Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
Библиотека Рефераты Курсовые Дипломы Поиск
сделать стартовой добавить в избранное
Кефирный гриб на сайте www.za4et.net.ru

Экономика и Финансы Экономика и Финансы     Менеджмент (Теория управления и организации) Менеджмент (Теория управления и организации)

Formation of group behaviour in the organisations

Ручка "Шприц", желтая.
Необычная ручка в виде шприца. Состоит из пластикового корпуса с нанесением мерной шкалы. Внутри находится жидкость желтого цвета,
31 руб
Раздел: Оригинальные ручки
Совок большой.
Длина 21,5 см. Расцветка в ассортименте, без возможности выбора.
21 руб
Раздел: Совки
Крючки с поводками Mikado SSH Fudo "SB Chinu", №4BN, поводок 0,22 мм.
Качественные Японские крючки с лопаткой. Крючки с поводками – готовы к ловле. Высшего качества, исключительно острые японские крючки,
58 руб
Раздел: Размер от №1 до №10

able of co e sI roduc io Chap er 1. Wha is he group a d why people u i e i groups? Chap er 2. ypes of groups. Chap er 3. Forma io of group a d i s basic charac eris ics. Chap er 4. Po e ial of group a d i s produc ivi y. he co clusio he li era ure lis I roduc io People live a d work i groups. 5 billio 400 millio he perso s occupyi g our pla e , form more ha 200 s a es i which is 20 millio eco omic orga isa io s a d hu dred millio s various groups. I he big orga isa io i dividuali y of he perso is dissolved i a lump of people. O her busi ess i group (a brigade, depar me , office, e c.). Here everyo e wi h he abili ies, lacks, ac s clearly. Owi g o fea ures of group i i here are processes which make esse ial impac o behaviour of he perso i he orga isa io . he firs has paid o his a e io of El o of Mayo duri g he k ow experime s i Ho or e. he fur her researches i he give direc io have allowed o draw he impor a co clusio s. Firs , he group akes a key place i he orga isa io . O he o e ha d, i he a ural form of associa io of i dividuals; wi h a o her a s ruc ural eleme for orga isa io co s ruc io . Seco dly, he group has posi ive i flue ce o o ly o he separa e worker, helpi g i is be er o lear i self, o ge ew skills, o sa isfy various social requireme s; bu also o all orga isa io , promo i g i s u i y, s abili y, occurre ce of ew ideas, perfec io of me hods of decisio -maki g a d he co rol. Processes owi g o which all i occurs, El o of Mayo a d Kur Levi amed Group dy amics recog isi g a key role of group dy amics i he orga iza io al behaviour, differe scie is s differe ly rea he mai e a ce of his co cep . O e pu i i forma io of group a d ma ageme of i . O hers co sider ha i represe s a se he ech icia a d ech iques of ype of group herapy, role rai i g, e c. he hird a some discrepa cy i separa e de ails adhere o he co cep of El o a of Mayo a d Kur a Levi accordi g o which group dy amics is co sidered from he poi of view of he i er al a ure of group, heir charac eris ics a d i erac io i hem i dividuals. Such sigh a group dy amics allows o approach o i s s udyi g as i covers a wide ra ge of ques io s more deeply. he au hor of he give work pu s before i self aim o co sider mos impor a of hem. Chap er 1. Wha is he group a d why people u i e i groups? he a swer o he firs par of a ques io is obvious: he/she is some perso s, small mee i g of people. Whe her however i is really possible o ame a y small associa io of people group? he majori y of researchers asser ha for group i is ecessary, firs , ha i s members co-opera ed a d, seco dly, ha hey fel he par icipa io wi h each o her. hese are wo or more perso s who co-opera e wi h each o her, i flue ce agai s each o her a d perceive i self as we, i.e. as commu i y o which hey belo g. Such u ders a di g of group i ma y respec s explai s he seco d par of a ques io . We will co sider basic eleme s of s ruc ure of co cep of group: i erac io a d a accessory. I erac io assumes ac io of i dividuals o he basis of overall aims a d i eres s. If hey are o prese , here is o also a group. A followi g co di io of i erac io is he similar rela io of members of group o hese purposes a d i eres s.

I dividual Х will co-opera e wi h he i dividual a if a ha a d a a o her i s alla io s i value coi cide. Fur her. ha he perso had a desire o es ablish co ec io wi h o her people, i should have i he lo g erm possibili y o receive as a resul of i erac io cer ai moral or ma erial compe sa io . he deep se se is pu a d i he seco d eleme of s ruc ure of co cep of group. he feeli g of a accessory is ecessary for he perso o realise i s a ural aspira io o be wi h o her people, o compare i self o hem a d o receive heir es ima io i self, respec a d a recog i io . he accessory o group mea s also po e ial possibili y for he i dividual o have reliable pro ec io . Members of o e group will i ercede he frie d for he frie d a d a a mee i g wi h hooliga s i he s ree , a d a co versa io wi h he heads more likely, defe di g group i eres s. A las , he accessory o group, for example, o a y club or a rade u io provides o he perso cer ai posi io i a socie y, gives i he power a d possibili ies for achieveme of specific goals. hus, people u i e i groups o sa isfy he requireme s i Dialogue. Power s re g he i g Recep io of he cer ai public s a us achieveme of social, eco omic a d o her purposes. Chap er 2. ypes of groups here are differe cri eria o which classify groups. For example, depe di g o charac er of joi ac ivi y hey ca be i dus rial, educa io al, family, e c.; depe di g o dura io a d exis e ce co s a or ime e c. However he majori y of scie is s i a basis of ypology of groups ake he mos ge eral cri erio a pri ciple of heir crea io . O e groups are crea ed direc ive a will of a ma ageme of he orga isa io for performa ce of i s purposes, o hers volu ary workers for sa isfac io of he various requireme s. he firs ame formal, he seco d he i formal. Formal groups happe wo ypes: admi is ra ive a d opera ive. he groups provided by orga iza io al s ruc ure co cer he admi is ra ive: depar me s, si es e c. he opera ive i clude workers a d employees who oge her carry ou a y ask or he projec . he comma d co cer s such ype, for example. I formal groups also share o wo ki ds: Groups o i eres s a d groups o he basis of frie dship. As a example of he firs ype associa io s of people o he basis of aspira io o self-developme , i crease of he professio al skill or collec ors ca serve. A source of forma io of groups of he seco d ype are liki g o each o her a d similari y of perso al values a d i s alla io s. Formal a d i formal groups have much i commo . Firs , bo h hose, a d o hers pass similar s ages of developme . hey have hierarchies, leaders, roles, orms (rule), he s a us, he size. hirdly, group dy amics of hose a d o hers are peculiar charac eris ics are ide ical: u i y a d co flic s. A he same ime be wee hem exis s basic dis i c io s. As mos impor a of hem Joh V. jus rom a d Ka e Devis co sider he followi g. Dis i c io s of formal a d i formal groups. he basis for compariso I formal group Formal group: Ge eral mu ual rela io s I formal Official, Basic co cep s he Power a d a policy of he Righ a d a du y, Basic a e io o he Perso of he Pos , Source of he power Proceeds from group, Ma ageme o behaviour of orm of he Rule, Source of ma ageme of he Sa c io Compe sa io a d he pe al y Is delega ed by a ma ageme .

Appare ly from he able, i i formal groups he domi a role is played by members of groups a d heir mu ual rela io , i formal - official roles i erms of he official righ s a d du ies of i dividuals. he i formal power, hus, addresses o he perso as o he perso a d, he ce, has perso al charac er; he formal as o he official, i is es ablished officially. his he leader of i formal group receives he power from fellow workers, formal from a orga isa io ma ageme . he behaviour i i formal group is regula ed by group sa c io s, i he formal Rules a d du y regula io s. A las group sa c io s serve i i formal group as i flue ce me hods o ma ageme of behaviour, i formal Rewardi gs a d pe al ies. All hese dis i c io s promo e crea io i i formal groups of special i erperso al rela io s which make a imes s ro ger impac o behaviour of workers, ha he admi is ra ive power. herefore, hough i formal groups are crea ed o a will of he ma ageme , each ma ager should recko wi h hem. How i formal groups wi h formal co-opera e, efficie cy of he orga isa io depe ds fi ally. I formal groups have ma y he adva ages. hey facili a e admi is ra ive loadi g of ma ageme : if members of such group divide he orga isa io purposes carry ou he co rol. I formal groups promo e coopera io a d coopera io , recep io of sa isfac io from work, serve some ki d of he valve for a exi of emo io s of workers, improve commu ica io s i he orga isa io . Use of all hese possibili ies for i crease of efficie cy of he orga isa io ? A direc du y of ma ageme . Exis a umber of he rules checked up i prac ice which each ma ager should adhere i he work wi h i formal groups. heir esse ce is reduced o, ha : 1. o recog ise exis e ce of i formal group a d o realise ha i s suppressio will cause orga isa io easi g. 2. o lis e o opi io s of members a d leaders of i formal groups, ha he obili y heir mood. 3. Before accep i g a y ac io s, o cou heir possible co seque ces for i formal group. 4. For easi g of resis a ce o cha ges i he orga isa io from ou side i formal group o i volve i s members i accep a ce of admi is ra ive decisio s. 5. I due ime o give ou o workers he exac i forma io , i erferi g wi h ha o dis ribu io of heari gs. Chap er 3. Forma io of group a d i s basic charac eris icsI he li era ure here are some models of forma io of group, a d i each of hem s ages of i s life cycle are called differe ly. For example, James L.Gibso , Joh Iva sevich a d James H. Do eli - you ger co sider ha each group passes i he developme hrough s ages: a mu ual recog i io , dialogue a d decisio -maki g, mo iva io a d efficie cy, he co rol a d he orga isa io . Accordi g o L. V. Kar ashovoj, Т. V. iko ovoj a d Т. O. Soloma idi oj, such s ages five: a i i ial s age of forma io , a s age of he i ragroup co flic , mai e a ce of u i y of group, a s age of he highes worki g capaci y a d a fi al s age (for ime groups). Е. G. Moll, as well as he America scie is s, alloca es also 4 s ages: group forma io , a s age a s orm a d a s orm, a execu io s age. A lack of all hese defi i io s is heir some ra dom ess, abse ce of me hodological cri erio .

output date Displays or sets the system time dc Tiny RPN calculator dd Copies a file, converting and formatting according to options deallocvt Deallocates unused virtual terminal /dev/ttyN delgroup Deletes a group from the system deluser Deletes a user from the system devfsd Obsolete daemon for managing devfs permissions and old device name symlinks df Prints the file system space used and space available dirname Strips a nondirectory suffix from a filename dmesg Prints or controls the kernel ring buffer dos2unix Converts a file from DOS format to UNIX format dpkg Utility to install, remove, and manage Debian packages dpkg-deb Performs actions on Debian packages (debs) du Summarizes disk space used for each file and/or directory dumpkmap Prints a binary keyboard-translation table to standard output dumpleases Displays the DHCP leases granted by udhcpd echo Prints the specified ARGs to stdout env Prints the current environment or runs a program after setting expr Prints the value of an expression to standard output

1. Basic perspectives and schools of developing sociology in the XX century

2. The effect of light intensity on the amount of chlorophyll in “Cicer arietinum”

3. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

4. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

5. Redesigning the Dragon Financial Reform in the Peoples Republic of China

6. Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language
Polysemy In The Semantic Field Of Movement In The English Language
7. Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England
Regional variation of pronunciation in the south-west of England
8. The development of computers in the USA
The development of computers in the USA

9. Word-formation of the English language. Conversion

10. The Formation of Youth Subcultures

11. The improvement of work on the rhythm in the classes of english on the materials of limericks

12. Multiple Intelligences in the structure of a new English syllabus for secondary school

13. Role of the interpreter in the modern world

14. What strategy are most effective in the conditions of globalization

15. Advertising in the world of art

16. Water World as Another Home for English Nation Reflected in the English Folklore

Концентрированный стиральный порошок "Burti Compact Baby" для детского белья, 900 г.
Благодаря специальной формуле исключительная эффективность стирки сочетается с бережным уходом. Благодаря особой рецептуре, отсутствия
465 руб
Раздел: Для стирки детских вещей
Карандаши цветные "Artist", 24 цвета.
Количество цветов: 24. Толщина линии: 3 мм. Мягкое письмо. Высокое качество.
380 руб
Раздел: 13-24 цвета
Кольцедержатель "Дерево с оленем", малый, белый.
Стильный аксессуар в виде фигурки оленя с ветвящимися рогами – держатель для украшений, - выполнен из прочного пластика двух классических
375 руб
Раздел: Подставки для украшений

17. Types of tests used in English Language Teaching Bachelor Paper

18. British painting in the 17-18th centuries (Британская живопись 17-18 вв.)

19. Militant Islam’s Expansion in the Southern Philippines

20. Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind... Пастернак и нравственная дилемма послереволюционной интеллигенции

21. Education in the USA

22. Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present
Trade in Estonia in the Past and Present
23. Europe in the Middle Ages
Europe in the Middle Ages
24. Many strange children were found in the world
Many strange children were found in the world

25. Sports in the USA

26. Agriculture in the USA

27. The Catcher in the Rye

28. Sport and recreation in the United States

29. Equivalents of gerund are in Russian translation

30. Problem of meaning ambiguity in a language

31. A Catcher In The Rye - Summary

32. Attaction of foreign inflows in East Asia

Мешок для обуви "Kitten", 1 отделение, светоотражающая полоса.
Удобный мешок для обуви со светоотражающей полосой и карманом на молнии. Размер: 370х470 мм. Материал: полиэстер.
400 руб
Раздел: Сумки для обуви
Чехол с поролоном, антипригарный, для гладильной доски (тефлон).
Чехол для гладильной доски антипригарный. Размер чехла: 129х48 см. Максимальный размер доски: 125х40 см. Рисунок ткани в ассортименте без
364 руб
Раздел: Чехлы для гладильной доски
Игра "Супер Твистер".
Игра "Твистер" известна по всему миру людям от мала до велика. У нее простые правила, которые будут понятны как взрослым, так и
378 руб
Раздел: Подвижные игры, твистеры

33. Pogroms in Azerbaijan and Armenia of 1988-89 As Historical Echo of the 1915 Armenian Genocide (Погромы в Азербайджане и Армении 1988-89 как историческое эхо 1915 Армянского Геноцида)

34. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

35. The role of art in our life

36. Особенности ведения бизнеса в Китае (The peculiarities of marketing strategy development in China)

37. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

38. The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR
The development of computers in ukraine and the former USSR
39. The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia
The history of smart-cards and their place in modern Russia
40. The political method of the International Socialist Organisation
The political method of the International Socialist Organisation

41. The role of deuterium in molecular evolution

42. The Participation of American and British Youth in Political Life of Their Countries.

43. Lectures in Contrastive Lexicology of the English and Ukrainian Languages

44. The Tower of London

45. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

46. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

47. International Combating The Crimes Harming The Economic Development Of States

48. The Church of England

Молокоотсос ручной "Avent" с контейнерами для хранения молока.
Ручной молокоотсос Avent с контейнерами для хранения молока - это необходимая вещь для молодых мам, которые испытывают сложности со
2872 руб
Раздел: Молокоотсосы, аксессуары
Подарочная расчёска для волос "Настенька".
Стильная детская расчёска дарит радость и комфорт. Этот практичный аксессуар по достоинству оценят как маленькие модницы, так юные
372 руб
Раздел: Расчески, щетки для волос
Пенал школьный "Pixie Crew" с силиконовой панелью для картинок (зелёная клетка).
Повседневные вещи кажутся скучными и однотонными, а тебе хочется выглядеть стильно и быть не как все? "Pixie Crew" сделает твою
1096 руб
Раздел: Без наполнения

49. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

50. The history of railways (История железных дорог)

51. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

52. Motivation: Reward system and the role of compensation

53. Socionical approach in studding of nations

54. The cinema in Russia today
The cinema in Russia today
55. The fastest computers of the world
The fastest computers of the world
56. The Proverbs Are Children Of Experience (Пословицы - Дети Опыта)

57. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points

58. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry

59. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

60. The New-York City, Places of interest

61. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

62. Raskolnikov and Svidrigailov: on the brink of suicide. Ф.М. Достоевский, Преступление и наказание

63. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life

64. The Hero of Our Time

Письменные принадлежности "Набор первоклассника", 28 предметов.
Набор школьно-письменных принадлежностей для девочки. В наборе: акварель, альбом для рисования, блокнот, доска для лепки, 2 карандаша
551 руб
Раздел: Наборы канцелярские
Кондитерский шприц с насадками "Mayer & Boch" (18 предметов).
Набор состоит из 18 предметов: мешок кондитерский; 17 насадок; кондитерский мешок - уплотнитель (для прикручивания насадок к мешку).
427 руб
Раздел: Кондитерские принадлежности
Карандаши цветные "Jumbo", 12 цветов.
Карандаши цветные, трехгранные, заточенные. Длина карандаша: 175 мм Толщина грифеля: 5 мм. Количество цветов: 12.
485 руб
Раздел: 7-12 цветов

65. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

66. The house of my dream

67. Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan

68. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

69. Спецподразделения Армии Израиля: "Голани" (Special forces in Army of Israel Golani)

70. Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan
Navruz - A Celebration of Life. Public holidays in Uzbekistan
71. Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)
72. The fastest computers of the world
The fastest computers of the world

73. Allergy Enlightenment: Is Modern Medicine Fighting the Causes of This Ailment? Are Doctors Telling Us Everything?

74. The School Education in Great Britain (Школьное образование в Великобритании)

75. Символ и таинство в богословии св. Максима исповедника (symbol and mystery in st.Maximus the confessor)

76. Dark side of the monn - Жизнь после смерти

77. The profile of an effective manager

78. The history of Australia

79. Why was the United States unsuccessful in Vietnam?

80. The Taming of the Shrew

Игра с прищепками "Зайка".
Собираем яркий и красочный сюжет, проговаривая каждое действие. Малыш будет все повторять за вами, что в результате приведет к
365 руб
Раздел: Прочие
Глобус Земли политический, диаметр 420 мм.
Политический глобус Земли. Диаметр: 420 мм. Масштаб: 1:30000000. Материал подставки: пластик. Цвет подставки: прозрачный. Цвет дуги может
1981 руб
Раздел: Глобусы
Магическая кружка-мешалка, черная.
Оригинальная кружка с двойными металлическими стенками (нержавеющая сталь). Сохраняет напиток горячим в течение дольшего времени (в
554 руб
Раздел: Кружки

81. The teaching of Hugo Gratius

82. The dark side of the moon

83. Under what conditions will the oligopolists agree to co-operate in their decisions

84. Переведенная на английский лекция по теме Money and banking (деньги и банковское дело), the role of banks (роль банков), modern banking (современная банковская система)

85. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

86. The United States of America
The United States of America
87. What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?
What type of toys do the kids prefer nowadays?
88. Culture of the youth
Culture of the youth

89. Problems of the youth

90. The United States Of America

91. The uniqueness of the British

92. The protection of the environment

93. Zur Organisation der Gerichte in der BRD

94. The United States of America

95. The commonwealth of Australia

96. The Commonwealth of Australia

Вожжи - страховка для ребенка Спортбэби "Комфорт".
Удобный держатель и мягкий нагрудник обеспечит необходимый комфорт Вам и Вашему ребенку. Предохраняют Вашу спину от перегрузки, а малыша
316 руб
Раздел: Прыгунки, вожжи
Ножницы "Pigeon" для ногтей новорожденных.
Ножницы для ногтей новорожденных "Pigeon" благодаря маленьким закругленным и тонким лезвиям, позволяют подстригать ногти малыша
721 руб
Раздел: Маникюрные наборы детские
Точилка механическая "Classic", синяя.
Цветной пластиковый корпус с прозрачным контейнером, объемный контейнер для стружки, стальные самозатачивающиеся ножки. Размеры: 91x88x4 мм.
317 руб
Раздел: Точилки

97. Model of the nucleus of atom and the table of elements

98. The climate of Great Britain

99. Has the EU reached the limits of integration?

Поиск Рефератов на сайте za4eti.ru Вы студент, и у Вас нет времени на выполнение письменных работ (рефератов, курсовых и дипломов)? Мы сможем Вам в этом помочь. Возможно, Вам подойдет что-то из ПЕРЕЧНЯ ПРЕДМЕТОВ И ДИСЦИПЛИН, ПО КОТОРЫМ ВЫПОЛНЯЮТСЯ РЕФЕРАТЫ, КУРСОВЫЕ И ДИПЛОМНЫЕ РАБОТЫ. 
Вы можете поискать нужную Вам работу в КОЛЛЕКЦИИ ГОТОВЫХ РЕФЕРАТОВ, КУРСОВЫХ И ДИПЛОМНЫХ РАБОТ, выполненных преподавателями московских ВУЗов за период более чем 10-летней работы. Эти работы Вы можете бесплатно СКАЧАТЬ.