Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
сделать стартовой добавить в избранное
Кефирный гриб на сайте www.za4et.net.ru

Иностранные языки Иностранные языки

American System of Education

Ночник-проектор "Звездное небо и планеты", фиолетовый.
Оригинальный светильник - ночник - проектор. Корпус поворачивается от руки. Источник света: 1) Лампочка (от карманных фонариков) 2) Три
330 руб
Раздел: Ночники
Ручка "Помада".
Шариковая ручка в виде тюбика помады. Расцветка корпуса в ассортименте, без возможности выбора!
25 руб
Раздел: Оригинальные ручки
Ночник-проектор "Звездное небо, планеты", черный.
Оригинальный светильник-ночник-проектор. Корпус поворачивается от руки. Источник света: 1) Лампочка (от карманных фанариков); 2) Три
350 руб
Раздел: Ночники

Министерство образования Саратовской области Муниципальное общеобразовательное учреждение Лицея № 37 Фрунзенского района America Sys em of Educa io Творческая работа: Учащейся 11 «А» класса МОУ Лицея № 37 Шилиной Ксении Андреевны Научный руководитель: Учитель английского языка Батушанская Ольга Михайловна Саратов, 2009 г Co e s I I roduc io 2.1 His orical Backgrou d 2.2 A Brief Accou of America Educa io : Differe ces a d Similari ies 2.3 S a dards 2.4 America School from he Poi of View of Russia ee agers 2.5 Wha America S ude s hi k of heir Educa io al Sys em 2.6 Alum i’s Experie ce 3 Co clusio Lis of Li era ure 1 I roduc io Oxford Adva ced Lear er’s Dic io ary of E glish gives he followi g defi i io of educa io : “A process of eachi g, rai i g a d lear i g, especially i schools or colleges, o improve k owledge a d developi g skills”. o serve heir ci ize s a d help he cou ry prosper all cou ries i he world wi hou excep io provide public educa io o childre a d ee agers as o e of i s mai goals is o prepare s ude s for produc ive ci ize ship, work a d adul life. All his makes he o io of educa io u iversal while each cou ry has i s ow sys em of educa io de ermi ed by i s his ory, poli ical sys em, cul ure, radi io s a d so o . he collapse of he iro cur ai , moder ech ological developme s like he I er e a d abili y o ravel he world e able Russia s ude s a d educa ors o ge more or less good idea of educa io al sys em of E glish speaki g cou ries. he expa sio of America cul ure, domi a ce of America movies o elevisio familiarizes Russia viewers a d movie-goers wi h life of America ee agers a d America school. However a survey co duc ed amo g he high school s ude s of Lyceum 37 proved ha heir aware ess of America educa io al sys em leaves much o be desired. So we have decided o exami e he sys em of America educa io from differe a gles; ha of he official sources such as Close up Fou da io publica io s, America s ude s a d Russia par icipa s of excha ge programs a d compare i o he opi io s of Russia high school s ude s. Besides he above me io ed publica io s a d public survey our research is based o he comme s o America school sys em made by he s ude s of he Su Prairie High School, Su Prairie, Wisco si . 2.1 His orical Backgrou d America s have always valued educa io . hey have show grea co cer for i si ce early colo ial imes. Amo g he firs se lers, i fac , here was a u usually high propor io of educa ed me . I he Massachuse s Bay colo y i early 1600s, as he Bri ish his oria Rouse poi ed ou , “ here was a average of o e u iversi y ma o every 40 or 50 families – much higher ha i Old E gla d”. I 1647 Massachuse s passed he law which required all ow s wi h more ha 50 families o provide a schoolmas er a public expe se. I ra like his: “I is bei g o e chief projec of ha old deluder Sa a o keep me from he k owledge of he Scrip ures by persuadi g from he use of o gues ha lear i g may o be buried i he graves of our fa hers i he church a d commo weal h, he Lord assis i g our e deavors: I is herefore ordered ha every ow ship i his jurisdic io , af er he Lord has i creased hem o he umber of 50 householders, shall he for hwi h appoi o e wi hi he ow o ech all such childre as shall resor o him o wri e a d read, whose wages shall be paid ei her by he pare s or mas ers of such childre , or by he i habi a s i ge eral ”1 A d i was fur her ordered ha “where a y ow shall i crease o he umber of 100 families or householders, hey shall se up a grammar school, he mas er hereof bei g able o i s ruc you h so far as hey may be fi es for he u iversi y ” O her colo ies also made provisio s for free public schools.

I he course of he 17 h ce ury, for i s a ce, free schools were es ablished i a umber of places such as ew Have , Har ford, ew Lo do a d Fairfield. Ma y academies (schools offeri g a classical educa io ) ope ed hroughou he ex ce ury, i cludi g he o e es ablished by Be jami Fra kli i Philadelphia i 1751. I is see from he above me io ed ha he Puri a s viewed educa io as a impor a mea s of passi g o religious eachi gs. However ma y America s hoped ha publicly suppor ed schools would wipe ou he legacy of he Bri ish sys em,1 A derso E.A., A derso . J. Le Freedom Ri g, a U i ed S a es His ory. Silver Budge Compa y, 1977, p. 276 i which he abili y o read a d wri e separa ed he eco omic classes. he impor a ce of educa io i America life was also reflec ed i he Ordi a ces of 1785 a d 1787 which se guideli es for orga izi g he ew la ds o he wes . hey provided for o e square mile of la d i each ow ship o be reserved for public schools. By 1859, every s a e had provided for a sys em of free public schools ope o all a d paid by public axes. Si ce i s i cep io i he mid-1800s he a io ’s public school sys em has also helped millio s of immigra childre lear he la guage a d skills ecessary o succeed i heir ew cou ry. I goes wi hou sayi g ha a grea deal of he eco omic, poli ical, scie ific, a d cul ural progress America has made i i s rela ively shor his ory is due o i s commi me o he ideal of equal oppor u i y. I his respec o e ca ’ bu me io he la dmark case of Brow V Board of Educa io of opeka, Ka sas (1954) i which he U.S. Supreme Cour ruled ha racially segrega ed public schools were u co s i u io al. La er cour decisio s ordered schools o desegrega e. o comply, ma y school dis ric s bega bussi g s ude s o schools ou side heir eighborhoods o bri g oge her childre of differe races a d e h ic backgrou ds. he aim of America educa io o educa e as ma y America s as possible o he bes of heir abili ies is proved by rece legisla io , i cludi g school voucher program, which e ables s ude s a e d a public school ou side heir eighborhoods, a d o Child Lef Behi d law passed by Co gress i 2001. he la er reflec s ma y of Preside George W. Bush’s educa io i i ia ives, a d aims o close achieveme gaps amo g s ude s from differe e h ic a d socioeco omic backgrou ds, as well as amo g hose wi h special eeds or lear i g disabili ies. he belief ha he fu ure of socie y depe ds o he qua i y a d quali y of i s educa ed ci ize s makes i clear why a grea ma y America s are s ill willi g o give more mo ey o educa io . 2.2 A Brief Accou of America Educa io : Differe ces a d Similari ies Every America is e i led o a educa io . School a e da ce is compulsory for all childre . S ude s a e d school five o seve hours a day, five days a week for i e mo hs each year, from Sep ember o Ju e. Public educa io from ki dergar e hrough grade 12 is ax-suppor ed; o ui io is required. Abou 85 per ce of America childre a e d public schools. he o her 15 perce choose o pay ui io fees o a e d priva e schools. he la er o es are mos ly ru by religious orga iza io s a d ge erally i clude religious i s ruc io .

I spi e of he above said he U i ed S a es do o have a a io al sys em of educa io . Educa io is co sidered o be a ma er for he people of each s a e. Al hough here is a Federal Depar me of Educa io , i s fu c io is merely o ga her i forma io , o advice, a d o help fi a ce cer ai educa io al programs. Educa io , America s say, is “a a io al co cer , a s a e respo sibili y, a d a local fu c io ”. As a resul , each of he 50 s a e legisla ures is free o de ermi e i s ow sys em for i s ow public schools. I ur , however, s a e co s i u io gives he ac ual admi is ra ive co rol of he public schools o local commu i ies. here are some 16000 school dis ric s wi hi he 50 s a es. School boards made up of i dividual ci ize s elec ed from each commu i y oversee he schools i each dis ric . hey, o he s a e, se school policy a d ac ually decide wha is o be augh . he major resul of he dece realiza io is ha here is e ormous amou of varie y a d flexibili y i eleme ary a d seco dary educa io hroughou he a io . I public schools, decisio s abou school curriculum, eacher cer ifica io , a d s ude achieveme s a dards are made by Boards of Educa io a he s a e a d/or dis ric level. For example, al hough all s a es oday require ha childre a e d school u il a cer ai age, i varies from 14 o 18 years. Or, as a o her example, i abou 60 per ce of he s a es, local schools are free o choose a y eachi g ma erials or ex books which hey hi k are appropria e. I he remai i g s a es, o ly such eachi g ma erials may be used i public schools which have bee approved by he s a e boards of educa io . Some school sys ems require ha a high school s ude comple es hree years of ma hema ics, before gradua io . he a io al average however is lower. Fu di g for schools is a o her source of differe ce. Commu i ies a d s a es ha are able or willi g o pay more for school buildi gs, ma erials, a d eachers, almos always have be er educa io al sys ems ha hose ha ca o or do o . Because of he grea varie y of schools, a d he ma y differe ces amo g hem, o o e i s i u io ca be si gled ou as ypical or represe a ive. Ye here are e ough basic similari ies i s ruc ure amo g various schools a d sys ems o permi some ge eral comme s. Mos schools s ar a he ki dergar e level. here are some school dis ric s ha do o have his begi i g phase, a d o hers which have a addi io al “pre-school” o e. Eleme ary (primary) a d seco dary (high) schools are orga ized o o e or wo bases: eigh years of eleme ary school a d four years of seco dary school, or six years of eleme ary, hree years of ju ior high school a d hree years of se ior high school. Al hough here is o a io al curriculum here are almos always required subjec s a each level. Primary school childre i he U i ed S a es lear much he same hi gs as do childre of he same age i o her cou ries. Almos every eleme ary school i s ruc s childre i pe ma ship, scie ce, ma hema ics, music, ar , physical educa io , la guage ar s (which i clude readi g, wri i g a d grammar), a d social s udies (which i clude geography, his ory, a d ci ize ship).

Ames and Nathan Rosenberg, «Enfield Arsenal in Theory and History», Economic Journal 78 (1968): 825 — 42; Russell i. Fries, «British Response to the American System: The Case of the Small Arms Industry After 1850», Technology and Culture 16 (1975): 377–403. 311 O. F. G. Hogg, Royal Arsenal 2:783, 792. 312 S. B. Saul, «The Market and the Development of the Mechanical Engineering Industries in Britain», Economic History Review 20 (1967): 111 — 30; Fries, «British Response to American System»; Conrad Gill, History of Birmingham: Manor and Borough to 1865 (London, 1952), p. 295. 313 Во всяком случае, именно этим гордится Charles H. Fitch, «Report on the Manufacture of Interchangeable Mechanisms», U. S. Congress, Miscellaneous Documents of the House of Representatives, 4th Cong., 2d sess. 1882 — 82, 13, pt. 2:613 — 14. К сожалению, Фитч не приводит подробностей, а я не смог найти подтверждающих материалов по всем покупателям. 314 Claude Gaier, Four Centuries of Liege Gunmaking (London, 1977), p. 122. 315 Ibid., pp. 190 — 95. 316 Dennis Showalter, Railroads and Rifles, pp. 81–82, 95–98; Curt Jany, Geschichte der Koniglich Preussischen Armee (Berlin, 1928 — 37) 4:199–202. 317 John D

1. Political system of US

2. The political system of Ukraine

3. Political System of the USA

4. American Poetry of the Seventeenth Century as a Reflection of Puritan’s Character

5. Reminiscences of Janet A. Mattei, former director of the American Associations of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO)

6. Working out of the search algorithm of failures of Air Conditioning System of TU-154
7. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation
Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

9. The British Educational System

10. Educational System in Great Britain, USA and Ukraine

11. American Literature: An Overview Of The Development From The 17th To The 20th Centu-ries

12. Creation of control system by a personnel how to begin with a zero

13. Education System In Honduras

14. History of American Literature

15. The impact of the French Revolution on the European system

16. The Tower of London

Сковорода-сотейник алюминиевая с антипригарным покрытием "Alpenkok" AK-1007/28N "Brown Marble", 28.
Диаметр: 28 см. Высота: 7,5 см. Толщина дна: 4 мм. Сковорода-сотейник из литого алюминия. Высококачественное внутреннее антипригарное
856 руб
Раздел: Сковороды с антипригарным покрытием
Машинка "Кабриолет. Шейх".
Игрушечный кабриолет «Шейх» представляет собой уменьшенную модель настоящего роскошного автомобиля. Машинка изготовлена из гладкого
567 руб
Раздел: Пластиковые машинки
Замок для коляски "Flipper".
Замок для колясок Flipper оснащен надежным механизмом, защищенным также специальной крышечкой от влаги, грязи и пыли. Замок Flipper
388 руб
Раздел: Прочие

17. Impact of Evolution on Human Thought. Testosterone

18. Humane approches to toxicological evaluations of industrial chemicals

19. Спецподразделения Армии Израиля: "Голани" (Special forces in Army of Israel Golani)

20. Short Overview of African Countries

21. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

22. Royal Dutch Shell: Evaluation of Oil Reserves
Royal Dutch Shell: Evaluation of Oil Reserves
23. История Советсткого флота (History of the Soviet fleet)
24. Роль СМИ в современном мире (The mass media in the life of Society)

25. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

26. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

27. Jealousy as the cause of internal self-destruction in "Kreutzer Sonata" by Leo Tolstoy (Ревность как причина внутреннего самоуничтожения в "Крейцеровой сонате" Льва Толстого)

28. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

29. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

30. Project of decoding of "The Stermer Effect" (Сигналы из космоса, серии Штермера)

31. New York. Places of interest

32. Башня Лондона (Tower of London)

Напольный пазл "Машинки".
Способствует развитию сенсорных навыков, внимания. Материал: плотный картон. В наборе: 8 игровых фигур, 34 элемента пазла. Размер
641 руб
Раздел: Напольные пазлы
Стул детский Ника "СТУ3" складной моющийся (цвет: розовый, рисунок: сердечки).
Мягкая моющаяся обивка. Особенности: - стул складной; - предназначен для детей от 3 до 7 лет; - металлический каркас; - на ножках стула
562 руб
Раздел: Стульчики
Крышка силиконовая "Невыкипайка", 29 см (арт. TK 0081).
Приспособление предназначено для предохранения готовящихся продуктов от выкипания. Заменяет пароварку. Предотвращает беспорядок на
383 руб
Раздел: Прочее

33. American Federalism in 1990s

34. Higher Education in The U.K.

35. Impact of Evolution on Human Thought Evolution

36. Lexico-sementic chartersticcs of business letter correspondence

37. Socionical approach in studding of nations

38. The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive society
39. The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
The Impact of the Afghan War on soviet soldiers
40. The role of art in our life
The role of art in our life

41. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points

42. Ten reasons for a tradition of modernity

43. American Cinema (Кино и театры Америки)

44. Britney Spears - princess of pop

45. The Economy of Great Britain

46. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

47. Lexicology. Different dialects and accents of English

48. American Literature books summary

Фломастеры-кисти "Trendy", 12 цветов.
Набор фломастеров-кисточек. Предназначены для рисования на бумаге и картоне. В наборе: 12 цветов. Характеристики: - круглый пластиковый
342 руб
Раздел: 7-12 цветов
Сахарница с ложкой "Гуси", 660 мл.
Сахарница с ложкой прекрасно впишется в кухонный интерьер. Материал: доломит. Объем: 660 мл.
319 руб
Раздел: Сахарницы
Пенал школьный "Pixie Crew" с силиконовой панелью для картинок (чёрный).
Повседневные вещи кажутся скучными и однотонными, а тебе хочется выглядеть стильно и быть не как все? "Pixie Crew" сделает твою
1096 руб
Раздел: Без наполнения

49. Education in Great Britain

50. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

51. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

52. The Tower of London

53. Missile Defense System - Buren for the United States

54. The Hero of Our Time
The Hero of Our Time
55. California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest
California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest
56. Types of tests used in English Language Teaching Bachelor Paper
Types of tests used in English Language Teaching Bachelor Paper

57. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

58. Personality of Hamlet

59. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

60. The house of my dream

61. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

62. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

63. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

64. How do I like unusual methods of teaching? (DEAD POETS SOCIETY)

Держатель для сумки "Jardin D'Ete" со стразами "Стихия колец".
Держатель для сумки стал неотъемлемой частью домашнего и офисного интерьера. И теперь выбор подарка для бизнес-леди не составит особого
944 руб
Раздел: Прочее
Кружка фарфоровая "FIFA 2018. Забивака. Франция", 480 мл.
Объем: 480 мл. Материал: фарфор.
389 руб
Раздел: Кружки, посуда
Фотобумага "Lomond" для струйной печати, А4, 120 г/м, 100 листов, односторонняя, матовая.
Формат: А4 (210х297 мм). Плотность -120 г/м2. Матовая. Односторонняя. Упаковка - 100 листов.
392 руб
Раздел: Фотобумага для цветной печати

65. Humane approches to toxicological evaluations of industrial chemicals

66. Ways of exploring the world

67. Спецподразделения Армии Израиля: "Голани" (Special forces in Army of Israel Golani)

68. Critical Review of Daniel Sprick’s “Release Your Plans”

69. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

70. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание
71. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
72. Biography of Che Guevara (Биография Че Гевары)

73. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

74. Computer System

75. Evaluating the GPRS Radio Interface for Different Quality of Service Profiles

76. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

77. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

78. Education in the Middle Ages

79. Преп. Максим исповедник о бесконечности человека (st. Maximus the confessor on the infinity of man)

80. Evolution of Christianity

Нож для чистки овощей "Victorinox", универсальный, двустороннее зубчатое лезвие, чёрный.
Изумительный нож для кухни. Небольшой и удобный, он идеально подходит для чистки овощей. А яркий цвет порадует глаз и не даст ножу
410 руб
Раздел: Овощечистки, рыбочистки
Говорящий планшетик "Новогодний праздник".
В этом планшетике Умка поёт, говорит и рассказывает сказки! 16 новогодних песенок («Песенка Умки», «Белые снежинки», «Снеговик», «Дед
344 руб
Раздел: Планшеты и компьютеры
Набор диких животных.
В наборе: 12 фигурок диких животных. Средний размер: 10 см. Возраст: 3 лет. Фигурки в наборе представлены в ассортименте, без возможности выбора.
461 руб
Раздел: Дикие животные

81. Socrates` conception of philosophy

82. Royal Dutch Shell: Evaluation of Oil Reserves

83. Финская маркетинговая фирма Kotka-Hamina Region of Finland Ltd.

84. The profile of an effective manager

85. Финансовые инструменты ("Financial Instruments. Teaching materials of the course")

86. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China
Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China
87. The history of England can be defined as the gradual process of Parliament asserting its authority over the monarchy
88. American Autoindustry in 1920
American Autoindustry in 1920

89. Scripts of all of Asia

90. The Taming of the Shrew

91. The practice of modern medicine

92. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

93. Quality of life and management of living resources

94. Dreams of Sanity

95. Eternal Tears of Sorrow

96. Cemetery of Scream

Набор для проведения опытов по очистке воды "Юный ученый".
Самый лучший способ познания окружающего мира – увидеть все собственными глазами. Набор для проведения опытов по очистке воды «Юный
403 руб
Раздел: Химические опыты
Маркеры для доски, 12 цветов.
12 разноцветных маркеров для рисования на демонстрационных досках.
605 руб
Раздел: Для досок
Форма для выпечки 6 ячеек "Домик", 6,5x6,5 см/26x6 см.
Форма для выпечки 6 ячеек "Домик". Силиконовые формы изготовлены из специального силиконового материала, благодаря которому они
307 руб
Раздел: Формы и формочки для выпечки

97. Cradle of Filth

98. Education in the USA

99. Council of Europe

Поиск Рефератов на сайте za4eti.ru Вы студент, и у Вас нет времени на выполнение письменных работ (рефератов, курсовых и дипломов)? Мы сможем Вам в этом помочь. Возможно, Вам подойдет что-то из ПЕРЕЧНЯ ПРЕДМЕТОВ И ДИСЦИПЛИН, ПО КОТОРЫМ ВЫПОЛНЯЮТСЯ РЕФЕРАТЫ, КУРСОВЫЕ И ДИПЛОМНЫЕ РАБОТЫ. 
Вы можете поискать нужную Вам работу в КОЛЛЕКЦИИ ГОТОВЫХ РЕФЕРАТОВ, КУРСОВЫХ И ДИПЛОМНЫХ РАБОТ, выполненных преподавателями московских ВУЗов за период более чем 10-летней работы. Эти работы Вы можете бесплатно СКАЧАТЬ.