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Political System of the USA

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he . he USA is a federal u io of 50 s a es. he basic law is he co s i u io , adop ed i 1787, which prescribes he s ruc ure of a io al gover me a d lis s i s righ s a d fields of au hori y. Each s a e has i s gover me a d all of hem have he dual charac er of bo h Federal a d S a e gover me . he poli ical sys em of he USA is divided i o hree bra ches: judicial, legisla ive a d execu ive. Each bra ch holds a cer ai degree of power over he o hers, a d all ake par i he gover me al process. he flag. I is called he s ars a d he s ripes a d old glory. I was adop ed i 1777. he red s ripes proclaim courage, he whi e - liber y, a d he field of blue s a ds for loyal y. he coa of arms. he coa of arms of he US represe s a eagle wi h wi gs ou spread, holdi g a ba gle of rods ( he symbol of admi is er) i he lef claw a d olive wig ( he emblem of love) i he righ claw. he mo o of he coa of arms is 'o e ou of ma y&quo ; (apli ibus u ). he ick ame. I was i 1812 whe he ick ame of he US gover me &quo ;U cle Sam&quo ; appeared. 'U cle' Samuel Wilso supplied beef o he America army, duri g he war of 1812, s a di g his barrels wi h he le ers 'U. S.’ he army as ‘U cle Sam’s’ k ew his beef, a d la er o his familiar ame became associa ed wi h he US gover me . he co s i u io of he USA. Al hough he America sys em of gover me is based o Grea Bri ai 's, i differs i havi g a wri e co s i u io , ha is he bases of all gover me a d law. he co s i u io of he US was adop ed af er he War of I depe de ce o he 17 h of Sep ember 1787. I lis s he se of rules, law regula io s, which provide he prac ical orms, regula i g he work of he gover me . he docume imbodied he prac ical heories of ma of proper y. he mai pri ciple u derli e he co s i u io was as follows: &quo ;Priva e proper y is he backbo e of liber y&quo ;. I was pu forward by a rich pla a io ow er from Virgi ia James Madiso , who is k ow o be a fa her of he co s i u io . he co s i u io co sis s of Preamble a d seve ar icles. 27 ame dme s have so far bee added o i s origi al ex . he firs 10 ame dme s, k ow as &quo ; he Bill of Righ s', were added i a group i 1791. hese ame dme s es ablish he i dividual righ s a d freedoms o all people of he s a es, i cludi g freedom of speech, freedom of he press, freedom of worship e c. America s fill ha of all freedoms, proclaimed i he co s i u io , here is o ly o e freedom - he freedom of e erprise. Bu i mea s freedom of he weal hy people o ly. he 21s ame dme limi ed he Preside 's ruli g by maximum wo erms. he legisla ive bra ch. Supreme legisla ive power i he America gover me lies wi h Co gress: he Se a e, he upper house; a d he House of he Represe a ives - he Lower House. Each s a e has i s ow gover me - S a e Assemblies or, Legisla ures wi h wo houses. Accordi g o he co s i u io of he USA, all ci ize s of bo h sexes over 18 years of age has a righ of vo i g, bu i reali y he umber of vo ers is much smaller. he mai ask of Co gress is o make federal laws, o levy federal axes, o make rules for rade, o cor mo ey, o orga ise Armed forces, o declare war, o make ame dme s o he co s i u io or pu foreig rea ies i o effec .

U der he co s i u io he US Se a e has some special powers, o give o he House of represe a ives. I approves or disapproves he mai preside ial appoi me s: Ambassadors. Cabi e Members a d federal judges; also ra ify by a 2/3 vo e rea me s be wee he USA a d foreig cou ries. he House of Represe a ives has a special power of i s ow - o i ve a bill o raise mo ey. he Se a e is composed of 100 members - wo from each of 50 s a es, who are elec ed for a erm of years. Al hough co gressio al elec io s ake place every wo years, o ly 1/3 of he Se a e is reelec ed. A Se a or mus be a leas 30 y years old, a ci ize of he USA for 9 years a d a reside of he s a e from which he is elec ed. Democra s si i he wes er par of he chamber - o Vice-preside righ . Republica s si o his lef . Vice-preside presides over he Se a e a d co duc s deba es. he Se a e is s able a d more co serva ive ha he House of Represe a ives a d ma y Se a ors are more experie ced poli icia s. he House of represe a ives has 450 members. he umber of Represe a ives depe ds o he popula io of each s a e. A Represe a ive mus be a leas 25 years age, a US ci ize for 7 years a d live i he s a e from which he is elec ed. Democra s si o he Speakers righ , republica s - o his lef . he Speaker presides over he House a d co duc s deba es. he Speaker, like Vice-preside , may vo e. Mos of he Co gressme are layers, busi essma a d ba kers. he America press as a u represe a ive i s i u io some imes cri icises he US Co gress. he Co gress i work. A ew Co gress sessio begi s o he 3rd of Ja uary each odd umber year a d co i ues for wo years. A Co gressma mus work lo g a d hard. Bu mos of heir work is do e i commi ee mee i gs. Here bills are s udied, exper s are co sul ed, a d recomme da io s are made o he whole House of Se a e. Duri g a wo year erm of a Co gress, as ma y as 20000 bills are i roduced. here are 16 's a di g' or perma e commi ees i he Se a e, a d 22 i he House. hey accep a d improve some bills, bu rejec mos of hem. For a bill becomes a law i mus be read, s udied i commi ees, comme ed o a d ame ded i he Se a e or House chamber i which i was i roduced. I is he vo ed upo . If i passes, i is se o he o her house where a similar procedure occurs. Members of bo h houses work oge her i &quo ;co fere ce commi ees&quo ; if he chambers have passed differe versio s of he same bill. Groups who ry o persuade Co gressme o vo e for or agai s a bill are k ow as &quo ;lobbies&quo ;. Whe bo h houses of Co gress pass a bill o which hey agree, i is se o he preside for his sig a ure. If Preside is disapproves, he ve oes a d refusi g o sig i , a d se ds i back o Co gress. Preside ’s objec io are read a d deba ed. o overcome he Preside 's ve o, he bill mus ge a 2/3 majori y i each chamber.Lobbyis s. Of e discussi g Co gress of he USA, he hird chamber is me io ed. I 's a specific America phe ome a called lobbies. oday ifs big corpora io s, social orga isa io s, foreig diploma s, who ry o i flue ce lawmaki g process i heir favour. his is do e wi h he help of lobbyis s. Prac ically lobbyism (backs age i flue ce i legisla io ) has become legal, i mea s, ha he passi g of a bill ca be preve ed, if i does ’ sui he i eres s of a defi i e group of big busi ess.

Lobbyis s make all hemselves legisla ive cou cils. More a d more people realise ha legisla io is shaped as much by he hidde i flue ces, as by he public deba es. he execu ive bra ch. he execu ive power i he USA belo gs o he Preside a d his Admi is ra io . he Preside cy i he USA is he highes gover me al office. Preside i he USA is he head of he s a e a d he gover me , a d also he comma der-i -chief of he US Armed Forces. Vice-reside a d he Cabi e assis preside . he Preside a d Vice-preside are elec ed for a erm of four years a d ca be reelec ed. Preside mus be a a ural-bor ci ize of he USA a d a leas 35 years old, a d for a leas 14 years reside of he USA. he erm of office of he Preside begi s o he 2 d of Ja uary. Preside ial elec io s are head i wo s ages - i ovember a d December. Before he elec io s he ca dida es for Preside cy our he cou ry, mee i g people a d deliveri g speeches. he preside , as he chief formula or of public policy, of e proposes legisla io o Co gress. he preside ca also ve o (forbid) a y bill passed by Co gress. he ve o ca be overridde by a wo- hirds vo e i bo h he Se a e a d House of Represe a ives. As head of his poli ical par y, wi h ready access o he ews media, he preside ca easily i flue ce public opi io regardi g issues a d legisla io ha he deems vi al. Preside co duc s foreig affairs, sig ed docume s, appoi s diploma s, Cabi e Members, federal judges wi h he co se a d advice of he Se a e. He ou li es he course of his admi is ra io hrew Co gress. Vice-preside presides over he Se a e, his o her du ies are i defi i e. He akes he preside 's office, if he preside is u able o fi ish his erm. So Vice-preside is 'a forgo e ma of he America poli ics'. A Cabi e of 12 members assis s he US Preside . Cabi e secre aries correspo d o Europea mi is ers. hey are heads of differe depar me s a d are respo sible o Preside . oday hese 13 depar me s are S a e, reasury, Defe ce, Jus ice, I erior, Agricul ure, Commerce, Labour, Heal h a d Huma Services, Housi g a d Urba Developme , ra spor a io , E ergy a d Educa io . he S a e Depar me ra ks ahead of o hers. he poli ical power of he Secre ary of he S a e is he seco d o ly o ha of he preside . He mus mai ai s peace a d ego ia es eco omic a d poli ical rea ess. Besides, Preside has a i er Cabi e , he so-called 'whi e-house office', i. e. immedia e assis a ce a d advises of he Preside . he House of Represe a ives may bri g charges agai s he Preside , i is called 'impeachme ' - a formal accusa io agai s a public official by a legisla ive body, for reaso , bribery a d o her high crimes. U der he Co s i u io , he preside is primarily respo sible for foreig rela io s wi h o her a io s. He of e represe s he U i ed S a es abroad i co sul a io s wi h o her heads of s a e, a d, hrough his officials, he ego ia es rea ies wi h over cou ries. Such rea ies mus be approved by a wo- hirds vo e of he Se a e. Preside s also ego ia e wi h o her a io s less formal &quo ;execu ive agreeme s&quo ; ha are o subjec o Se a e approval.I augura io . I augura io always akes place o he 20 h of Ja uary, i is a official ac of i s alli g he Preside of he USA o his office.

Information must pulse through this loop at accelerating speeds, with the output of one group becoming the input for many others, so that no group, however politically potent it may seem, can independently set goals for the whole. As the number of social components multiplies, and change jolts and destabilizes the entire system, the power of subgroups to wreak havoc on the whole is tremendously amplified. There is, in the words of W. Ross Ashby, a brilliant cyberneticist, a mathematically provable law to the effect that "when a whole system is composed of a number of subsystems, the one that tends to dominate is the one that is least stable." Another way of stating this is that, as the number of social components grows and change makes the whole system less stable, it becomes less and less possible to ignore the demands of political minorities – hippies, blacks, lower-middle-class Wallacites, school teachers, or the proverbial little old ladies in tennis shoes. In a slower-moving, industrial context, America could turn its back on the needs of its black minority; in the new, fast-paced cybernetic society, this minority can, by sabotage, strike, or a thousand other means, disrupt the entire system

1. The political system of Ukraine

2. Cities of the USA

3. Washington is the capital of the USA

4. History of democracy of the USA

5. The political method of the International Socialist Organisation

6. The USA: its history, geography and political system
The USA: its history, geography and political system
7. The Impact the Civil War 1861-1865 on Economic, Politic and Industry Development in the USA
8. The development of computers in the USA
The development of computers in the USA

9. The system of english tenses

10. Establishment of the Federal judicial system

11. Formation and development of political parties in the Republic of Belarus

12. The political thinking of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau decisively shaped the western intellectual tradition

13. Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

14. Working out of the search algorithm of failures of Air Conditioning System of TU-154

15. Comparison of the Renaissance and Enlightenment (Сравнение Ренессанса и Просвещения)

16. Going public and the dividend policy of the company

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17. My modern image of the United States

18. The fastest computers of the world

19. Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

20. The influence of the Great Britain on our daily life

21. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War

22. History of `The Beatles` and biographies of members in english
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23. The Consequences of the Soviet-Afghan War
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24. Geometrization of the Fundamentals of Chemistry
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25. The Taming of the Shrew

26. The dark side of the moon

27. The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

28. Culture of the youth

29. Sports in Great Britain, the USA and Russia

30. Discovery of the New World

31. Use of the Topical Project Work “My Body” for Developing All Language Skills in Form 4

32. State political system

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34. Why was Washington made the capital of the United States?

35. Art of the Edo Period

36. Category of number of the noun

37. Historical Background of the Middle English Period

38. Sports in the USA
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39. The war of the roses
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40. Agriculture in the USA
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41. Survey of the British Geography and Life

42. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: Most Popular Poet of the Nineteenth Century

43. Holidays in Russia, Britain and the USA

44. The making of the collection

45. For the Beauty of the Earth

46. London city - Capital of the United Kingdom

47. Giza, Wonder of the World

48. The development of the drama. The theatres and actors

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49. Famous journalist of the English-speaking country. Benjamin Franklin

50. Relief of the UK

51. Why the crystal structure of the element is such lattice but not another?

52. The notion of the agreement of the purchase and sale According to art

53. Islam in the eyes of the West

54. Drug trafficking - a global challenge of the XXI century
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55. Перевод реферата "Acquaintance with geometry as one of the main goals of teaching mathematics to preschool children"
56. Changes and specimens of the English language
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57. Constellations of the star sky

58. Emblems of the UK

59. Reminiscences of Janet A. Mattei, former director of the American Associations of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO)

60. Social structure of the society

61. Stylistic analysis of the part of the novel "Rebecca" by Daphne Du Maurier

62. System of education of Great Britain

63. The explaining of the meaning of neologism

64. The history of grammatical study of the English language

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65. The origin and history of the English language

66. The outline of the period

67. The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English

68. The Socialist-Revolutionaries and the labor movement (the beginning of the twentieth century)

69. The USA economy

70. American System of Education
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71. Lectures in Contrastive Lexicology of the English and Ukrainian Languages
72. Stylistic phonetics based on the examples of the works by P.B. Shelley
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73. Intellectual history of the Europe

74. The life and work of the self-employed socialist intellectual, Humphrey McQueen

75. “The Role of Smallpox Vaccination in Mortality Decline in the Great Britain through Eradicating the Disease between XVIII-XX centuries – Facts or a Political Arithmetick?”

76. The sights of USA.

77. The Tower of London

78. Missile Defense System - Buren for the United States

79. The Economy of Great Britain

80. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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82. The Adverse Effects of Green Lawns

83. On the problem of crystal metallic lattice in the densest packings of chemical elements

84. Alaska’s Wildlife: on the Verge of Extinction (Живая природа Штата Аляска на грани исчезновения)

85. The Castles of England

86. The role of art in our life
The role of art in our life
87. Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points
Three Waves of Alvin Toffler. The Basic Points
88. The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.
The face of every city is different. Washington D.C.

89. The New-York City, Places of interest

90. Translatioin of Political Literature

91. The profile of an effective manager

92. The Tower of London

93. The history of Old English and its development

94. Consequence of building the National Missile Defense

95. The Influence of English Mass Culture on Estonia

96. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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99. The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

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