holidays of Great Britain

35. Survey of the British Geography and Life

36. Colonization and Development of Pennsylvania

37. The development of the drama. The theatres and actors

38. Famous journalist of the English-speaking country. Benjamin Franklin
Famous journalist of the English-speaking country. Benjamin Franklin
39. Effects of Divorce On Children and Parents
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40. Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.)
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41. Incorporation of [2,3,4,5,6-2H5]Phenylalanine, [3,5-2H2]Tyrosine, and [2,4,5,6,7-2H5]Tryptophan into the Bacteriorhodopsin Molecule of Halobacterium halobium

42. Economy of Russia and Economic crisis

43. Internal diagnostics company, identification of strengths and weaknesses

44. Romeo and Juliet - immortal tragedy of W.S.

45. Social interaction and social relation. Levels of social interactions

46. Sport in different countries of the world

47. Syntax and semantics of verbals in English

48. The history of Germany and tourism

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Раздел: Трехколесные
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Раздел: Плёнка пищевая

49. The origin and history of the English language

50. The selection and adaptation of the material on the topic "Towns and places"

51. Lectures in Contrastive Lexicology of the English and Ukrainian Languages

52. The life and work of the self-employed socialist intellectual, Humphrey McQueen

53. Quantification of osteocyte lacunar density and anisotropy of vascular canals in compact bone

54. Costs and income of enterprises
Costs and income of enterprises
55. The Tower of London
The Tower of London
56. Impact of Evolution on Human Thought. Testosterone
Impact of Evolution on Human Thought. Testosterone

57. Humane approches to toxicological evaluations of industrial chemicals

58. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

59. The Economy of Great Britain

60. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

61. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

62. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)

63. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)

64. History of runic alphabets

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Раздел: Автомобильные щетки, скребки
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425 руб
Раздел: Сетки противомоскитные

65. Analysis of Sufism Through Art of Sufi Poetry

66. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

67. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

68. Personnel selection and choice

69. Подготовка к TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language

70. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)
71. Banking services in Russia: theory and fact
Banking services in Russia: theory and fact
72. Essay on the article "Tobacco and Tolerance: Blowing smoke" (о вреде курения)

73. Impact of Evolution on Human Thought Evolution

74. Irish and America

75. Lexico-sementic chartersticcs of business letter correspondence

76. My modern image of the United States

77. Rome and the Roman Empire

78. Slang, youth subcultures and rock music

79. Substance abuse: Alcohol Consumption and alcohol dependence among the youth (Социологическое исследование проблемы алкоголизма среди студентов)

80. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society

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Раздел: Электромобили
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Раздел: Более 24 цветов
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Раздел: Для посудомоечных машин

81. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers

82. The Irish and South America

83. The role of art in our life

84. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points

85. Великобритания - традиции и современность. Личное представление. (UK - Tradition and modernity. A personal view)

86. Поиск культурных корней Американцев (Looking for cultural roots of Americans)
87. Britney Spears - princess of pop
Britney Spears - princess of pop
88. Economic Relations between Kazakhstan and Russia
Economic Relations between Kazakhstan and Russia

89. Climate and Weather in Great Britain (Климат и погода в Великобритании)

90. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

91. Punks and Punk Rock

92. British monarchy and its influence upon governmental institutions

93. Translatioin of Political Literature

94. Staten Island Ferry Wreck happened on Oct 15th 2003 Fiction Report Essay

95. Liaison between Board and CEO in Russian Oil Companies

96. The Tower of London

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Ручки шариковые "Replay. Пиши-стирай", 4 штуки, 1 мм.
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Раздел: Цветные
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Раздел: От тараканов и прочих насекомых

97. The Hero of Our Time

98. California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest

99. Types of tests used in English Language Teaching Bachelor Paper

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