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American Poetry of the Seventeenth Century as a Reflection of Puritan’s Character

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Pavel Pushkov Professor Fa i g E glish 71 14 February 2006 A A alysis of “Upo Wedlock, a d he Dea h of Childre ” by Edward aylor a d “Upo he Bur i g of Our House” by A e Brads ree    How much do we k ow abou he firs se lers? We k ow ha hey s ar ed o arrive i ew E gla d i he firs par of he seve ee h ce ury. We also k ow ha ma y of hem were Puri a s. From high school his ory ex books we k ow ha Puri a s were a very religious group ha ma aged o overcome he da gers of a s ra ge la d. Bu who really were hose people? How did hey live? Wha did hey hi k a d dream abou ? Wha were he mos impor a hi gs i heir lives? I hi k ha works of seve ee h ce ury Puri a s’ au hors will help us o a swer hese ques io s. Le us ake some poems of A Brads ree a d Edward aylor as examples.   Edward aylor, who for ma y years was a pries i a small fro ier ow , lef behi d ma y wri i gs. I hi k ha he poem Upo Wedlock a d Dea h of Childre shows he poe ’s charac er he bes . he poem devo ed o wo he mos impor a hi gs i aylor’s life: his family a d religio .   From he firs li es of he poem we ca see a deep love of he au hor for his wife. He compares heir marriage o a “ rue- Love K o , more swee ha spice, a d se wi h all he flowers of Grace’s dress” (356). he use of he phrase “more swee ha spice” is very ouchi g, i my opi io , because i shows he aylors as a ormal, lovi g couple ha ime af er ime had some “spicy” mome s i heir live (356). ever heless, hey love each o her a d he poe describes heir marriage as a “Wedde ’s k o , ha e’re ca be u ied: o Alexa der’s Sword ca i divide (356).” Compari g he marriage wi h a “Gordia K o ,” aylor shows he s re g h of he u io be wee his wife a d himself (356).   Fur her o i he poem, aylor wri es abou his childre . We ca see a happi ess of he fa her whe he au hor compares himself wi h a pla whose “s ock k o ed a d ma ly flower ou brake” (357). his is how he describes he bir h of his so . A d la er, “ my bra ch agai did k o , brough ou a o her flower” his ime he wri er speaks abou his daugh er (357). aylor sees himself as a pla , a d his childre are he mos beau iful par of ha pla : flowers. Moreover, hey are o e orga ism wi h heir fa her, a d he flowers ca o be separa ed from he s em wi hou pai .  ever heless, some of his childre die. his is how aylor describes he dea h of his child: “a ha u looked for did crop his flower” (357). he verb “crop” is used o show how roughly a “flower” was separa ed from he “s em”; i shows he pai of he fa her (357). he followi g li es demo s ra e he ago y of a pare wa chi g his child diei g, “ oh, he or ures, Vomi , screechi g, groa s, a d six weeks Fever would pierce hear s like s o es” (357). We ca see how much he poe loves his childre .  However, here is some hi g ha aylor values eve more ha his wife a d kids: i is his religio . aylor seems o believe ha he Lord de ermi es huma s’ des i y, a d ha God crea ed his family. aylor wri es, “God made i paradise” ha “ rue- Love k o , more swee ha spice ( aylor’s marriage),” a d “pla ed” aylor himself “i ha k o ” (357). All people are o more ha flowers i he garde of God i aylor’s mi d.

A d i is up o Lord o decide whe her he “ge ’s hem gree , or le hem seed” (357).  here is o doub ha aylor adores his kids, bu le us ake a look a hese li es. While “croppi g” he “flowers (childre )” Chris “ havi g Choice, chose his my bra ch Lord ake’ . I ha k hee” (357). Does i o sou d like aylor is proud a d happy ha God ook his childre , a d o somebody else’s? he poe si cerely believes ha his childre are i a much be er place ha ear h ow. Fur hermore, aylor sees huma s as he proper y of God. “ ake , Lord, hey’re hi e,” he poe addresses o God (357). o hi g, eve he dea h of loved o es, ca shake he poe ’s fai h.  o everyo e, however, was as or hodox as aylor. A e Brads ree , a famous Puri a poe ess, did o wri e as much abou religio as aylor. Ma y o her hi gs i spired her wri i g. Some cri ics eve co sider he poe ess o be a ”disguised rebel” agai s Puri a ism. his poi of view is very reaso able. For example, af er he dea h of her gra dso , i her poem O My Dear Gra dchild Simo Brads ree , Brads ree wro e, “such was His will, bu why, le ’s o dispu e” (268). Does o i sou d like she did ask God “why”? o ques io he God! Ca you imagi e aylor doi g some hi g like his? Le us exami e o e of Brads ree ’s poems o fi d ou if she really was a rebel or o .  Whe Brads ree wro e her poem Upo he Bur i g of Our House, she was fif y-four, a old age a ha ime. She migh have bee a rebel whe she was you ger, bu she defi i ely is o o e a ha ime. Her belief i god is si cere. As soo as she realizes ha her house is o fire, she asks he Lord “ o s re g he me i my dis ress” (269). La er, whe her house has bur o he grou d, A e is o a gry wi h God a all. O he co rary, she praises him. “I praised His ame ha gave a d ook i was his ow , i was o mi e,” he poe ess says (270). aylor uses almos he same words describi g he dea h of his childre . Every hi g belo gs o God. he huma s’ exis e ce o Ear h is o hi g bu a prepara io o e er al life. Accordi g o Puri a s’ belief here is o se se bei g upse abou he bur ed home because for everyo e here is “a house o high erec , framed by ha migh y Archi ec ” (270).  he par of he poem describi g Brads ree ’s bur ed place is very emo io al. I hi k o ly a woma could wri e i . “A d here a d here he places spy where of I se a d lo g did lie,” he poe ess wri es (270). “My pleasa hi gs i ashes lie, a d hem behold o more shall I,” she also me io ed (270). I seems ha he poe ess worries more abou her memories ha were co ec ed wi h he los possessio s, ha abou a real price of her belo gi gs.  I is i eres i g how Brads ree addresses o her house direc ly ”u der hy roof o gues shall si , or a hy able ea a bi . or pleasa ale shall e’er be old o ca dle e’er shall shi e i hee. o bridegroom’s voice e’er heard shall be” (270). he poe ess mour s he house like a livi g bei g who ca o lo ger be a hos . “I sile ce ever shall hou lie” (270). hese li es ell us qui e a bi abou a every day life of he pio eers. Families would spe d heir leisure ime elli g ales (270). A visi of a gues could be a big eve i a isola ed commu i y (270). ha is why he los of he house for Brads ree was like he los of a old a d welcomi g frie d. 

he las wo li es of he poem are difficul o i erpre . “ he world o lo ger le me love, my hope a d reasure lie above” she says (270). Probably, Brads ree mea s ha she does o have much lef o live for, a d o hi g good is wai i g for her i our world a ymore. ha is why her o ly “hope a d reasure lie above” i he ki gdom of God (270).  A e Brads ree ’s poe ry broke he rules of he Puri a s’ world. She apprecia es ma y ear hly ma ers, o o ly religio . However, I do o hi k she is a rebel. She u ders a ds he limi a io s of Puri a s’ socie y, bu I did o fi d a y evide ce i her poe ry ha she wa ed o cha ge a y hi g. his is o a rebellio . I hi k ha Brads ree is a devo ed Chris ia , a d believes ha every hi g is i ha ds of God.  hese wo poems pic ure he real life of he firs se lers. U expec edly, we fou d ou ha pio eers were o so differ from us. hey, worked, loved, a d suffered whe heir loved o es died. Religio , however, was much more impor a for hem ha for moder people. I hi k ha fai h helped pio eers o survive i hose hard co di io s.     Список литературы Brads ree , A e. “Here Follows Some Verses upo he Bur i g of Our House July 10 h, 1666.” he or o A hology of America Li era ure. Ed. i a Bayem, 6 h ed. ew York: W.W. or o , 2003. 269-270. aylor, Edward. “Upo Wedlock, a d he Dea h of Childre .” he or o A hology of America Li era ure. Ed. i a Byem,

This is not surprising. The extraordinary global hegemony enjoyed by Europe for almost two centuries has made the particular seem universal. What, then, have been the peculiar characteristics of Europe ’s passage to, and through, modernity? Although European nations spent an extraordinary amount of time and energy fighting each other, the European passage to modernity from the mid sixteenth century onwards was achieved without, for the most part, a persistent threat from outside, with the exception of the Ottoman Empire in the south-east. By the seventeenth century, however, the latter was progressively being rolled back, though it was not until the nineteenth century that it was finally excluded from the Balkans. [89] Europe was the only continent to enjoy this privilege. Every subsequent aspirant for modernity — Asia, Africa, Latin America — had to confront and deal with an outside predator in the form of the modern European nations. Even the European settlers in North America had to fight the British in the American War of Independence to establish their sovereignty and thereby create the conditions for economic take-off

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